Psychology and Law: Truthfulness, Accuracy and Credibility / Edition 2

Psychology and Law: Truthfulness, Accuracy and Credibility / Edition 2

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by Amina A Memon, Aldert Vrij, Ray Bull
     
 

How can psychology inform law and policing to help determine the accuracy of witnesses, victims and suspects?

This second edition of Psychology and Law: Truthfulness, Accuracy and Credibility is a substantially revised and exhaustive review of forensic research to do with credibility and the accuracy of evidence.

Throughout the book, Memon, Vrij and

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Overview

How can psychology inform law and policing to help determine the accuracy of witnesses, victims and suspects?

This second edition of Psychology and Law: Truthfulness, Accuracy and Credibility is a substantially revised and exhaustive review of forensic research to do with credibility and the accuracy of evidence.

Throughout the book, Memon, Vrij and Bull use their renowned expertise to focus on the practical relevance of research in areas such as:

  • criminal appearance stereotyping
  • assessment of the reliability of eyewitness evidence
  • non-verbal characteristics and physiological correlates of deception
  • improving practice in interviewing witnesses, in particular children and vulnerable adults
  • the use of and the study of juries in different countries

Aimed primarily at students and researchers in psychology, criminology and law, this book will also appeal to professionals in law and police work.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470850602
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
07/25/2003
Series:
Wiley Series in Psychology of Crime, Policing and Law Series, #15
Pages:
236
Product dimensions:
6.85(w) x 9.74(h) x 0.78(d)

Table of Contents

ABOUT THE AUTHORS.

PREFACE.

Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION.

Chapter 2: TELLING AND DETECTING LIES.

Some Characteristics of Deception.

Nonverbal Behaviour and Deception.

Verbal Behaviour and Deception: Criteria-Based Content Analysis.

Physiological Reactions and Deception: The Polygraph.

Detecting Lies.

Difficulties and Pitfalls for Lie Detectors.

Summary and Conclusion.

Chapter 3: FACIAL APPEARANCE AND CRIMINALITY.

Matching Faces to Crimes.

Attractiveness.

Facial Appearance and Deceit.

Police Officers.

Children.

Facial Surgery for Criminals.

Frequency of Facial Abnormality.

Weak Methodologies.

Does Facial Appearance have an Effect in the Courtroom?

Attributions of Responsibility.

Group Decision Making.

Meta-analysis.

Real-Life Court Proceedings.

Summary and Conclusion.

Chapter 4: INTERVIEWING SUSPECTS.

How to Get the Suspect to Talk.

How to Let the Suspect Talk.

How Many Suspects Confess and Why?

Quality of the Interview.

False Confessions.

Summary and Conclusion.

Chapter 5: INTERVIEWING WITNESSES.

The Effects of Long Delays.

Facial Identification.

Individual Differences.

Suggestibility.

Suggestion from Stereotypes.

Interviewing Vulnerable Witnesses.

Contributions from Cognitive Psychology.

Contributions from Social Psychology.

Interviewer Manner.

Summary and Conclusion.

Chapter 6: PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS IN EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY.

Estimator Variables and System Variables in Eyewitness Identification.

Estimator Variables.

System Variables.

Summary and Conclusion.

Chapter 7: FALSE MEMORIES.

Repression, Amnesia and Memory for Early Childhood Experiences.

Adults’ Memories for Traumatic and Non-traumatic Events.

Implanting False Memories.

Mechanisms Responsible for the Creation of False Memories and Beliefs.

Verifying the Accuracy of Recovered Memories in the Courtroom.

Summary and Conclusion.

Chapter 8: JURY DECISION MAKING.

The Jury System in Different Countries.

Empirical Research on Juries: Methodology.

Juror Characteristics.

How the Social Perceptions of Jurors May Influence Decisions.

Social Identity and Juror Decisions.

Prior Character Evidence.

Publicity Before and During the Trial.

The Story Model.

Evidence.

Aiding Juries.

Judge/Lawyer Characteristics.

Jury Deliberation.

Summary and Conclusion.

Chapter 9: THE ROLE OF EXPERT WITNESSES.

Admissibility of Expert Testimony.

Expert Testimony: Its Impact on Jury Decision Making.

Examples of Research on the Impact of Expert Testimony.

Ethical Issues.

The Hired Gun Effect.

Objectivity in Child Abuse Trials.

Summary and Conclusion.

REFERENCES.

INDEX.

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