Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals / Edition 1

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals / Edition 1

by Committee on Prudent Practices for Handling, Storage, and Disposal of Chemicals in Laboratories, National Research Council
     
 

ISBN-10: 0309052297

ISBN-13: 9780309052290

Pub. Date: 01/10/2000

Publisher: National Academies Press

This volume updates and combines two National Academy Press bestsellers--Prudent Practices for Handling Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories and Prudent Practices for Disposal of Chemicals from Laboratories--which have served for more than a decade as leading sources of chemical safety guidelines for the laboratory.

Developed by experts from academia

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Overview

This volume updates and combines two National Academy Press bestsellers--Prudent Practices for Handling Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories and Prudent Practices for Disposal of Chemicals from Laboratories--which have served for more than a decade as leading sources of chemical safety guidelines for the laboratory.

Developed by experts from academia and industry, with specialties in such areas as chemical sciences, pollution prevention, and laboratory safety, Prudent Practices for Safety in Laboratories provides step-by-step planning procedures for handling, storage, and disposal of chemicals. The volume explores the current culture of laboratory safety and provides an updated guide to federal regulations. Organized around a recommended workflow protocol for experiments, the book offers prudent practices designed to promote safety and it includes practical information on assessing hazards, managing chemicals, disposing of wastes, and more.

Prudent Practices for Safety in Laboratories is essential reading for people working with laboratory chemicals: research chemists, technicians, safety officers, chemistry educators, and students.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309052290
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
01/10/2000
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
448
Product dimensions:
8.76(w) x 10.96(h) x 1.32(d)

Table of Contents

Overview and Recommendations1
1The Culture of Laboratory Safety13
BThe New Culture of Laboratory Safety14
CResponsibility and Accountability for Laboratory Safety14
DSpecial Safety Considerations in Academic Laboratories16
EThe Safety Culture in Industry18
FFactors That Are Changing the Culture of Safety18
2Prudent Planning of Experiments21
BLevels of Formality in Experiment Planning22
CIndividual Responsibilities for Planning Experiments23
DInstitutional Policies and Emergency Response Planning23
ESteps for Planning an Experiment24
3Evaluating Hazards and Assessing Risks in the Laboratory29
BSources of Information31
CToxic Effects of Laboratory Chemicals35
DFlammable, Reactive, and Explosive Hazards46
EPhysical Hazards57
FBiohazards60
GHazards from Radioactivity60
4Management of Chemicals63
BSource Reduction64
CAcquisition of Chemicals67
DInventory and Tracking of Chemicals69
EStorage of Chemicals in Stockrooms and Laboratories72
FRecycling of Chemicals, Containers, and Packaging76
5Working with Chemicals79
BPrudent Planning81
CGeneral Procedures for Working with Hazardous Chemicals82
DWorking with Substances of High Toxicity90
EWorking with Biohazardous and Radioactive Materials93
FWorking with Flammable Chemicals95
GWorking with Highly Reactive or Explosive Chemicals96
HWorking with Compressed Gases104
6Working with Laboratory Equipment107
BWorking with Water-Cooled Equipment109
CWorking with Electrically Powered Laboratory Equipment109
DWorking with Compressed Gases121
EWorking with High/Low Pressures and Temperatures126
FUsing Personal Protective, Safety, and Emergency Equipment131
GEmergency Procedures137
7Disposal of Waste139
BChemically Hazardous Waste141
CMultihazardous Waste150
DProcedures for the Laboratory-Scale Treatment of Surplus and Waste Chemicals160
8Laboratory Facilities173
BLaboratory Inspection Programs175
CLaboratory Ventilation178
DRoom Pressure Control Systems193
ESpecial Systems193
FMaintenance of Ventilation Systems194
9Governmental Regulation of Laboratories197
BRisk and Regulation198
CThe OSHA Laboratory Standard: Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories202
DThe Resource Conservation and Recovery Act205
EThe Clean Air Act209
FSARA Title III, Community Right-To-Know and Emergency Notification and Response210
GThe Toxic-Substances Control Act210
HRegulation of Laboratory Design and Construction212
Bibliography213
App. A: OSHA Laboratory Standard219
App. B: Laboratory Chemical Safety Summaries235
Index415

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