Public Health and Epidemiology at a Glance

Overview

This brand new title in the market-leading at a Glance series provides a highly-illustrated, visual introduction to the key concepts of population-level disease prevention. Accessible, double-page spreads help you understand and appreciate the determinants of health which impact on healthcare services and their effectiveness.

Public Health and Epidemiology at a Glance features high-yield information on all the...

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Public Health and Epidemiology at a Glance

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Overview

This brand new title in the market-leading at a Glance series provides a highly-illustrated, visual introduction to the key concepts of population-level disease prevention. Accessible, double-page spreads help you understand and appreciate the determinants of health which impact on healthcare services and their effectiveness.

Public Health and Epidemiology at a Glance features high-yield information on all the topics covered at medical school, including:

  • Measurement of population health
  • Epidemiological concepts of cause and association, surveillance, and risk
  • Use of epidemiology in clinical decision-making
  • Epidemiology of major health problems such as cardiovascular disease and cancer
  • Health promotion
  • Basics of health economics
  • Basics of health policy, needs assessment, and evaluation

Also featuring self-assessment questions to help test learning, this new title will provide an invaluable resource for medical and healthcare students, junior doctors, and those preparing for a career in public health.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: James C. Torner, MS, PhD (University of Iowa College of Public Health)
Description: This is an introductory overview of public health with an emphasis on epidemiology, population health, prevention, and health economics. The book provides a sequential description of concepts and aspects of public health and features graphic representation of many of the concepts.
Purpose: The focus is on providing an initial guide to the fundamental aspects of public health for students, clinicians, and health professionals.
Audience: Medical students and professionals are the primary audience, but other health professionals and new public health students would benefit from the topics and characterization of these key public health concepts. The book grew out of the authors' experience and the development of a medical school course.
Features: In a logical progression of topics, the book provides a context for and definition of public health concepts and methods. The first section covers epidemiology, including measures and design. The second section presents key indicators of health and their measurement. The section on prevention characterizes various public health programs and key concepts such as behavioral modification. The economics section focuses on assessment, evaluation, and integration of public health services.
Assessment: This is a useful summary that provides a quick overview so that students or professionals can acquire the basic knowledge of public health. The book is contemporary with recent references and examples. While the book presents basic concepts, the examples are from the U.K., hence their applicability is more relevant for a U.K. audience.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470654453
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/8/2012
  • Series: At a Glance Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 94
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Margaret Somerville is Director of Public Health and Health Policy, NHS Highland, Inverness

K. Kumaran is a Consultant in Public Health Medicine, NHS Somerset

Rob Anderson, Institute of Health Service Research, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter

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Table of Contents

Preface 6

Acknowledgements 7

About the authors 7

1 Introduction to public health 8

Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Practice

2 Incidence and prevalence 10

3 Risks and odds 12

4 Hierarchy of evidence and investigating causation 14

5 Bias, confounding and chance in epidemiological studies 16

6 Standardisation 18

7 Ecological and cross-sectional studies 20

8 Case-control and cohort studies 22

9 Trials (experimental studies) 24

10 Systematic reviews and meta-analysis 26

11 Diagnostic tests 28

Assessing Population Health

12 Health and illness 30

13 Demography 32

14 Epidemiological transition 34

15 Health information 36

16 Measuring population health status 38

17 Lifestyle determinants of health 40

18 Environmental determinants of health 42

19 Inequalities in health 44

20 Socio-economic inequalities in health 46

21 Health needs assessment 48

Improving and Protecting Health

22 Disease prevention 50

23 Principles of disease transmission 52

24 Communicable disease control 54

25 Surveillance 56

26 Immunisation 58

27 Screening principles 60

28 Screening programmes 62

29 Health promotion 64

30 Changing behaviour 66

Health Economics

31 Economic perspectives on health 68

32 Economic evaluation 70

33 Economic perspectives on measuring health-related outcomes 72

34 Economics of public health problems 74

Effective Health Care

35 Health care systems 76

36 Planning health services 78

37 Health care evaluation 80

Self-Assessment

Self-assessment questions 82

Self-assessment answers 84

Appendix: Practical issues in conducting epidemiological studies 85

Further reading 87

Index 88

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