Psychology / Edition 6

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Overview

More than any other psychology textbook, Don and Sandra Hockenbury’s Psychology relates the science of psychology to the lives of the wide range of students taking the introductory course. Now Psychology returns in a remarkable new edition that shows just how well-attuned the Hockenburys are to the needs of today’s students and instructors.

Psychology began with a basic idea: combine scientific authority with a narrative that engages students and relates to their lives. From decades of experience teaching, the Hockenburys created a book filled with cutting-edge science and real-life stories that draw students of all kinds into the course.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781429243674
  • Publisher: Worth Publishers
  • Publication date: 2/24/2012
  • Edition description: Sixth Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 864
  • Sales rank: 38,085
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction and Research
Methods
Prologue: Miracle Magnets?
Introduction: The Origins of Psychology
Contemporary Psychology
Culture and Human Behavior: What Is Cross-Cultural Psychology
The Scientific Method
Critical Thinking: What Is Critical Thinking?
Descriptive Research Methods
Science Versus Pseudoscience: What Is a Pseudoscience?
The Experimental Method
Focus on Neuroscience: Psychological Research Using Brain Imaging
Ethics in Psychological Research
In Focus: Questions About the Use of Animals in Psychological Research
Closing Thoughts
Application: Psychology in the Media: Becoming an
Informed Consumer

Chapter 2 Neuroscience and Behavior
Prologue: Asha’s Story
Introduction: Neuroscience and Behavior
The Neuron: The Basic Unit of Communication
The Nervous System and the Endocrine System: Communication Throughout the Body
A Guided Tour of the Brain
Focus on Neuroscience: Is Runner’s High an
Endorphine Rush?
Science Versus Pseudoscience: Phrenology: The Bumpy Road to Scientific Progress
Focus on Neuroscience: Juggling and Brain Plasticity
In Focus: The Curious Case of Phineas Gage
Specialization in the Cerebral Hemispheres
Critical Thinking: "His" and "Her" Brains Science Versus Pseudoscience: Brain Myths
Closing Thoughts
Application: Pumping Neurons: Maximizing Your Brain’s Potential

Chapter 3 Sensation and Perception
Prologue: Learning to See
Introduction: What Are Sensation and Perception?
Science Versus Pseudoscience: Subliminal
Perception
Vision: From Light to Sight
Focus on Neuroscience: Vision, Experience, and the Brain
Hearing: From Vibration to Sound
The Chemical and Body Senses: Smell, Taste, Touch, and Position
In Focus: Do Pheromones Influence Human Behavior?
Perception
Culture and Human Behavior: Ways of Seeing
Critical Thinking: ESP: Can Perception Occur Without Sensation?
Perceptual Illusions
The Effects of Experience on Perceptual Interpretations
Culture and Human Behavior: Culture and the Müller-Lyer Illusion: The Carpentered-World
Hypothesis
Closing Thoughts
Application: Strategies to Control Pain

Chapter 4 Consciousness and Its Variations
Prologue: Even in Good Men
Introduction: Consciousness: Experiencing the "Private I"
Biological and Environmental "Clocks" That Regulate Consciousness
Sleep
In Focus: What You Really Want to Know About Sleep
Dreams and Mental Activity During Sleep
Focus on Neuroscience: The Dreaming Brain:
Turning REM On and Off
In Focus: What You Really Want to Know About Dreams
Sleep Disorders: Troubled Sleep
Critical Thinking: Could a Person Commit Murder While Asleep?
Hypnosis
Critical Thinking: Is Hypnosis a Special State of Consciousness?
Meditation
Psychoactive Drugs
Focus on Neuroscience: The Addicted Brain:
Diminishing Rewards
Focus on Neuroscience: How Methamphetamines Erode the Brain
Closing Thoughts
Application: "Can’t Sleep? Read THIS!"

Chapter 5 Learning
Prologue: The Killer Attic
Introduction: What Is Learning?
Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli
In Focus: Watson, Classical Conditioning, and Advertising
Contemporary Views of Classical Conditioning
In Focus: Evolution, Biological Preparedness and Conditioned Fears: What Gives You the Creeps?
Operant Conditioning: Associating Behaviors and Consequences
In Focus: Changing the Behavior of Others: Alternatives to Punishment
Critical Thinking: Is Human Freedom Just an Illusion?
Focus on Neuroscience: Virtual Operant Conditioning: Remote-Controlled "Ratbots"
Contemporary Views of Operant Conditioning
Observational Learning: Imitating the Actions of Others
Focus on Neuroscience: Mirror Neurons: Imitation in the Brain?
Critical Thinking: Does "Reel" Violence Cause Real Aggressive Behavior?
Closing Thoughts
Application: Using Learning Principles to Improve Self-Control

Chapter 6 Memory
Prologue: The Drowning
Introduction: What Is Memory?
Culture and Human Behavior: Culture’s Effect on Earliest Memories
Retrieval: Getting Information from Long-Term Memory
Forgetting: When Retrieval Fails
In Focus: Déjà Vu: An Illusion of Memory
Imperfect Memories: Errors, Distortions, and False Memories
The Search for the Biological Basis of Memory
Critical Thinking: The Memory Wars: Recovered or False Memories?
Focus on Neuroscience: Assembling Memories: Echoes and Reflections of Perception
In Focus: H.M. and Famous People
Focus on Neuroscience: Mapping Brain Changes in Alzheimer’s Disease
Closing Thoughts
Application: Superpower Memory in Minutes per Day!

