Psychology: Core Concepts with DSM-5 Update / Edition 7

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Where great science meets great teaching

Psychology: Core Concepts, 7/eprovides rich coverage of the foundational topics taught for introductory psychology. Each major section of every chapter is organized around a single concept, called a Core Concept. The Core Concepts allow readers to draw connections across the chapter and see the big picture of psychology. Learning is then reinforced through focused application and critical thinking activities. The 7th edition features an enhanced critical thinking emphasis, with new chapter-opening "Problems" and new end-of-chapter critical thinking applications that promote active learning.

MyPsychLab is an integral part of the Zimbardo / Johnson / McCann Hamilton program. Engaging activities and assessments provide a teaching and learning system that helps students think critically. With MyPsychLab, students can watch videos on psychological research and applications, participate in virtual classic experiments, and develop critical thinking skills through writing.

This title is available in a variety of formats - digital and print. Pearson offers its titles on the devices students love through Pearson's MyLab products, CourseSmart, Amazon, and more. To learn more about pricing options and customization, click the Choices tab.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205979578
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 12/20/2013
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 744
  • Sales rank: 98,611
  • Product dimensions: 8.90 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Philip Zimbardo

Philip Zimbardo is internationally recognized as the “voice and face of contemporary American psychology” through his widely seen PBS-TV series, Discovering Psychology, his classic research, The Stanford Prison Experiment, authoring the oldest current textbook in psychology, Psychology and Life, in its 18th Edition, and his popular trade books on Shyness in adults and in children; Shyness: What it is, what to do about it, and The Shy Child. Past president of the American Psychological Association, and the Western Psychological Association.

Zimbardo has been a Stanford University professor since 1968 (now an Emeritus Professor), having taught previously at Yale, NYU, and Columbia University. He is currently on the faculty of the Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, and the Naval Postgraduate School at Monterey, CA. He has been given numerous awards and honors as an educator, researcher, writer, and service to the profession. Recently, he was awarded the Vaclav Havel Foundation Prize for his lifetime of research on the human condition. His more than 300 professional publications and 50 books convey his research interests in the domain of social psychology, with a broad spread of interests from shyness to time perspective, madness, cults, political psychology, torture, terrorism, and evil.

Zimbardo has served also as the Chair of the Council of Scientific Society Presidents (CSSP) representing 63 scientific, math and technical associations (with 1.5 million members), and now is Chair of the Western Psychological Foundation. He heads a philanthropic foundation in his name to promote student education in his ancestral Sicilian towns. Zimbardo adds further to his retirement list activities: serving as the new executive director of a Stanford center on terrorism -- the Center for Interdisciplinary Policy, Education, and Research on Terrorism (CIPERT). He was an expert witness for one of the soldiers in the Abu Ghraib Prison abuses, and has studied the interrogation procedures used by the military in that and other prisons as well as by Greek and Brazilian police torturers.

Noted for his personal and professional efforts to actually 'give psychology away to the public', Zimbardo has also been a social-political activist, challenging the U.S. Government's wars in Vietnam and Iraq, as well as the American Correctional System.

His new book has been a New York Times bestseller: THE LUCIFER EFFECT: UNDERSTANDING HOW GOOD PEOPLE TURN EVIL (Random House, 2007; see

Robert L. Johnson

Robert Johnson, Ph.D., taught introductory psychology for 28 years at Umpqua Community College. He is especially interested in applying psychological principles to the teaching of psychology and in encouraging linkages between psychology and other disciplines. In keeping with those interests, Bob founded the Pacific Northwest Great Teachers Seminar, of which he was the director for 20 years. He was also one of the founders of Psychology Teachers at Community Colleges (PT@CC), serving as its executive committee chair during 2004. That same year he also received the Two-Year College Teaching Award given by the Society for the Teaching of Psychology. Bob has long been active in APA, APS, the Western Psychological Association, and the Council of Teachers of Undergraduate Psychology.

Aside from his contributions as coauthor of Psychology: Core Concepts, Bob is particularly proud of his articles in Teaching of Psychology. Recently he began a term as editor of The General Psychologist, the newsletter of the Society for General Psychology (Division 1 of APA). And, he is working on a book that brings to light what Shakespeare had to say about psychology.

Bob and his wife live on the North Umpqua River in Southern Oregon, where they can go kayaking in their front yard or bicycling in the valleys of the Cascade Mountains. In his spare time he likes making pottery and Thai curries.

