Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise - 3rd Edition / Edition 3

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Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise, Third Edition, reflects the latest developments in the field of sport and exercise psychology and presents various applications in a range of physical activity settings. The text emphasizes practical theory, which allows students, teachers, personal trainers, consultants, athletic trainers, and other professionals to enhance sport and exercise experiences for all based on the best available knowledge in the field. By using practical theory, readers can incorporate the basic skills of sport and exercise psychology into both their professional and personal experiences.

Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise, Third Edition, builds on information presented in previous editions with revised content and new research that is more relevant to current practice. Emphasis is placed on sport and exercise psychology concepts as they apply to three key areas of sport science professions: physical education teaching and coaching; exercise instruction and fitness leadership; and sports medicine, rehabilitation, and athletic training. By focusing on these settings, readers will understand how psychology concepts are integral to real-world situations outside of the classroom.

Through this text, sport and exercise psychology will come alive for students as they prepare for their professional lives. This new edition encourages learning with the following features:

-Expanded sections on cognitive skills, participation motivation, emotion, and cultural diversity that emphasize recent areas of interest in sport and exercise psychology

-Updated references throughout the book that are designed to keep readers on top of a fast-growing field

-New case studies at the end of each chapter that allow students to immediately apply the content in real-world coaching, physical education, fitness instruction, and sport rehabilitation settings

-Distinct research and application boxes that will help students tie theory with professional practice

-Chapter summaries, review questions, and annotated recommended readings that aid comprehension of material and direct students to additional resources
Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise, Third Edition, is organized into five parts representing major topics that may be found in a sport and exercise psychology curriculum. Part I provides an overview of sport and exercise psychology. The section presents a framework for the psychological factors related to sport and exercise with chapters covering the scope, historical development, and current approaches to sport and exercise psychology.

Part II focuses on the individual and includes chapters addressing personality, attention and cognitive skills, and self-perceptions. In part III the discussion turns to motivation. These chapters address behavioral approaches, social-cognitive theories and models, motivational orientation, intrinsic motivation, and lifestyle physical activity. Part IV goes beyond competitive anxiety to include a wider range of emotions and physical activity settings. Part V explores the individual in relation to others. This section on social processes contains chapters on social influence, social development, group dynamics, gender, and cultural diversity.

Throughout the text, research findings, theories, and themes are pulled together to provide guidelines for professional practice. Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise, Third Edition, provides readers with updated information in both exercise and sport psychology that they can use as they move into or continue professional practice.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

In this update of the 1986 edition (, Human Kinetics), Gill (educational sports science, U. of North Carolina, Greensboro) overviews the theoretical and research foundations of the fast-paced field of applied sport and exercise psychology. New chapters treat approaches to knowledge, goal- setting, stress management, and psychological skills training. Revised material is presented on personality, motivation, and group dynamics. Includes review questions and recommended reading. Appends a sports competition anxiety test, and a progressive relaxation exercise. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736062640
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 3/10/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 344
  • Sales rank: 926,481
  • Product dimensions: 8.60 (w) x 11.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Diane L. Gill, PhD, is a professor in the department of exercise and sport science at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG). She held faculty positions at the University of Waterloo and the University of Iowa before moving to UNCG. At UNCG, she has served as associate dean of the School of Health and Human Performance, head of the department of exercise and sport science, and founding director of the Center for Women's Health and Wellness. She has more than 30 years of experience as a faculty member in sport and exercise psychology.

Dr. Gill has been engaged in research and scholarly activity in sport and exercise psychology throughout her career. With over 100 scholarly publications on sport and exercise psychology topics, she has made many presentations at major national and international conferences. She serves on several editorial boards and is the former editor of the Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. She is a fellow of several professional organizations, a former president of Division 47 (Exercise and Sport Psychology) of the American Psychological Association, the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, and the Research Consortium of AAHPERD. She received both her MS and PhD degrees from the University of Illinois and her undergraduate degree from the State University of New York at Cortland.

Lavon Williams, PhD, is a professor in the department of sport studies at Guilford College. She held faculty positions at Western Illinois University, Northern Illinois University, and Purdue University before taking a position at Guilford College, where she is department chair and coordinator of the physical education teacher education program.

Dr. Williams has been actively involved in sport and exercise psychology research throughout her career. She has written over 20 scholarly publications and has given more than 30 national and international presentations. Dr. Williams is a member of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology, the National Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, and the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance and is a fellow of the Research Consortium. She served on the board of the National Association of Girls and Women in Sport and the AAHPERD Research Consortium. She is currently on the editorial board for Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES) and Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. She served as an associate editor of the AASP Newsletter, a psychology section editor for RQES, an editorial board member for both The Sport Psychologist and Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, and a reviewer for the Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, and Psychology of Sport and Exercise. She received her MS from the University of Oregon, her PhD from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, and her bachelor's degree from Texas Christian University.

