Psychology for Living: Adjustment, Growth, and Behavior / Edition 10

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Overview

Psychology for Living is designed for students interested in applying psychological insights and principles to their own lives as a way of achieving a better understanding of themselves and how to more effectively respond to the challenges of living. Drawing material from the major perspectives of psychology, including the psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and humanistic viewpoints, the goal of the text is based firmly on increasing readers’ understanding as well as their knowledge about personal adjustment, in order that they may continue learning and growing on their own.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205790364
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 6/18/2010
  • Series: MyPsychKit Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 10
  • Pages: 504
  • Product dimensions: 7.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Karen Duffy is a Distinguished Service Professor–emerita, at the State University of New York College at Geneseo. She received her Ph.D. in social and personality psychology from Michigan State University. Dr. Duffy served as a family mediator for the New York Unified Court System. She has also served on the executive committee and as the chief instructor for the training insti-tute for the New York State Employee Assistance Program (EAP), as well as on the board of di-rectors for a shelter for domestic violence and on an educational committee for a family planning agency. She has consulted to a variety of work settings on stress management, EAPs, and other work issues. She is a member of the American Psychological Society. Dr. Duffy has written sev-eral other books, including Community Mediation: A Handbook for Practitioners and Research-ers and Community Psychology. She also edits several hard-copy and web-based annual editions for another publisher, on topics including psychology of personality, social psychology, intro-ductory psychology, and adjustment. She has held two Fulbright Fellowships to St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia. While in Russia, she worked with AIDS International, several children’s shelters, and other community agencies. More recently, she completed a hu-manitarian aid trip to Mongolia.

Steven J. Kirsh is a Professor of Psychology at The State University of New York at Geneseo. Dr. Kirsh’s primary areas of research focus on the influence of violent media on emo-tion recognition and social information processing. He has published Children, Adolescents, and Media Violence: A Critical Look at the Research (2006) and Media and Youth: A Developmental Perspective (2010) as well as numerous scientific articles and book chapters.

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Table of Contents

Brief Contents

1. Self-Direction in a Changing World

2. The Puzzle of Childhood

3. Affirmative Aging — Adulthood

4. Seeking Selfhood

5. Toward Better Health

6. Taking Charge

7. Managing Motives and Emotions

8. Making and Keeping Friends

9. Leader or Follower?

10. At Work and Play

11. Sexuality

12. Love and Commitment

13. Stress

14. Understanding Mental Disorders

15. If You Go for Help

16. Good Grief and Death


Full Table of Contents

Part 1 - Introduction

1. Self-Direction in a Changing World

Social Change

Living in a Technological World

Living with Other Social Changes

How Certain Is Our Future

The Challenge of Self-Direction

Self-Direction and Society

The Ambiguity of Personal Freedom

Taking Charge of Our Lives

Living in Today's Individualized Society

Themes of Personal Growth

Living With Contradictions and Uncertainty

Continuity and Change

The Experience of Personal Growth

Beyond Individualism

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

Part 2 - Becoming

2. The Journey Begins — Childhood

Perspectives on Child Development

The Biological Perspective on Child Development

Nature versus Nurture - An Old Debate

A Newer Approach

Applying It to Yourself

The Psychodynamic Perspective on Child Development

Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Environment

Development of Personality

The Structure of Personality

Personality Dynamics

Modifications

Applying It to Yourself

The Social-Cognitive Perspective on Child Development

Social Learning Theories

Recent Additions:

Cognition and Behavior

Applying It to Yourself

The Humanistic Perspective on Development

The Phenomenal Self

Self-Actualization

Applying It to Yourself

Conclusion

Developmental Challenges in Childhood

Temperament

Self-Recognition and Self-Concept

Attachment

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

3. Affirmative Aging — Adulthood

Adult Development

Decisions, Decisions, Decisions - Early Adulthood

Leaving Home

Choosing a Career

Establishing Close Relationships

Starting a Family

Same Old, Same Old? - Middle Adulthood

Midlife Transition or Midlife Crisis?

Physical and Cognitive Changes

Possible Career Changes

Sexual Changes

Aging Gracefully - Late Adulthood

Physical and Cognitive Changes

Personal and Social Adjustment

Retirement

Successful Aging

Summary

Answers to Aging Quiz

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

Part 3 - Better Than Ever

4. Seeking Selfhood

What is the Self-Concept

Self-Image

Ideal self

Multiple Selves

Core Characteristics of Self-Concept

Self-Consistency

Self-Esteem

Self-Enhancement and Self-Verification

The Self-Concept and Personal Growth

The Self You'd Like to Be

Our Social Selves

Learning from Criticism

Greater Self-Direction

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

5. Toward Better Health

Body Image

How We Feel About Our Bodies

Our Ideal Body

Psychological Factors and Physical Illness

The Immune System

Personality

Lifestyle Choices

Environmental Issues

Coping with Illness

Noticing and Interpreting Symptoms

Seeking Help

Adhering to Treatment

Promoting Wellness

Taking Charge of Your Own Health

Eating Sensibly

Getting Enough Sleep

Keeping Physically Fit

Finding Social Support

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

6. Taking Charge

Mastery and Personal Control

Perceived Control

Consequences of Perceived Control

Misperception and Maladjustment

Learned Optimism

Personal Resolve and Decision Making

The Process of Decision Making

Making Better Decisions

Decisions and Personal Growth

Identifying the Basic Decisions in Your Life

Making New Decisions

Some Practical Applications

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

7. Managing Motives and Emotions

Understanding Motivation

Understanding Your Needs

Differences between You and Others

Everyone's Basic Needs

Psychosocial Motives

Personal Motivation

Understanding Emotions

What are Emotions?

