Psychoanalysis and Motivational Systems: A New Look / Edition 1by Joseph D. Lichtenberg, James L. Fosshage, Frank M. Lachmann
Introduced in Psychoanalysis and Motivation (1989) and further developed in Self and Motivational Systems (1992) and The Clinical Exchange (1996), motivational systems theory aims to identify the components and organization of mental states and the process by which intentions and goals unfold. More than just an instinctual drive,/em>/em>/em>… See more details below
Introduced in Psychoanalysis and Motivation (1989) and further developed in Self and Motivational Systems (1992) and The Clinical Exchange (1996), motivational systems theory aims to identify the components and organization of mental states and the process by which intentions and goals unfold. More than just an instinctual drive, motivation is described as a complex intersubjective process which is cocreated in the developing individual embedded in a matrix of relationships with others. The motivational systems determine, and are determined by, this interrelation of individuals.
Opening with a response to critics of motivational systems theory, Lichtenberg, Lachmann, and Fosshage present revisions to their approach to the original five motivational systems, adding two more: an affiliative and a caregiving motivational system. The authors then go on to suggest, using ideas garnered from complexity theory and fractals, that motivational systems theory can help us understand how a continuity of self can be maintained despite near-constant fluctuations in interpersonal relations. They then consider how the making of inferences, explicitly and implicitly, is shaped by motivation, before applying their theory to an actual human experience - love - to demonstrate the interplay of multiple shifting motivations within an individual. Last, they present new looks at the clinical applicability of their research.
Grounded in observational research of infants but relevant to psychoanalysis at any stage of life, motivational systems theory has evolved via the combined experiences of these three analysts for more than 20 years, and remains an important contribution to our understanding of the driving forces behind human experience.
Table of Contents
1 Dynamic systems theory and five areas of inquiry 1
2 Revisions and elaborations of motivational systems theory 13
3 Beyond and beneath the motivational systems: A clinical story 33
4 The experience of continuity and self-sameness despite multiple motivational states: An explanation by analogy: Fractal theory 45
5 Inferences in clinical process 61
6 Love: A motivational systems perspective 75
7 Applying the theory to clinical exploration 95
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