Psychology : Science of Behavior - Study Guide

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EVERGREEN combines carefully crafted instruction, high-interest readings and student models, and plentiful practice exercises in a separate student workbook, to provide the most effective paragraph-to-essay-level Developmental Writing text on the market. The Ninth Edition includes expanded and revised coverage of writing essays, including an additional essay chapter and numerous additional student models. Photos enhance high-interest readings and promote critical viewing as well as critical thinking and clear writing.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781602298859
  • Publisher: BVT Publishing
  • Publication date: 4/28/2011
  • Edition description: Older Edition

Meet the Author

Susan Fawcett is a former professor of English and director of the writing lab at Bronx Community College, CUNY. She is the author of two leading writing textbooks, EVERGREEN and GRASSROOTS. In 2000, EVERGREEN won the McGuffey Prize for sustained excellence in a language and literature text, awarded by the Text and Academic Authors Association. Ms. Fawcett's poetry and nonfiction articles on education, health, and the environment have appeared in such magazines as _The Nation_, _Poetry_, _Ms._, _Woman's Day_, and _Ploughshares_. Her formal education took place at Ohio University, the University of London, and Columbia University, with the support of Fulbright and Woodrow Wilson fellowships. Through presentations in the U.S. and South Africa, she has worked to improve college writing instruction, and recently, to promote textbook authorship of minority faculty.

