PsychSmart / Edition 1

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Overview

Are your students reading effectively?

Are your students performing as well as they hope and expect to in your course?

Meet PsychSmart from McGraw-Hill. PsychSmart is the newest member of the McGraw-Hill M Series family. . . and the M Series started with YOUR students.

Through extensive student research, we have created a textbook and learning system designed to meet the needs and maximize the workflow habits of today’s college students. Students told us they wanted a briefer text with more visual appeal…and a less expensive price.

We listened.

We also listened to instructors.

We learned about the challenges that they faced in their classrooms everyday and what their ideal course materials would look like. They told us they needed an engaging solution for their course needs – but without sacrificing quality and content.

The result is PsychSmart. Authored by master teachers, PsychSmart uses a wealth of real world examples, media and online interactivities to create a dynamic and engaging learning solution designed to reach today’s students.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780078035234
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies,Inc.
  • Publication date: 1/12/2010
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 448
  • Sales rank: 1,378,970
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

PsychSmart, 1st edition

1. Introduction to Psychology



AMERICA’S CAPTAIN



PSYCHOLOGISTS AT WORK



The Subfields of Psychology



Working at Psychology



A SCIENCE EVOLVES



The Roots of Psychology



Founding Mothers of Psychology



Psychology Today



Key Issues in Psychology



Psychology’s Future



THE RESEARCH PROCESS IN PSYCHOLOGY



The Scientific Method



Theories: Broad Explanations



Hypotheses: Testable Predictions



Psychological Research Methods



Descriptive Research



Experimental Research



RESEARCH CHALLENGES



The Ethics of Research



Should Animals Be Used in Research?



Experimental Bias



2. Neuroscience and Behavior



THE FALLEN ATHLETE



NEURONS: THE BASIC UNITS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM



Structure of the Neuron



How Neurons Fire



Bridging the Gap Between Neurons



Neurotransmitters: Chemical Couriers



THE NERVOUS SYSTEM: LINKING NEURONS



Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems



Evolution of the Nervous System



Behavioral Genetics



THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM: HORMONES AND GLANDS



THE BRAIN



Spying on the Brain



The Central Core: Our “Old Brain”



The Limbic System: Beyond the Central Core



The Cerebral Cortex: Our “New Brain”



The Adaptable Brain



Two Brains or One?



Human Diversity and Brain Lateralization



The Split Brain: Exploring the Two Hemispheres



Controlling Your Heart—and Mind—Through Biofeedback



3. Sensation and Perception



NEVER FORGETTING A FACE



SENSATION AND PERCEPTION: TWO SIDES OF THE SAME COIN



SENSING THE WORLD AROUND US



Absolute Thresholds



Difference Thresholds



Sensory Adaptation



VISION: SHEDDING LIGHT ON THE EYE



Illuminating the Eye



Color Vision and Color Blindness



HEARING AND THE OTHER SENSES



Sensing Sound



Smell and Taste



The Skin Senses: Touch, Pressure, Temperature, and Pain



How Our Senses Interact



PERCEPTION: CONSTRUCTING OUR IMPRESSIONS OF THE WORLD



The Gestalt Laws of Organization



Top-Down and Bottom-Up Processing



Perceptual Constancy



Depth Perception



Perceptual Illusions



Culture and Perception



4. States of Consciousness



MIDNIGHT RECEIVER



SLEEP AND DREAMS



The Stages of Sleep



REM Sleep: The Paradox of Sleep



Why Do We Sleep and How Much Sleep is Necessary?



The Function and Meaning of Dreaming



Sleep Disturbances



Circadian Rhythms



HYPNOSIS AND MEDITATION



Hypnosis: A Trance-Forming Experience?



Meditation: Regulating Our Own Consciousness



Cross-Cultural Routes to Altered States of Consciousness



DRUG USE: THE HIGHS AND LOWS OF CONSCIOUSNESS



Stimulants: Drug Highs



Depressants: Drug Lows



Narcotics



Identifying Drug and Alcohol Problems



5. Learning



A FOUR-LEGGED COWORKER



CLASSICAL CONDITIONING



What is Classical Conditioning?



How Do Conditioning Principles Apply to Human Behavior?



Extinction of a Conditioned Response



Generalization and Discrimination



OPERANT CONDITIONING



How Operant Conditioning Works



Behavior Analysis and Behavior

Modification



COGNITIVE APPROACHES TO LEARNING



Latent Learning



Observational Learning: Learning Through Imitation



Violence in Television and Video Games: Does the Media’s Message Matter?



Does Culture Influence How We Learn?



6. Memory



WHO AM I, WHERE AM I, AND HOW DID I GET HERE?