Vivian McCann

Vivian McCann, a senior faculty member in Psychology at Portland Community College in Portland, Oregon, teaches a wide variety of courses, including introductory psychology, human relations, intimate relationships, and social psychology. Born and raised in the California desert just 10 miles from the Mexican border, she learned early on the importance of understanding cultural backgrounds and values in effective communication and in teaching, which laid the foundation for her current interest in teaching and learning psychology from diverse cultural perspectives. She loves to travel and learn about people and cultures, and to nurture the same passions in her students: She has led groups of students on three trips abroad, and in her own travels has visited 20 countries so far.

Vivian maintains a strong commitment to teaching excellence, and has developed and taught numerous workshops in that area. She currently serves on the APA’s Committee for Psychology Teachers at Community Colleges (PT@CC), and is an active member of the Western Psychological Association and APS. She is also the author of Human Relations: The Art and Science of Building Effective Relationships.

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Table of Contents





Chapter 1: Mind, Behavior, and Psychological Science

Chapter 2: Biopsychology, Neuroscience, and Human Nature

Chapter 3: Sensation and Perception

Chapter 4: Learning and Human Nature

Chapter 5: Memory

Chapter 6: Thinking and Human Intelligence

Chapter 7: Development over the Lifespan

Chapter 8: States of Consciousness

Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion

Chapter 10: Personality: Theories of the Whole Person

Chapter 11: Social Psychology

Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders

Chapter 13: Therapies for Psychological Disorders

Chapter 14: Stress, Health, and Well-Being


Chapter 1: Mind, Behavior, and Psychological Science

1.1 What Is Psychology – And What Is It Not?

Psychology: It’s More than You Think

Psychology Is Not Psychiatry

Thinking Critically about Psychology and Pseudopsychology

Psychology Matters: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

1.3 What Are Psychology’s Six Main Perspectives?

Separation of Mind and Body and the Modern Biological Perspective

The Founding of Scientific Psychology and the Modern Cognitive Perspective

The Behavioral Perspective: Focusing on Observable Behavior

The Whole-Person Perspectives: Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Trait and Temperament

The Developmental Perspective: Changes Arising from Nature and Nurture

The Sociocultural Perspective: The Individual in Context

The Changing Face of Psychology

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Psychology as a Major

1.2 How Do Psychologists Develop New Knowledge?

Four Steps in the Scientific Method

Five Types of Psychological Research

Controlling Biases in Psychological Research

Ethical Issues in Psychological Research

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: The Perils of Pseudopsychology

Critical Thinking Applied: Facilitated Communication

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 2: Biopsychology, Neuroscience, and Human Nature

2.1 How Are Genes and Behavior Linked?

Evolution and Natural Selection

Genetics and Inheritance

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Choosing Your Children’s Genes

2.2 How Does the Body Communicate Internally?

The Neuron: Building Block of the Nervous System

The Nervous System

The Endocrine System

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: How Psychoactive Drugs Affect the Nervous System

2.3 How Does the Brain Produce Behavior and Mental Processes?

Windows on the Brain

Three Layers of the Brain

Lobes of the Cerebral Cortex

Cerebral Dominance

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

Critical Thinking Applied: Left Brain vs. Right Brain

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 4: Learning and Human Nurture

4.1 What Sort of Learning Does Classical Conditioning Explain?

The Essentials of Classical Conditioning

Applications of Classical Conditioning

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Taste Aversions and Chemotherapy

4.2 How Do We Learn New Behaviors by Operant Conditioning?

Skinner’s Radical Behaviorism

The Power of Reinforcement

The Problem of Punishment

A Checklist for Modifying Operant Behavior

Operant and Classical Conditioning Compared

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

4.3 How Does Cognitive Psychology Explain Learning?

Insight Learning: Köhler in the Canaries with the Chimps

Cognitive Maps: Tolman Finds out What’s on a Rat’s Mind

Observational Learning: Bandura’s Challenge to Behaviorism

Rethinking Behavioral Learning in Cognitive Terms

Brain Mechanisms and Learning

“Higher” Cognitive Learning

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Fear of Flying Revisited

Critical Thinking Applied: Do Different People Have Different “Learning Styles”?

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 5: Memory

5.1 What Is Memory?

Metaphors for Memory

Memory’s Three Basic Tasks

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Would You Want a “Photographic” Memory?

5.2 How Do We Form Memories?

The First Stage: Sensory Memory

The Second Stage: Working Memory

The Third Stage: Long-Term Memory

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: “Flashbulb” Memories: Where Were You When…?