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Table of Contents

Part I. Overview of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Chapter 1. The Scope of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Kinesiology: A Multidisciplinary, Applied Field
The Subdiscipline of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Sport and Exercise Behavior Is Complex

Chapter 2. History of Sport and Exercise Physiology
Early Roots: 1890-1920
Coleman R. Griffith's Sport Psychology Work: 1920-1940
Isolated Sport and Exercise Psychology Studies: 1940-1965
Emergence of Sport and Exercise Psychology as a Subdiscipline: 1965-1975
Development of the Subdiscipline: 1975-1999
Sport and Exercise Psychology Today: 2000 and Beyond

Chapter 3. Approaches to Understanding and Using Sport and Exercise Psychology
Understanding Sport and Exercise Psychology
Paradigms and Sources of Knowledge
Using Sport and Exercise Psychology

Part II. The Person in Sport and Exercise Psychology

Chapter 4. Personality
Personality Defined
Early Theories and Current Biological Perspectives
Psychology Models of Personality
Personality Measures
Personality Research in Sport and Exercise Psychology
Relevant Personality Characteristics and Sport-Specific Psychological Skills

Chapter 5. Attention and Cognitive Skills
Attention Models and Measures
Research on Attentional Processes
Attention and Expertise
Imagery Models and Measures
Using Cognitive Skills
Goal Setting
Cognitive Control Strategies

Chapter 6. Self-Perceptions
Markus' Dynamic Self System
Multidimensional Self-Esteem
A Focus on Physical Self-Concept
Self-Confidence and Self-Efficacy

Part III. Motivation

Chapter 7. Behavioral Approaches
What Is Behavior?
Implementing a Behavior Plan

Chapter 8. Motivational Orientations: Achievement and Competitiveness
Participation Motivation: Reasons for Physical Activity Participation and Withdrawal
Atkinson's Theory of Achievement Motivation
The Meaning of Ability and Why It Is Important
Goal Orientations in Physical Domain
Developmental Aspects of Goal Perspectives
Environmental Factors: Reward Structures and Motivational Climate
Competitive Orientation in Sport

Chapter 9. Cognitive Approaches to Motivation
Individual Differences and Motivation
Cognitive Evaluation Theory
Theory of Self-Determination
Attributions and Sport

Chapter 10. Participation Motivation
Physical Activity for Health and Well-Being
Sport and Exercise Psychology for Physical Activity and Health
Excessive Participation: Exercise Dependence
Participation Motivation for Lifestyle Physical Activity
Theories and Models of Exercise Behavior

Part IV. Emotions, Stress and Coping

Chapter 11. Emotion Models and Research
Emotion Concepts and Definitions
Positive and Negative Emotions
Emotion Models
Sport and Exercise Psychology Research on Emotion
Competitive Anxiety
Anxiety-Performance Models and Research
Anxiety Patterns and Performance
Current Anxiety-Performance Models in Sport and Exercise

Chapter 12. Emotional Control and Stress Management
Importance of Emotional Control and Stress Management
Stress Models in Sport and Exercise Psychology
Educational Stress Management Techniques
Cognitive Stress Management Techniques
Relaxation Exercises
Cognitive-Behavioral Stress Management

Part V. Social Processes

Chapter 13. Social Influence
Social Facilitation
Audience Effects in the Real World
Social Reinforcement and Motor Performance
Competition and Motor Performance
Social Learning Theory
Modeling: The Demonstration Process
Attentional Processes
Retentional Processes
Modeling and Motor Performance
Modeling of Nonperformance Behaviors
Models: The Self and Significant Others

Chapter 14. Aggression and Character Development
Defining Aggression
Theories of Aggression
Aggression and Sport
Interventions for Character Development Through Physical Activity

Chapter 15. Group Dynamics and Interpersonal Relationships
Group Dynamics Concepts and Models
Group Performance in Sport and Exercise
Leadership in Sport and Exercise Groups
Social Support
Cohesion in Sport and Exercise Groups
Sport and Exercise Psychology Research on the Cohesion–Performance Relationship Putting Group Dynamics Into Practice: Team Building

Chapter 16. Gender, Diversity, and Cultural Competence
Multicultural Framework
Cultural Context of Sport and Exercise
Gender Scholarship in Sport and Exercise Psychology
Social Perspectives in Gender Research
Gender and Sexuality
Race and Ethnicity and Social Class
Cultural Competence in Sport and Exercise Psychology

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