Psychologists and Their Theories for Students

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More About This Textbook


Eight freelance writers (some with science specialties) worked under the direction of editor Krapp, with the guidance of five advisers from high school and university faculties to select appropriate entries and prepare this two-volume reference for high school students and lower division college students. A historical overview of the field of psychology, a chronology, and a glossary accompany thorough profiles of 20 psychologists and their ideas. The profiles cover biography, theories, historical context, critical response, and how the theories are used; sidebars contain information on related theories or other psychologists close to the subject of the entry. Small b&w photo portraits are included. Indexing is thorough. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780787665432
  • Publisher: Gale Group
  • Publication date: 11/12/2004
  • Pages: 1000
  • Product dimensions: 8.70 (w) x 11.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction vii
Advisers ix
Contributors xi
Historical Overview xiii
Chronology xxiii
Mary Salter Ainsworth 1
Further analysis: Setting up the strange situation 7
Biography: John Bowlby 9
Further analysis: Japanese attachment theory 13
Anne Anastasi 15
Biography: James Cattell 28
Biography: Hans Eysenck 34
Albert Bandura 39
Further analysis: Personality theories 63
Further analysis: Self-esteem 64
Aaron Temkin Beck 67
Biography: Albert Ellis 77
Biography: David Barlow 89
Alfred Binet 93
Biography: David Wechsler 113
Biography: Robert Sternberg 117
Kenneth Bancroft Clark 119
Biography: Gordon Allport 133
Biography: Claude Steele 140
Sigmund Schlomo Freud 145
Further analysis: Hypnosis 151
Biography: Anna Freud 170
Karen Clementine Horney 175
Biography: Women of Freudian psychology 192
Biography: Mary Whiton Calkins 198
Carl Gustaf Jung 201
Further analysis: Dream symbolism 209
Biography: Marie von Franz 226
George Alexander Kelly 229
Biography: Susan Fiske 245
Biography: Elizabeth Loftus 250
Lawrence Kohlberg 253
Further analysis: The case of Heinz 256
Biography: Carol Gilligan 267
Kurt Lewin 279
Group leadership models 294
Biography: Fritz Heider 300
Abraham Maslow 303
Biography: Viktor Frankl 316
Biography: Rollo May 322
Ivan Pavlov 325
Biography: John Watson 332
Biography: Clark Hull and Kenneth Spence 339
Jean Piaget 345
Table of Erik Erikson's stages of development 362
Table of Piaget's stages of development 369
Carl Rogers 373
Further analysis: Sample questions of the Q sort 394
Biography: Hazel Markus 397
Burrhus Frederic (B.F.) Skinner 399
Further analysis: Operant chamber 402
Further analysis: Baby box-Myth and reality 423
Max Wertheimer 425
Biography: Kurt Koffka 429
Biography: Wolfgang Kohler 437
Wilhelm Wundt 447
Biography: G. Stanley Hall 452
Biography: Williams James 464
Robert Yearkes 473
Biography: Konrad Lorenz 483
Biography: Harry Harlow's monkey infant experiment 494
Glossary 499
Index 507
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