Experiencing Emotions

Expressing Emotions

Managing Emotions

Special Emotions

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

Part 4 - Being Social

8. Making and Keeping Friends

Meeting People

Are First Impressions Most Important?

Mistaken Impressions

Shyness

Keeping Friends

Friendships are Precious

When Friends Get Together

Self-Disclosure - Those Little Secrets

Same-Sex, Opposite-Sex Friends

Staying Friends

Loneliness

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

9. Leader or Follower?

Kinds of Groups

Favored Groups - Primary Groups

Bigger than Both of Us - Secondary Groups

What Goes Wrong at Rock Concerts? - Collectives

"Us" Versus "Them" - In-Groups and Out-Groups

How Do Groups Form?

Why Join a Group?

What Goes on in Groups?

What Did You Say? - Communication Patterns

You Want Me to Do What? - Social Influence

Let the Other Guy Do It - Social Loafing

All in Favor Say "Aye" - Group Polarization

Are Leaders Made or Born?

The Great Man Theory

Situational Explanations of Leadership

Contingency Theory

Contemporary Theories

Gender and Leadership

Culture and Leadership

When Groups Go Wrong

The Fiasco of Groupthink

A Little Shove Goes a Long Way - Group Conflict

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

10. At Work and Play

Choosing Your Career

Taking Stock of Yourself

Identifying Compatible Careers

Arriving at Your Career Decision

Preparing for Your Career

Your Career Outlook

Forecasting Your Career's Growth

Changing Jobs or Careers

Contemporary Issues in the World of Work

Job Satisfaction

Technology and Work

Diversity in the Workplace

Leisure Time

What is Leisure?

Work and Leisure

Using Leisure Positively

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

Part 5 - Being Intimate

11. Sexuality

Men and Women

Changing Views of Sexuality

Sexual Communication

Initiating and Refusing Sex

Sexual Responsiveness

The Sexual Response Cycle

Individual Differences

Love and Sex

Practical Issues

Sexual Dysfunctions

Contraception

Sexual Transmitted Diseases

Sexual Victimization

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

12. Love and Commitment

Love and Intimacy

The Ingredients of Love

Love and Close Relationships

Commitment

Cohabitation

Marriage and Other Committed Relationships

Adjusting to Intimate Relationships

Sharing Responsibilities

Communication and Conflict

Making the Relationship Better

Sexuality

Changes over Time

Divorce and Its Consequences

The Divorce Experience

Single-Parent Families

Remarriage

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

Part 6 - Facing Challenges

13. Stress

Oh No! - Understanding Stress

Conceptualizing Stress

Stress and You

Yikes! - Reactions to Stress

Physiological Stress Reactions

Psychological Stress Reactions

How Do You React to Stress?

Phew! - Managing Stress

Modifying Your Environment

Altering Your Lifestyle

Using Stress for Personal Growth

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

14. Understanding Mental Disorders

Psychological Disorders

What Are Psychological Disorders?

How common are Psychological Disorders?

How are Disorders Classified?

Anxiety Disorders: The Most Common Disorder

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Phobias: Fear of Something That Won't Really Hurt

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: The Doubting Disease

Trauma and Disaster

Mood Disorders

What is Depression?

Suicide: Who and Why?

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Other Common Disorders

Do You Have an Eating Disorder?

What are Personality Disorders?

Schizophrenia - The Enigmatic Disorder

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

15. If You Go for Help

Insight Therapies - The Talking Cure

Psychoanalysis

The Person-Centered Approach

A Variety of Approaches

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies

Behavioral Therapies

Cognitive Therapies

Status of Psychotherapy Today

Other Approaches to Treatment

Family, Couples, and Relationship Therapy

Biomedical Therapies

Community-Based Services

How Well Does Therapy Work

Finding Help

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

16. Good Grief and Death.

Death and Dying

Risks of Dying

Awareness of Death

Near-Death Experiences

The Experience of Dying

Bereavement and Grief

Grief Work

Unresolved Grief

Good Grief

Life and Death in Perspective

The Right to Die

A Natural Death

Funerals and Other Services

Death and Growth

Summary

Self-Test

Exercises

Questions for Self-Reflection

For Further Information

Answers to Self-Tests

Glossary

References

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