5.3 How Do We Retrieve Memories?

Implicit and Explicit Memory

Retrieval Cues

Other Factors Affecting Retrieval

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: On the Tip of Your Tongue

5.4 Why Does Memory Sometimes Fail Us?

Transience: Fading Memories Cause Forgetting

Absent-Mindedness: Lapses of Attention Cause Forgetting

Blocking: Access Problems

Misattribution: Memories in the Wrong Context

Suggestibility: External Cues Distort or Create Memories

Bias: Beliefs, Attitudes, and Opinions Distort Memories

Persistence: When We Can’t Forget

The Advantages of the “Seven Sins” of Memory

Improving Your Memory with Mnemonics

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

Critical Thinking Applied: The Recovered Memory Controversy

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 6: Thinking and Intelligence

6.1 What Are the Components of Thought?


Imagery and Cognitive Maps

Thought and the Brain

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Schemas and Scripts Help You Know What to Expect

6.2 What Abilities Do Good Thinkers Possess?

Problem Solving

Judging and Making Decisions

On Becoming a Creative Genius

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

6.3 How Is Intelligence Measured?

Binet and Simon Invent a School Abilities Test

American Psychologists Borrow Binet and Simon’s Idea

Problems with the IQ Formula

Calculating IQs “on the Curve”

IQ Testing Today

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: What Can You Do for an Exceptional Child?

6.4 Is Intelligence One or Many Abilities?

Psychometric Theories of Intelligence

Cognitive Theories of Intelligence

Cultural Definitions of Intelligence

Animals Can Be Intelligent–But Do They Think?

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Test Scores and the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

6.5 How Do Psychologists Explain IQ Differences Among Groups?

Intelligence and the Politics of Immigration

What Evidence Shows That Intelligence Is Influenced by Heredity?

What Evidence Shows That Intelligence is Influenced by Environment?

Heritability (Not Heredity) and Group Differences


Critical Thinking Applied: The Question of Gender Differences

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 7: Development Over the Lifespan

7.1 What Innate Abilities Does the Infant Possess?

Prenatal Development

The Neonatal Period: Abilities of the Newborn Child

Infancy: Building on the Neonatal Blueprint

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Not Just Fun and Games: The Role of Child’s Play in Life Success

7.2 What are the Developmental Tasks of Childhood?

How Children Acquire Language

Cognitive Development: Piaget’s Theory

Social and Emotional Development


7.3 What Changes Mark the Transition of Adolescence?

Adolescence and Culture

Physical Maturation in Adolescence

Adolescent Sexuality

Neural and Cognitive Development in Adolescence

Moral Development: Kohlberg’s Theory

Social and Emotional Issues in Adolescence

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

7.4 What Developmental Challenges Do Adults Face?

Early Adulthood: Explorations, Autonomy, and Intimacy

The Challenges of Midlife: Complexity and Generativity

Late Adulthood: The Age of Integrity

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: A Look Back at the Jim Twins and Your Own Development

Critical Thinking Applied: The Mozart Effect

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 8: States of Consciousness

8.1 How Is Consciousness Related to Other Mental Processes?

Tools for Studying Consciousness

Models of the Conscious and Nonconscious Minds

What Does Consciousness Do for Us?

Coma and Related States

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

8.2 What Cycles Occur in Everyday Consciousness?


Sleep: The Mysterious Third of Our Lives

Dreaming: The Pageants of the Night


8.3 What Other Forms Can Consciousness Take?



Psychoactive Drug States

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Dependence and Addiction

Critical Thinking Applied: The Unconscious–Reconsidered

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion

9.1 What Motivates Us?

Why People Work: McClelland’s Theory

The Unexpected Effects of Rewards on Motivation

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

9.2 How Are Our Motivational Priorities Determined?

Instinct Theory

Drive Theory

Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Putting It All Together: A New Hierarchy of Needs

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Determining What Motivates Others

9.3 Where Do Hunger and Sex Fit into the Motivational Hierarchy?

Hunger: A Homeostatic Drive and a Psychological Motive

The Problem of Will Power and Chocolate Cookies

Sexual Motivation: An Urge You Can Live Without

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: The What and Why of Sexual Orientation

9.4 How Do Our Emotions Motivate Us?

What Emotions Are Made Of

What Emotions Do for Us

Counting the Emotions

Cultural Universals in Emotional Expression

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Gender Differences in Emotion Depend on Both Biology and Culture

9.5 What Processes Control Our Emotions?

The Neuroscience of Emotion

Arousal, Performance, and the Inverted U

Theories of Emotion: Resolving Some Old Issues

How Much Conscious Control Do We Have over Our Emotions?

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Detecting Deception

Critical Thinking Applied: Do Lie Detectors Really Detect Lies?