Chapter 7 Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
Prologue: The Movie Moment
Introduction: Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
Focus on Neuroscience: Seeing Faces and Places in the Mind’s Eye
Solving Problems and Making Decisions
Critical Thinking: The Persistence of Unwarranted Beliefs
Language and Thought
Culture and Human Behavior: The Effect of Language on Perception
Measuring Intelligence
In Focus: Does a High IQ Score Predict Success in Life?
The Nature of Intelligence
Critical Thinking: Neurodiversity and the Autism
Spectrum Disorders
Culture and Human Behavior: Stereotype Threat:
Performing When There’s a "Threat in the Air"
Closing Thoughts
Application: A Workshop on Creativity

Chapter 8 Motivation and Emotion
Prologue: One Step at a Time
Introduction: Motivation and Emotion
Motivational Concepts and Theories
Biological Motivation: Hunger and Eating
Critical Thinking: Has Evolution Programmed Us to Overeat?
Focus on Neuroscience: Dopamine Receptors and Obesity
Psychological Needs as Motivators
Emotion
In Focus: Detecting Lies
Focus on Neuroscience: Emotions and the Brain
Critical Thinking: Emotion in Nonhuman Animals: Laughing Rats, Silly Elephants, and Smiling Dolphins?
Theories of Emotion: Explaining Emotion
Closing Thoughts
Application: Turning Your Goals into Reality

Chapter 9 Lifespan Development
Prologue: The Cheerleader and the Skydiver
Introduction: Your Life Story
Genetic Contributions to Your Life Story
Prenatal Development
Development During Infancy and Childhood
Culture and Human Behavior: Where Does the Baby Sleep?
Critical Thinking: The Effects of Child Care on Attachment and Development
Adolescence
Focus on Neuroscience: The Adolescent Brain:
A Work in Progress
Culture and Human Behavior: Conflict Between Adolescents and Their Parents
Adult Development
Late Adulthood and Aging
The Final Chapter: Dying and Death
Closing Thoughts
Application: Raising Psychologically Healthy Children

Chapter 10 Gender and Sexuality
Prologue: Soaring with Angels
Introduction: Gender and Sexuality
Gender Stereotypes and Gender Roles
Critical Thinking: Are Women Really More Emotional Than Men?
Gender-Role Development: Blue Bears and Pink Bunnies
In Focus: Beyond Male and Female: Variations in Gender Identity
Human Sexuality
Culture and Human Behavior: Evolution and Mate Preference
Sexual Behavior
Focus on Neuroscience: Romantic Love and the Brain
In Focus: Everything You Wanted to Know About Sexual Fantasies
Sexual Disorders and Problems
Closing Thoughts
Application: Men, Women, and Conflict: Bridging the Gender Gap

Chapter 11 Personality
Prologue: The Secret Twin
Introduction: What Is Personality?
The Psychoanalytic Perspective on Personality
The Humanistic Perspective on Personality
Critical Thinking: Freud Versus Rogers on Human Nature
The Social Cognitive Perspective on Personality
Critical Thinking: Freud Versus Bandura on Human Aggression
The Trait Perspective on Personality
Focus on Neuroscience: Personality Traits and Patterns of Brain Activity
In Focus: Explaining Those Amazing Identical-Twin Similarities
Assessing Personality: Psychological Tests
Science Versus Pseudoscience: Graphology:
The "Write" Way to Assess Personality?
Closing Thoughts
Application: Possible Selves: Imagine the Possibilities

Chapter 12 Social Psychology
Prologue: The "Homeless" Man
Introduction: What Is Social Psychology?
Person Perception: Forming Impressions of Other People
Focus on Neuroscience: Brain Reward When Making Eye Contact with Attractive People
Attribution: Explaining Behavior
Culture and Human Behavior: Explaining Failure and Murder: Culture and Attributional Biases
The Social Psychology of Attitudes
Understanding Prejudice
Conformity: Following the Crowd
Obedience: Just Following Orders
Critical Thinking: Abuse at Abu Ghraib: Why Do Ordinary People Commit Evil Acts?
Helping Behavior: Coming to the Aid of Strangers The Influence of Groups on Individual Behavior Closing Thoughts
Application: The Persuasion Game

Chapter 13 Stress, Health, and Coping
Prologue: Katie’s Story
Introduction: What Is Stress?
Culture and Human Behavior: The Stress of Adapting to a New Culture
Physical Effects of Stress: The Mind-Body Connection
Focus on Neuroscience: The Mysterious Placebo Effect
Individual Factors That Influence the Response to Stress
Critical Thinking: Do Personality Factors Cause Disease?
In Focus: Providing Effective Social Support
Coping: How People Deal with Stress In Focus: Gender Differences in Responding to Stress: "Tend and Befriend" or "Fight-or-Flight?"
Closing Thoughts
Application: Minimizing the Effects of Stress

Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders
Prologue: Behind the Steel Door
Introduction: Understanding Psychological Disorders
Critical Thinking: Are People with a Mental Illness as Violent as the Media Portray Them?
Anxiety Disorders: Intense Apprehension and Worry
Mood Disorders: Emotions Gone Awry
Critical Thinking: Does Smoking Cause Depression and Other Psychological Disorders?
Eating Disorders
Personality Disorders: Maladaptive Traits
The Dissociative Disorders: Fragmentation of the Self
Schizophrenia: A Different Reality
Focus on Neuroscience: The Hallucinating Brain
Culture and Human Behavior: Travel Advisory: The Jerusalem Syndrome
Focus on Neuroscience: Schizophrenia: A Wildfire in the Brain
Closing Thoughts
Application: Understanding and Helping to Prevent Suicide

Chapter 15 Therapies
Prologue: "A Clear Sense of Being Heard…"
Introduction: Psychotherapy and Biomedical Therapy
Psychoanalytic Therapy
Humanistic Therapy
Behavior Therapy
In Focus: Using Virtual Reality to Conquer Phobias
Cognitive Therapies
Group and Family Therapy
In Focus: Self-Help Groups: Helping Yourself by Helping Others
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Psychotherapy
Science Versus Pseudoscience: EMDR: Can You Wave Your Fears Away?
Culture and Human Behavior: Cultural Values and Psychotherapy
Biomedical Therapies
Focus on Neuroscience: Comparing Psychotherapy and Antidepressant Medication
Closing Thoughts
Application: What to Expect in Psychotherapy

Appendixes
Appendix A: Statistics: Understanding Statistics
Prologue: The Tables Are Turned: A Psychologist
Becomes a Research Subject
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
Endnote

Appendix B: Industrial/Organizational Psychology
What Is Industrial/Organization Psychology?
Work Settings, Type of Training, and Employment Outlook
Box B.1: Name, Title, Generation
Personnel Psychology
Organizational Behavior
Box B.2: Servant Leadership: When It’s Not All About You
Workplace Trends and Issues

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Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews
  • Posted February 25, 2013

    more from this reviewer

    Psychology, a revealing textbook

    For the beginning psychology students, this is an excellent book. More than that, I found it very revealing. It’s more than just perfunctory methods, chronological histories of the science, or other “how to’s” of the vocation. For this book is an interesting mix of these and professional as well as personal revelations. For example, there were a many occasions that the momentum of studying was interrupted with reflective pause regarding my own life experiences such as: “This is very familiar” or “I remember this.” The Hockenbury’s excellent research reveals many controversies in the science as well. Dr. Sigmund Freud most notably, whose students grew to disagree with his methods. That psychology is an ever evolving and controversial science is emphasized in every chapter. Especially the many “Science versus Pseudoscience” sections that reveals scams such as, memory enhancing herbs and many good-intentioned but false beliefs such as Phrenology. This arms the would-be patient with knowledge to make a better choice; the would-be psychologist or psychiatrist with a necessary foundation of professional ethics; and the student with a rewarding array of knowledge to augment his or hers studying for many subjects especially the memory chapter methods which is a constant work-in-progress for me. My only regret is not reading this book and taking the related course at the beginning of my college education instead of at the end to meet required degree requirements. I highly recommend this for the beginning student (and anyone) no matter what the chosen field. In my opinion this subject/book enriches as well as teaches.

    This was only available as a rental for the eBook version from B&N. I have not been able to successfully use the buy option offered at the end of the rental period. I would definitely enjoy owner ship of this title. ISBN-13: 978-1-4292-4367-4

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted February 24, 2013

    Psychology, a revealing textbook

    For the beginning psychology students, this is an excellent book. More than that, I found it very revealing. It’s more than just perfunctory methods, chronological histories of the science, or other “how to’s” of the vocation. For this book is an interesting mix of these and professional as well as personal revelations. For example, there were a many occasions that the momentum of studying was interrupted with reflective pause regarding my own life experiences such as: “This is very familiar” or “I remember this.” The Hockenbury’s excellent research reveals many controversies in the science as well. Dr. Sigmund Freud most notably, whose students grew to disagree with his methods. That psychology is an ever evolving and controversial science is emphasized in every chapter. Especially the many “Science versus Pseudoscience” sections that reveals scams such as, memory enhancing herbs and many good-intentioned but false beliefs such as Phrenology. This arms the would-be patient with knowledge to make a better choice; the would-be psychologist or psychiatrist with a necessary foundation of professional ethics; and the student with a rewarding array of knowledge to augment his or hers studying for many subjects especially the memory chapter methods which is a constant work-in-progress for me. My only regret is not reading this book and taking the related course at the beginning of my college education instead of at the end to meet required degree requirements. I highly recommend this for the beginning student (and anyone) no matter what the chosen field. In my opinion this subject/book enriches as well as teaches.

    This was only available as a rental for the eBook version from B&N. I have not been able to successfully use the buy option offered at the end of the rental period. I would definitely enjoy owner ship of this title. ISBN-13: 978-1-4292-4367-4

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews

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