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Public Policy / Edition 1
     

Public Policy / Edition 1

by Christopher A. Simon
 

ISBN-10: 0321117980

ISBN-13: 9780321117984

Pub. Date: 03/01/2006

Publisher: Longman

This book weds the “normative” and the “empirical” in its examination of public policy. The first part of the text offers a philosophical context, enabling students to see how different conceptions of “the public good” inform and shape public policy. The second part draws on the realm of science and employs the policy process

Overview

This book weds the “normative” and the “empirical” in its examination of public policy. The first part of the text offers a philosophical context, enabling students to see how different conceptions of “the public good” inform and shape public policy. The second part draws on the realm of science and employs the policy process model as a basis for understanding how public policies actually come to fruition. The first two parts act as a “compass” for the third, which presents substantive policy areas, such as defense, education, health, and criminal justice.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780321117984
Publisher:
Longman
Publication date:
03/01/2006
Edition description:
1ST
Pages:
416
Product dimensions:
6.37(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

Alternate Contentsix
Models and Process Approachix
Models and Policy Substance Approachx
Discussion-Driven Non-Economic Approachxi
Prefacexii
Part IIntroduction to Public Policy
Chapter 1Policy and Visions of Governance1
Chapter Overview1
A Working Definition of Public Policy1
Classical Liberalism3
The Philosophical Softening of Some Assumptions of Classical Liberalism7
Modern Liberalism and Public Policy8
The Nature of Liberalism in the United States14
Communitarianism: Another Way of Viewing Society and Policy15
Public Policy: Political Liberalism and Communitarianism, A Balancing Act?19
Lessons Learned21
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 2Theories of Public Policy: How Choices Are Made25
Chapter Overview25
The Importance of Science in Studying Public Policy25
The Rational-Comprehensive Model26
Incrementalism28
Public Choice30
Group Theory32
Systems Theory35
Institutionalism36
Elite Theory39
Game Theory41
Neo-Institutionalism43
Lessons Learned45
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 3Values and Public Policy48
Chapter Overview48
Regime Values and Personal Values48
Civic Engagement, Social Capital, and Values49
Bases of Individual Values52
Economics and Societal Value Changes53
How Values Have and Continue to Change57
Lessons Learned68
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 4Policy Analysis71
Chapter Overview71
Economics72
Rise of Policy Sciences76
Growth of Public Policy77
Central Questions for Public Policy Analysis78
Tools for Policy Analysis80
Outcomes of Public Policy Analysis90
Ethics and Policy Analysis91
Lessons Learned92
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Part IIPolicy Process
Chapter 5Agenda Setting95
Chapter Overview95
How Does Agenda Setting Work?96
The President as Agenda Setter98
Congress and the Policy Agenda100
Congressional-Executive Relations and Agenda Setting101
The Courts and the Policy Agenda102
Pressure Groups and Agenda Setting104
Bureaucracy and Agenda Setting105
Media and Agenda Setting106
Elections and the Policy Agenda107
Cultural Change and Agenda Setting107
Biases in Political Participation and Agenda Setting108
Explaining Agenda Setting109
Lessons Learned115
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 6Policy Formulation118
Chapter Overview118
How Is Policy Formulated?118
Major Actors in Policy Formulation121
Demographic Changes and Policy Formulation131
Explaining Policy Formulation133
Group Theory and Policy Formulation134
Lessons Learned137
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 7Policy Implementation140
Chapter Overview140
A Theoretical Model of Policy Implementation141
Issues Surrounding Implementation148
Major Participants in Policy Implementation155
Explaining Policy Implementation158
Lessons Learned161
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 8Policy Evaluation164
Chapter Overview164
Skills of a Good Policy Evaluator165
General Purposes of Evaluation166
Internal Versus External Evaluation170
Steps in Policy Evaluation172
Types of Data and Evaluation173
Types of Evaluations174
Lessons Learned179
Questions for Study
Endnote
Bibliography
Chapter 9Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations (IGR)182
Chapter Overview182
Arguments in Favor of Federalism183
Thinking About Federalism186
Dual Federalism Model186
Cooperative Federalism187
Nation-Centered Federalism188
Clintonian Federalism and Beyond190
Intergovernmental Relations192
Intergovernmental Collaborative Policy-Making198
Fiscal Federalism200
Lessons Learned203
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Part IIIMajor Public Policies
Chapter 10Defense Policy207
Chapter Overview207
The Defense Policy Structure208
Major Participants in Defense Policy209
Defense Policy During the Cold War211
Nuclear Arms Race214
Nuclear Weapons Treaties216
Policy Dissatisfaction Produces a Policy Shift218
Post-Cold War Era220
Post-Post Cold War Era and the War on Terrorism221
Changing Target Populations in the Post-Post Cold War World222
Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR)223
Ballistic Missile Defense225
Homeland Security226
Explaining Defense Policy227
Lessons Learned230
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 11Public Health Policy234
Chapter Overview234
Major Actors in Public Health Policy235
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)248
Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)249
Indian Health Service (IHS)250
National Institutes of Health (NIH)252
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)252
Explaining Public Health Policy253
Lessons Learned254
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 12General Social Policy258
Chapter Overview258
Scope of Social Policy259
Major Policy Actors259
Major Social Policy Agencies and Their Functions260
Explaining General Social Policy270
Lessons Learned274
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 13Education Policy277
Chapter Overview277
Major Participants in Education Policy278
The Common School Movement: The Foundation of Modern Public Schools283
Post-World War II Education Policy284
Education Policy Reform Proposals287
Moving Toward the Twenty-First Century294
Explaining Education Policy296
Lessons Learned299
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 14Criminal Justice Policy303
Chapter Overview303
Major Participants304
Types of Crime308
Causes of Crime313
Crimes and Criminal Procedure316
Perspectives on Punishment317
Incarceration Policy and Management320
Hot Topic Crimes in the Twenty-First Century323
Contemporary Policing Techniques and Issues331
Explaining Criminal Justice Policy334
Lessons Learned336
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 15Environmental and Natural Resource Policy339
Chapter Overview339
The Commons340
Key Actors in Environmental Policy342
Ecoterrorism345
Federal Environmental Regulations347
Natural Resources in the United States352
Resources We Take from Our Public Lands352
Water Politics and Policy360
Alternative Energy: Protecting the Environment and Reducing Harmful Extractions360
Explaining Environmental Policy362
Lessons Learned366
Questions for Study
Endnotes
Bibliography
Chapter 16Cost of Policy368
Chapter Overview368
A Definition of Budgeting369
Explaining the Size of the National Budget370
Budget Cycle373
Major Participants and Influences376
Budget Theory380
Politics of Entitlement384
The Budget and Implications for Policy384
Explaining Public Budgeting385
Lessons Learned388
Questions for Study
Endnote
Bibliography
Conclusion: Future of Public Policy390
Chapter Overview390
Commodification/Decommodification392
Technology and the Future of Policy394
Values and the Future of Policy394
Conclusion395
Bibliography395
Photo Credits396
Index397

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