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 10: Personality: Theories of the Whole Person

10.1 What Forces Shape Our Personalities?

Biology, Human Nature, and Personality

The Effects of Nurture: Personality and the Environment

The Effects of Nature: Dispositions and Mental Processes

Social and Cultural Contributions to Personality

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Explaining Unusual People and Unusual Behavior

10.2 What Persistent Patterns, or Dispositions, Make Up Our Personalities?

Personality and Temperament

Personality as a Composite of Traits


10.3 What Mental Processes Help Shape Our Personalities?

Psychodynamic Theories: Emphasis on Motivation and Mental Disorder

Humanistic Theories: Emphasis on Human Potential and Mental Health

Social-Cognitive Theories: Emphasis on Social Learning

Current Trends: The Person in a Social System

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

10.4 What “Theories” Do People Use to Understand Themselves and Others?

Implicit Personality Theories

Self-Narratives: The Stories of Our Lives

The Effects of Culture on Our Views of Personality

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: The Personality of Time

Critical Thinking Applied: The Person-Situation Controversy

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 11: Social Psychology

11.1 How Does the Social Situation Affect Our Behavior?

Social Standards of Behavior


Obedience to Authority

Cross-Cultural Tests of Milgram’s Research

Some Real-World Extensions of the Milgram Obedience to Authority Paradigm

The Bystander Problem: The Evil of Inaction

Need Help? Ask for It!

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: On Being “Shoe” at Yale U

11.2 Constructing Social Reality: What Influences Our Judgments of Others?

Interpersonal Attraction

Loving Relationships

Making Cognitive Attributions

Prejudice and Discrimination

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Stereotype Lift and Values Affirmations

11.3 How Do Systems Create Situations that Influence Behavior?

The Stanford Prison Experiment

Chains of System Command

Preventing Bullying by Systematic Changes and Reframing

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

Critical Thinking Applied: Is Terrorism “A Senseless Act of Violence, Perpetrated by Crazy Fanatics”?

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders

12.1 What Is Psychological Disorder?

Changing Concepts of Psychological Disorder

Indicators of Abnormality

A Caution to Readers

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: The Plea of Insanity

12.2 How Are Psychological Disorders Classified in the DSM-IV?

Overview of the DSM-IV Classification System

Mood Disorders

Anxiety Disorders

Somatoform Disorders

Dissociative Disorders


Developmental Disorders

Personality Disorders

Adjustment Disorders and Other Conditions: The Biggest Category of Them All

Gender Differences in Mental Disorders


12.3 What Are the Consequences of Labeling People?

Diagnostic Labels, Labeling, and Depersonalization

The Cultural Context of Psychological Disorder

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

Critical Thinking Applied: Insane Places Revisited—Another Look at the Rosenhan Study

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 13: Therapies for Psychological Disorders

13.1 What Is Therapy?

Entering Therapy

The Therapeutic Alliance and the Goals of Therapy

Therapy in Historical and Cultural Context

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Paraprofessionals Do Therapy, Too

13.2 How Do Psychologists Treat Psychological Disorders?

Insight Therapies

Behavior Therapies

Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy: A Synthesis

Evaluating the Psychological Therapies

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Where Do Most People Get Help?

13.3 How Is the Biomedical Approach Used to Treat Psychological Disorders?

Drug Therapy

Other Medical Therapies for Psychological Disorders

Hospitalization and the Alternatives

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: What Sort of Therapy Would You Recommend?

13.4 How Do the Psychological Therapies and Biomedical Therapies Compare?

Depression and Anxiety Disorders: Psychological versus Medical Treatment

Schizophrenia: Psychological versus Medical Treatment

"The Worried Well" and Other Problems: Not Everyone Needs Drugs

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

Critical Thinking Applied: Evidence-Based Practice

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

Chapter 14: From Stress to Health, and Well-Being

14.1 What Causes Distress?

Traumatic Stressors

Chronic Stressors


14.2 How Does Stress Affect Us Physically?

Physiological Responses to Stress

Stress and the Immune System

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Cognitive Appraisal of Ambiguous Threats

14.3 Who Is Most Vulnerable to Stress?

Type A Personality and Hostility

Locus of Control




PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

14.4 How Can We Transform Negative Stress into Positive Life Strategies?

Psychological Coping Strategies

Positive Lifestyle Choices: A “Two-for-One” Benefit to Your Health

Putting It All Together: Developing Happiness and Subjective Well-Being

PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Behavioral Medicine and Health Psychology

Critical Thinking Applied: Is Change Really Hazardous to Your Health?

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

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