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Table of Contents

UNIT I: GETTING STARTED. 1. Exploring the Writing Process. The Writing Process. Subject, Audience, and Purpose. 2. Prewriting to Generate Ideas. Freewriting. Brainstorming. Clustering. Asking Questions. Keeping a Journal. UNIT II: DISCOVERING THE PARAGRAPH. 3. The Process of Writing Paragraphs. Defining and Looking at the Paragraph. Narrowing the Topic and Writing the Topic Sentence. Generating Ideas for the Body. Selecting and Dropping Ideas. Arranging Ideas in a Plan or an Outline. Writing and Revising the Paragraph. 4. Achieving Coherence. Coherence Through Order. Coherence Through Related Sentences. UNIT III: DEVELOPING THE PARAGRAPHS. 5. Illustration. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing an Illustration Paragraph. Suggested Topic Sentences for Illustration Paragraphs. 6. Narration. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Narrative Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Narrative Paragraphs. 7. Description. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Descriptive Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Descriptive Paragraphs. 8. Process. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Process Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Process Paragraphs. 9. Definition. Single-Sentence Definitions. The Definition Paragraph. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Definition Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Definition Paragraphs. 10. Comparison and Contrast. The Contrast and the Comparison Paragraphs. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Comparison or Contrast Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Contrast or Comparison Paragraphs. The Comparison and Contrast Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Comparison and Contrast Paragraphs. 11. Classification. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Classification Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Classification Paragraphs. 12. Cause and Effect. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Cause and Effect Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Cause and Effect Paragraphs. 13. Persuasion. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Persuasive Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Persuasive Paragraphs. UNIT IV: WRITING THE ESSAY. 14. The Process of Writing an Essay. Looking at the Essay. Writing the Thesis Statement. Generating Ideas for the Body. Organizing Ideas into an Outline. Ordering and Linking Paragraphs in the Essay. Writing and Revising Essays. Checklist: The Process of Writing an Essay. Suggested Topics for Essays. 15. The Introduction, the Conclusion, and the Title. The Introduction. The Conclusion. The Title. 16. Types of Essays I. The Illustration Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Illustration. Planning and Writing the Illustration Essay. The Narrative Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Narration. Planning and Writing the Narrative Essay. The Descriptive Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Description. Planning and Writing the Descriptive Essay. The Process Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Process. Planning and Writing the Process Essay. The Definition Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Definition. Planning and Writing the Definition Essay. 17. Types of Essays II. The Comparison and the Contrast Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Comparison Contrast. Planning and Writing the Comparison and the Contrast Essay. The Classification Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Classification. Planning and Writing the Classification Essay. The Cause and Effect Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Cause and Effect. Planning and Writing the Cause and Effect Essay. The Persuasive Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Persuasion. Planning and Writing the Persuasive Essay. 18. Summarizing, Quoting, and Avoiding Plagiarism. Avoiding Plagiarism. Writing a Summary. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Summary. Using Direct and Indirect Quotation. 19. Strengthening an Essay with Research. Improving an Essay with Research. Finding and Evaluating Outside Sources: Library and Internet. Adding Sources to Your Essay and Documenting Them Correctly. 20. Writing Under Pressure: The Essay Examination. Budgeting Your Time. Reading and Understanding the Essay Question. Choosing the Correct Paragraph or Essay Pattern. Writing the Topic Sentence or the Thesis Statement. Checklist: The Process of Answering an Essay Question. UNIT V: IMPROVING YOUR WRITING. 21. Revising for Consistency and Parallelism. Consistent Tense. Consistent Number and Person. Parallelism. 22. Revising for Sentence Variety. Mix Long and Short Sentences. Use a Question, a Command, or an Exclamation. Vary the Beginnings of Sentences. Vary Methods of Joining Ideas. Avoid Misplaced and Confusing Modifiers. Review and Practice. 23. Revising for Language Awareness. Exact Language: Avoiding Vagueness. Concise Language: Avoiding Wordiness. Fresh Language: Avoiding Triteness. Figurative Language: Similes and Metaphors. 24. Putting Your Revision Skills to Work. UNIT VI: REVIEWING THE BASICS. 25. The Simple Sentence. Defining and Spotting Subjects. Spotting Prepositional Phrases. Defining and Spotting Verbs. 26. Coordination and Subordination. Coordination. Subordination. Semicolons. Conjunctive Adverbs. Review. 27. Avoiding Sentence Errors. Avoiding Run-Ons and Comma Splices. Avoiding Fragments. 28. Present Tense (Agreement). Defining Subject-Verb Agreement. Three Troublesome Verbs in the Present Tense: To Be, To Have, To Do. Special Singular Constructions. Separation of Subject and Verb. Sentences Beginning with There and Here. Agreement in Questions. Agreement in Relative Clauses. 29. Past Tense. Regular Verbs in the Past Tense. Irregular Verbs in the Past Tense. A Troublesome Verb in the Past Tense: To Be. Troublesome Pairs in the Past Tense: Can/Could, Will/Would. 30. The Past Participle. Past Participles of Regular Verbs. Past Participles of Irregular Verbs. Using the Present Perfect Tense. Using the Past Perfect Tense. Using the Passive Voice (To Be and the Past Participle). Using the Past Participle as an Adjective. 31. Nouns. Defining Singular and Plural. Signal Words: Singular and Plural. Signal Words with of. 32. Pronouns. Defining Pronouns and Antecedents. Making Pronouns and Antecedents Agree. Referring to Antecedents Clearly. Special Problems of Case. Using Pronouns with -self and -selves. 33. Prepositions. Working with Prepositional Phrases. Prepositions in Common Expressions. 34. Adjectives and Adverbs. Defining and Using Adjectives and Adverbs. The Comparative and the Superlative. A Troublesome Pair: Good/Well. 35. The Apostrophe. The Apostrophe for Contractions. The Apostrophe for Ownership. Special Uses of the Apostrophe. 36. The Comma. Commas for Items in a Series. Commas with Introductory Phrases, Transitional Expressions, and Parentheticals. Commas for Appositives. Commas with Nonrestrictive and Restrictive Clauses. Commas for Dates and Addresses. Minor Uses of the Comma. 37. Mechanics. Capitalization. Titles. Direct Quotations. Minor Marks of Punctuation. 38. Putting Your Proofreading Skills to Work. UNIT VII: STRENGTHENING YOUR SPELLING. 39. Spelling. Suggestions for Improving Your Spelling. Computer Spell Checkers. Spotting Vowels and Consonants. Doubling the Final Consonant (in Words of One Syllable). Doubling the Final Consonant (in Words of More Than One Syllable). Dropping or Keeping the Final E. Changing or Keeping the Final Y. Adding -S or -ES. Choosing IE or EI. Spelling Lists. 40. Look-Alikes/Sound-Alikes. UNIT VIII: READING SELECTIONS. Reading Strategies for Writers. How Sunglasses Spanned the World. Hunger, Nilsa Mariano. The Flip Side of Internet Fame, Jessica Bennett. A Brother's Murder, Brent Staples. Dear Dads: Save Your Sons, Christopher N. Bacorn. Only Daughter, Sandra Cisneros. Good Grammar Gets the Girl, Elissa Englund. A Risk-Free Life, Leonard Pitts, Jr. When Greed Gives Way to Giving, Ana Veciana-Suarez. Two Ways to Belong in America, Bharati Mukherjee. Cell Yell: Thanks for (Not) Sharing, Eric A. Taub. Driving While Stupid, Dave Barry. Book War, Wang Ping. Four Types of Courage, Karen Castellucci Cox. On the Rez, Ian Frazier. Why the M Word Matters to Me, Andrew Sullivan. The Case for Torture, Michael Levin. Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self, Alice Walker. Quotation Bank. Appendix: Some Guidelines for Students of English as a Second Language. Acknowledgements. Index. Rhetorical Index.

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