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Psychological Impact of War Trauma on Civilians: An International Perspective

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Overview

In an interview granted years before September 11, 2001, Osama bin Laden has stated that he considers both soldiers and civilians of the enemy legitimate targets. That position is not unique, and the wars of the past century have proven with increasing numbers of civilian casualties. This book addresses the impact of war and extreme stress on civilian populations, as well as psychology's response to these phenomena. Contributors examined and developed interventions in locations including Africa, the Balkans, Afghanistan, Siberia, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. Subjects include: women under the Taliban, AIDS patients faced with governmental denial, survivors of the Rwanda massacres, post-Pol Pot Cambodia, Nazi Holocaust victims, Kuwaitis after the Iraqi invasion, Argentine mothers of disappeared youth, and more.

The authors examine such rehabilitation efforts as art therapy and role-playing in the former Yugoslavia, community mobilization in Angola, body-work for torture victims who have found their way to London, and counseling for former child prostitutes now in Vietnamese schools. Preventative measures include classes in ethnopolitical conflict resolution, reconciliation and peace-building activities, and the revival of indigenous practices after decades of repression.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

STANLEY KRIPPNER is Alan W. Watts Professor of Psychology at Saybrook Graduate School, San Francisco.

TERESA M. MCINTYRE is Professor of Health Psychology at the University of Minho, Lago do Paco, Braga, Portugal.

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Table of Contents

Foreword: Moving the Borders of Psychology to the Aid of Victims of War
Acknowledgments
Overview: In the Wake of War 1
Pt. I Case Studies and Assessment 15
1 The Women of Afghanistan and the Freedom of Thought 19
2 Healing the Impact of Colonization, Genocide, and Racism on Indigenous Populations 25
3 Children of War: Psychosocial Sequelae of War Trauma in Angolan Adolescents 39
4 War on the Internal Self: Memory, Human Rights, and the Unification of Germany 55
5 Assessing Depression Among Survivors of the Rwanda Genocide 67
6 Infectious Disease, HIV/AIDS, and War: Impact on Civilian Psychological Health 79
7 An Asian Youth as Offender: The Legacy of the Khmer Rouge 95
Pt. II Intervention and Reconstruction 107
8 War and Refugee Suffering 111
9 Self-Therapy Through Personal Writing: A Study of Holocaust Victims' Diaries and Memoirs 123
10 Post-Traumatic Nightmares in Kuwait Following the Iraqi Invasion 135
11 Psychosocial Effects and Treatment of Mass Trauma Due to Sociopolitical Events: The Argentine Experience 143
12 Cultural Art Therapy in the Treatment of War Trauma in Children and Youth: Projects in the Former Yugoslavia 155
13 Social Sources of Life: Rehabilitation in the Former Yugoslavia 171
14 Healing, Social Integration, and Community Mobilization for War-Affected Children: A View from Angola 179
15 Somato-Psychotherapy at the Medical Foundation in London 193
16 Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome and Related Disorders Among Civilian Victims of Sexual Trauma and Exploitation in Southeast Asia 203
Pt. III Prevention 215
17 Toward a Graduate Curriculum in War Trauma Relief and Ethnopolitical Conflict Resolution 217
18 Before and After Trauma: The Difference Between Prevention and Reconciliation Activities in Macedonia 231
19 Change Agentry in an Islamic Context 239
20 Peacebuilding by Woman in Lebanon 249
21 Legacies of Fear: Religious Repression and Resilience in Siberia 257
Pt. IV Integrative Summaries 269
22 When Society Is the Victim: Catastrophic Trauma Recovery 271
23 Poisoned Dissociative Containers: Dissociative Defenses in Female Victims of War Rape 277
24 Challenges and Opportunities for Southeast Asian Refugee Adolescents 285
25 Why War? Fear Is the Mother of Violence 299
Afterword 311
"How Can This Be?" 313
Index 315
About the Editors and Contributors 325
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