Psychology: Mind, Brain, & Culture / Edition 1

Psychology: Mind, Brain, & Culture / Edition 1

by Drew Westen, Drew Weston
     
 

ISBN-10: 0471054119

ISBN-13: 9780471054115

Pub. Date: 10/20/1995

Publisher: Wiley

A compelling account of the different perspectives psychologists take in understanding psychological phenomena. Considers the biological basis of psychology and the role of culture in shaping fundamental psychological processes. Integrates concepts and findings from biopsychology and neuroscience, discussing such issues as the way damage to the brain can alter

Overview

A compelling account of the different perspectives psychologists take in understanding psychological phenomena. Considers the biological basis of psychology and the role of culture in shaping fundamental psychological processes. Integrates concepts and findings from biopsychology and neuroscience, discussing such issues as the way damage to the brain can alter personality. Features ethnographic examples and cross-cultural studies to explore psychological phenomena in other cultures, with implications for their universality.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780471054115
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
10/20/1995
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
896
Product dimensions:
8.70(w) x 11.18(h) x 1.34(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Psychology: The Study of Mental Processes and Behavior1
The Boundaries and Borders of Psychology3
Perspectives in Psychology9
Central Questions: Facts, Theories, and Perspectives in Psychology25
Chapter 2Research Methods in Psychology27
Characteristics of Good Psychological Research29
Experimental Research35
Descriptive Research41
Correlational Research44
How to Evaluate a Study Critically49
Central Questions: How Do We Know When We Know Something?52
Supplement: Statistical Principles in Psychological Research55
Summarizing the Data: Descriptive Statistics55
Testing the Hypothesis: Inferential Statistics58
Central Questions: What Does It Mean to Say That a Finding Is "Significant"?61
Chapter 3Biological Bases of Mental Life and Behavior64
Neurons: Basic Units of the Nervous System66
The Endocrine System74
The Peripheral Nervous System75
The Central Nervous System78
Brain, Gene, Behavior96
Central Questions: Brain-Behavior Relationships98
Chapter 4Sensation and Perception101
Basic Principles104
Sensing the Environment105
Vision112
Hearing124
Other Senses130
Perception139
Central Questions: Physical Reality and Psychological Reality156
Chapter 5Learning159
Classical Conditioning162
Operant Conditioning171
Cognitive-Social Theory184
Central Questions: What Have We Learned About Learning?190
Chapter 6Memory193
Memory and Information Processing195
Working Memory201
Varieties of Long-Term Memory206
Encoding and Organization of Long-Term Memory213
Remembering, Misremembering, and Forgetting223
Central Questions: What Is Memory?229
Chapter 7Thought and Language233
Units of Thought235
Reasoning, Problem Solving, and Decision Making242
Implicit and Everyday Thinking249
Language259
Language Development266
Central Questions: What Is So Rational about Reason?274
Chapter 8Intelligence277
The Nature of Intelligence279
Intelligence Testing281
Approaches to Intelligence288
Heredity and Intelligence294
Central Questions: What Is Intelligence and How Can We Measure It?300
Chapter 9Consciousness302
The Nature of Consciousness303
Perspectives on Consciousness307
Sleep and Dreaming315
Altered States of Consciousness323
Central Questions: Perspectives on Consciousness331
Chapter 10Motivation334
Perspectives on Motivation336
Eating347
Sexual Motivation355
Psychosocial Motives361
Central Questions: The Nature and Causes of Human Motives365
Chapter 11Emotion, Stress, and Coping367
Emotion368
Stress388
Coping396
Central Questions: Thinking about Feeling399
Chapter 12Personality402
Psychodynamic Theories404
Cognitive-Social Theories416
Trait Theories421
Humanistic Theories430
Personality and Culture433
Central Questions: What Are the Elements of Personality, and How Stable Are They?436
Chapter 13Physical and Cognitive Development439
Central Questions in Developmental Psychology441
Studying Development444
Physical Development and Its Psychological Consequences445
Cognitive Development in Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence452
Cognitive Development and Change in Adulthood465
Central Questions: The Nature of Development470
Chapter 14Social Development473
Attachment475
Socialization482
Peer Relationships487
Development of Social Cognition490
Moral Development498
Social Development Across the Life Span506
Central Questions: Nature and Nurture, Cognition and Emotion512
Chapter 15Psychological Disorders515
The Cultural Context of Psychopathology516
Contemporary Approaches to Psychopathology519
Descriptive Diagnosis: DSM-IV and Psychological Syndromes526
Central Questions: When Nurture Becomes Nature555
Chapter 16Treatment of Psychological Disorders558
Psychodynamic Therapies560
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies565
Humanistic, Group, and Family Therapies571
Biological Treatments578
Evaluating Psychological Treatments584
Central Questions: What Works for Whom?588
Chapter 17Attitudes and Social Cognition591
Attitudes593
Social Cognition603
The Self617
Central Questions: Social and Nonsocial Cognition622
Chapter 18Interpersonal Processes625
Relationships627
Altruism635
Aggression639
Social Influence646
Central Questions: Individuals, Groups, and the Nature of Human Nature654
Glossary1
References1
Photo Credits1
Text and Illustration Credits3
Name Index1
Subject Index16

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