Psychology of Behaviour at Work: The Individual in the Organisation / Edition 2

Psychology of Behaviour at Work: The Individual in the Organisation / Edition 2

by Adrian Furnham
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1841695033

ISBN-13: 9781841695037

Pub. Date: 11/28/2005

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This superb introduction to the field of organizational psychology and organizational behaviour builds on the foundation of the highly successful first edition to provide up-to-date explanations of all the key topics in a clear, coherent and accessible style. The text is supported by numerous illustrations and examples as well as end-of-chapter summaries and

Overview

This superb introduction to the field of organizational psychology and organizational behaviour builds on the foundation of the highly successful first edition to provide up-to-date explanations of all the key topics in a clear, coherent and accessible style. The text is supported by numerous illustrations and examples as well as end-of-chapter summaries and concluding remarks. Topic sections on key research studies, as well as applied aspects such as human resources applications and cross-cultural issues, lead the reader through the complexities of the theory to its practical application.

The Psychology of Behaviour at Work covers all major topics in the field, from vocational choice, personality, attitudes, motivation and stress, to cooperation, learning, training, group dynamics, decision making and leadership. Further sections introduce corporate culture and climate, as well as organisational structure, change and development, and a final section outlines predictions not only for the future study of organizational psychology, but of the future of work itself.

As with the first edition, The Psychology of Behaviour at Work will prove to be an invaluable resource for psychology students on work and organizational psychology courses, business students on organizational behaviour courses, and human resources managers eager to expand their knowledge of this fascinating field.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781841695037
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
11/28/2005
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
848
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.80(h) x 1.80(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
1Introduction1
What is organizational or work psychology?1
Assumptions and premises of work psychology6
What do work psychologists do?7
Professional accreditation8
What, then, is an organization?15
Terminological differences17
Management science, work psychology and common sense21
Knowledge about occupational psychology25
Evolutionary psychology in business33
Theories, laws and models in work psychology36
The direction of causality39
Conclusion51
2The history of organizational psychology and the study of work psychology61
Introduction61
Different approaches to historical understanding64
Models of man approach to work psychology66
The great thinker perspective69
The time-band perspective84
The school of thought perspective88
The seminal study approach94
Integrating the different perspectives98
Conclusion99
3Vocational choice, organizational selection and socialization107
Introduction107
Vocational choice and guidance108
Career typology111
Theories in vocational psychology112
Recruitment116
Person-job fit116
Expectancy theory and occupational choice126
Personnel selection129
Job analysis131
Organizational choice143
Organizational socialization144
Conclusion148
4Personality and individual differences159
Introduction159
Six approaches to personality and individual differences at work163
Personality testing at work170
Trait theories of organizational behaviour171
The concepts of style and preference188
The biodata method196
Intelligence at work204
Self-esteem at work211
Why personality traits may not predict behaviour at work213
Conclusion216
5Work-related attitudes, values and perceptions231
Introduction231
Do work attitudes predict behaviour at work?231
The theories of reasoned action and planned behaviour233
Work-related belief systems239
Social values and work257
Perceiving others at work261
Conclusion269
6Work motivation and satisfaction277
Introduction277
The motivation to work280
Compensation, money and pay281
Personality and motivation285
Need theories286
Equity theories294
Value theories300
Reinforcement theories302
Expectancy theories306
Job facet theory and quality of working life313
Attributional style315
Comparison and integration of the different theories317
Motivation-enhancing techniques320
Work-related locus of control322
Measuring job motivation and involvement327
Work satisfaction329
Theories of the causes of job satisfaction331
Job satisfaction and life satisfaction332
Measuring job satisfaction339
Current issues339
7Stress at work354
Introduction354
Theories and models in stress research358
Occupational stress363
The cause of stress365
The consequences of stress372
Health and safety at work375
The psychology of absenteeism376
Accident proneness379
Conclusion384
8Cooperation, power and ethical behaviour in organizations394
Introduction394
Cooperation in organizations397
Conflict in organizations401
The conflict process402
Causes of conflict408
Structural solutions410
Conflict management411
Power and influence in organizations412
Organizational politics416
Group power419
Business ethics422
Conclusion428
9Learning and training at work435
Introduction435
Education versus training439
Management literacy441
Theories of learning443
Observational learning: learning by modelling others445
Punishing and disciplining undesirable behaviour448
Current trends in training449
Developing a training strategy455
Motivating trainees458
Learning styles459
Training needs461
Measuring the effectiveness of training464
Conclusion468
10Group dynamics477
Introduction477
What is a group?478
Group development481
Formal and informal groups483
Group characteristics485
The characteristics of an effective workgroup494
Teamwork496
Group diversity497
Individuals, teams and occupational success499
Benefits and drawbacks of working in groups505
Intergroup behaviour510
Women at work514
Diversity and discrimination at work515
Conclusion516
11Decision-making525
Introduction525
Personal decision style531
How "rational" are human beings?534
Behavioural economics and money decisions541
Individual versus group decision-making543
Brainstorming545
Techniques to improve decision-making550
Group-think553
Group polarization when taking risky decisions556
Conclusion558
12Leadership566
Introduction566
A historical review of approaches to leadership570
Followership and mutual influence593
Networking, negotiating and enabling595
Conclusion597
13Culture at work608
Introduction608
Whence national differences?610
Corporate culture613
The problem of definition615
Dimensions, factors and other distinctions618
Classifying and categorizing culture620
The major impact of corporate culture on organizations626
Cultural dimensions and international management631
Assessing and measuring corporate culture632
Corporate climate635
The causes and consequences of climate639
Measuring climate643
Conclusion646
14Organizational structure, change and development654
Introduction654
The uptake of innovation658
Teleworking659
Organizational charts661
Departmentalization666
Kinds of departments667
Centralization versus decentralization668
Big versus small: Over- versus understaffing671
The consequences of a poor structure672
Organizational change675
Factors associated with organizational change679
Characteristics of the change situation682
Reactions to change683
Organization development685
Assessment of change checklist690
Conclusion691
15Working abroad700
Introduction700
Types of expatriates701
Culture shock706
The U-curve hypothesis710
Preparing, selecting, training, evaluating and repatriating managers715
Reducing expatriate stress721
Globalization and international relocation724
Coping with job transfers730
Managing cross-culturally733
Considerations for successful relocation741
Conclusion742
16The future of work752
Introduction752
Optimism and pessimism754
Forecasting756
The changing nature of work760
Alternative work arrangements761
Forecasting the present: The view from 30 years ago765
Education and the future of work772
The limitations of past approaches773
The future of work psychology777
Conclusion778
Author Index787
Subject Index799

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