THE FOUNDATIONS OF MEMORY



Sensory Memory



Short-Term Memory



Long-Term Memory



Long-Term Memory Modules



Semantic Networks



The Neuroscience of Memory



RECALLING LONG-TERM MEMORIES



Retrieval Cues



Levels of Processing



Explicit and Implicit Memory



Flashbulb Memories



Constructive Processes in Memory



FORGETTING: WHEN MEMORY FAILS



Why We Forget



Proactive and Retroactive Interference



Memory Dysfunctions



7. Thinking, Language, and Intelligences



SpaceShipOne



THINKING AND REASONING



Mental Images



Concepts



Algorithms and Heuristics



Solving Problems



Creativity and Problem Solving



LANGUAGE



Grammar: The Rules of Language



Language Development



Theories of Language Acquisition



INTELLIGENCE



Theories of Intelligence



Measuring Intelligence



Variations in Intellectual Ability



Group Differences in Intelligence



Nature, Nurture, and IQ



8. Motivation and Emotion



ARMED WITH BRAVERY



EXPLAINING MOTIVATION



Instinct Approaches



Drive-Reduction Approaches



Arousal Approaches



Incentive Approaches



Cognitive Approaches



Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs



Applying Motivation Approaches



HUMAN NEEDS AND MOTIVATION



Hunger and Eating



Sexual Motivation



The Needs for Achievement, Affiliation, and Power



Measuring Achievement Motivation



UNDERSTANDING EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCES



The Functions of Emotions



Determining the Range of Emotions



The Roots of Emotions



Cultural Differences in Expressions of Emotion



9. Development



A 22-OUNCE MIRACLE



NATURE AND NURTURE



Developmental Research Techniques



PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT



Basic Genetics



Earliest Development



INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD



The Extraordinary Newborn



Infancy Through Middle Childhood



Development of Social Behavior



ADOLESCENCE



Physical Changes



Moral and Cognitive Development



Adolescent Social Development



ADULTHOOD



The Peak of Health



Adult Social Development



Growing Old



Adjusting to Death



10. Personality



HONOR STUDENT OR CRAIGSLIST KILLER?



WHAT IS PERSONALITY?



PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY



Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory: Mapping the Unconscious Mind



The Neo-Freudian Psychoanalysts



TRAIT APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY



Allport’s Trait Theory



Factor Analysis



The Big Five Factors of Personality



Evaluating Trait Approaches to Personality



LEARNING APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY



Skinner’s Behaviorist Approach



Social Cognitive Approaches



Learning Approaches to Personality



BIOLOGICAL AND EVOLUTIONARY APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY



HUMANISTIC APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY



Rogers and the Need for Self-Actualization



Evaluating Humanistic Approaches



COMPARING APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY



ASSESSING PERSONALITY



Self-Report Measures of Personality



Projective Methods



Behavioral Assessment



11. Health Psychology: Stress, Coping, and Well-Being



SCHOOL DAZE



STRESS AND COPING



The Nature of Stressors: My Stress is Your Pleasure



Coping with Stress



PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF ILLNESS AND WELL-BEING



The As, Bs, and Ds of Coronary Heart Disease



Psychological Aspects of Cancer



Smoking



PROMOTING HEALTH AND WELLNESS



Following Medical Advice



Well-Being and Happiness



12. Psychological Disorders and Treatment



CHRIS COLES



DEFINING AND DIAGNOSING ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR



Perspectives on Abnormality: From Superstition to Science



Classifying Abnormal Behavior: The DSM



MAJOR CATEGORIES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS



Anxiety Disorders



Mood Disorders



Schizophrenia



Personality Disorders



Other Disorders



Psychological Disorders in Perspective



The Social and Cultural Context of Psychological Disorders



TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS



Psychotherapies



Behavioral Approaches to Therapy



Cognitive Approaches to Therapy



Humanistic Therapy



Interpersonal Therapy



Group Therapy and Family Therapy



Evaluating Psychotherapy



Biomedical Therapy



13. Social Psychology



THE CON MAN



ATTITUDES AND SOCIAL COGNITION



Persuasion: Changing Attitudes



Social Cognition: Understanding Others



SOCIAL INFLUENCE AND GROUPS



Conformity: Following What Others Do



Compliance: Submitting to Direct Social Pressure



STEREOTYPES, PREJUDICE, AND DISCRIMINATION



The Foundations of Prejudice



Measuring Prejudice and Discrimination: The Implicit Association Test



Reducing Prejudice and Discrimination



POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE SOCIAL BEHAVIOR



Liking and Loving: Interpersonal Attraction and the Development of Relationships



Aggression and Prosocial Behavior



GLOSSARY



REFERENCES



CREDITS



NAME INDEX



SUBJECT INDEX

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