Psychology (With Ethics & Religion)

Psychology (With Ethics & Religion)

by Richard Sorabji

ISBN-10: 0801489873

ISBN-13: 9780801489877

Pub. Date: 03/15/2005

Publisher: Cornell University Press

This is the first work to draw on the four hundred years of transition from ancient Greek philosophy to the medieval philosophy of Islam and the West. During this period, philosophy was often written in the form of commentaries on the works of Plato and Aristotle. Many ideas wrongly credited to the Middle Ages derive from these centuries, such as that of impetus in


This is the first work to draw on the four hundred years of transition from ancient Greek philosophy to the medieval philosophy of Islam and the West. During this period, philosophy was often written in the form of commentaries on the works of Plato and Aristotle. Many ideas wrongly credited to the Middle Ages derive from these centuries, such as that of impetus in dynamics and intentional objects in philosophy of mind. The later Neoplatonist commentators fought a losing battle with Christianity, but inadvertently made Aristotle acceptable to Christians by ascribing to him belief in a Creator God and human immortality. The commentators provide a panorama of up to a thousand years of Greek philosophy, much of which would otherwise be lost. They also serve as the missing link essential for understanding the subsequent history of Western philosophy.

Volume 1 of this indispensable sourcebook deals with psychology, which for the Neoplatonist commentators was the gateway to metaphysics and theology. It was the subject on which Plato and Aristotle disagreed most, and on which the commentators went furthest beyond them in their search for synthesis. Ethics and religious practice fall naturally under psychology and are included in this volume. All sources appear in English translation and are carefully linked and cross-referenced by editorial comment and explanation. Bibliographies are provided throughout.

Product Details

Cornell University Press
Publication date:
Philosophy of Commentators 200 - 600 AD
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgementsxiii
1(a)Does perceptual recognition require opinion?33
1(b)Perceptual recognition by concept-projection37
1(c)Reception of form without matter44
1(d)Dematerialisation of the sensory process47
1(e)Intentional objects52
1(f)Objections to vision involving travelling bodies53
1(g)Philoponus' view, the activity of colour56
1(h)Optic nerve59
1(i)Proclus puts nous into perception60
1(j)Is there perception of universals?60
2(a)Aristotle's distinction between phantasia and doxa61
2(b)Higher phantasia of intelligibles63
2(c)Can phantasia apprehend things as true or false?65
2(d)Is there ever phantasia of universals?66
2(e)The mental image resides in the pneuma67
2(f)Phantasia and memory involve projecting68
2(g)Phantasia and vehicles of the soul: prophecy70
2(h)Phantasia and vehicles of the soul: Hades75
2(i)Phantasia in geometry76
2(j)No images independent of sense perception79
2(k)The role of will in imaging fictions80
2(l)Creative and linguistic imagination81
2(m)Imagination and inspiration83
3(a)Intellect vs. reason86
3(b)Relation of intellect and reason to pleasure and desire87
3(c)Opiniative vs. scientific reason88
3(d)Non-discursive thought: is it propositional?90
3(e)Plotinus' undescended soul93
3(f)The unconscious100
3(g)Aristotle's active, actual or productive intellect102
3(h)How distinct is intellect from soul?118
3(i)Intelligibles and third potentiality119
3(j)Passive intellect as phantasia121
3(k)Identity of intellect with its objects123
3(l)Intelligibles within intellect129
3(m)Why is our thinking intermittent?131
3(n)Are intelligibles efficient or final causes?131
3(o)Are images needed in all thought and memory?132
4(a)Self-awareness as contentless134
4(b)Self-awareness as infinitely regressive142
4(c)Unity of self-awareness145
(i)Plato, Aristotle and Alexander148
(iv)'Philoponus' on Plutarch of Athens152
(v)Priscian and 'Simplicius'153
4(d)Neoplatonist terminology drawn from Stoics159
4(e)Knowing self though others161
4(f)Direct self-knowledge: Cogito and Flying Man166
5Recollection and Concept Formation172
5(b)Aristotle's theory of concept formation173
5(c)Ascription to Aristotle of pre-nate concepts177
5(d)Adoption of Plato's concepts alongside Aristotle's180
6(a)The dependence of mental on bodily states182
6(b)Soul non-spatially related to body204
6(c)Making bodies for incarnation211
6(d)Transmigration into animal bodies213
7Immobility of Soul and of Intellect217
8Vehicles of Soul221
8(a)Origins of the idea221
8(b)Roles of vehicles221
(i)Punishment after death221
(ii)Mutual recognition and communication after death224
(iii)Desires and senses generated from pneumatic vehicles225
(iv)Hearing daemons through pneumatic vehicles226
(v)Continuity for the soul after death227
(vi)Enabling souls to move227
(vii)Enabling prophecy and visions of gods227
(viii)Shades in Hades, and daemons taking shape227
8(c)Duration of vehicles227
8(d)Alexander's criticism of mobility function228
8(e)The Christian resurrection body229
8(f)Spherical shape of vehicles236
8(g)Punishment after death and the resurrection vehicle238
9Knowledge of Other Minds242
(ii)Soul vehicles and spiritual bodies242
10Definitions of Soul245
11Types of Soul248
11(a)Tripartite soul in humans248
11(b)Is there a rational soul in animals?249
11(c)Image, trace, echo of soul250
11(d)Is all soul alike?251
11(e)Hypostasis soul, World Soul, human souls252
11(f)Earth soul, plant souls, embryo souls253
11(g)Attitudes to the earth260
12Immortality of Soul262
12(a)Discontinuity of body262
12(b)Does the soul survive?262
12(c)How much of the soul survives?264
12(d)Circular time and rejuvenation268
12(e)What is remembered?269
13(a)Emotion depends on body and irrational forces275
13(b)The correct classification of emotions275
13(c)Apatheia and metriopatheia280
13(d)Apatheia of soul: what part of us suffers emotion?281
13(e)Relation of emotion to opinion293
13(f)Mystical experience, shock and eupatheia294
13(h)Iamblichus vs. Porphyry on emotional arousal297
13(j)The emotional effect of music302
14Theory of Action305
14(a)Up to us and responsibility305
14(c)The choice of lives317
15Methods for Ascent to God319
15(a)The Neoplatonist commentators' curriculum319
15(b)Procedures for beginning ascent325
16Ineffability and the Rejection of Words327
16(a)Negative theology, ineffability of the One327
16(b)Scepticism: relation to theology336
17(a)Types of virtue337
17(b)Does virtue admit of latitude and degrees?344
17(c)Goals of conduct in virtue and art346
17(e)Happy life as non-temporal349
17(f)Happy life not dependent on externals349
17(g)Suicide and martyrdom350
17(h)Justice to animals360
17(i)Communism in Plato's Republic361
17(j)The morality of Homer's myths364
17(k)EN 5 on justice367
(ii)Just war367
(iii)Natural justice368
18Religious Practice369
18(a)Sacrifice, propitiation, forgiveness, invocation369
18(d)Faith, truth, love and hope394
18(e)Erotic magic is not due to the gods400
The Ancient Commentators on Aristotle translation series411
Translators in the Sourcebook413
Abbreviations and Sigla415
Main Thinkers Represented in the Sourcebook417
Index Locorum421

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