Public Sector Corruption

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Corruption always grabs the headlines and the processes of political contention that created the modern state have done much to shape our notions of corruption and good government; yet very old ideas show surprising vitality as we examine the ways citizens understand and react to corruption issues. Corruption issues appeared as a major international policy concern around 1990, after a generation during which they received relatively little emphasis, and since that time the research literature has had unprecedented growth in quantity and quality. This major reference collection collates the best of the research for scholars, policymakers, students, reformers, journalists, and interested citizens, showing us where we have been and where we need to go as the work continues. Further, the collection develops a much-needed comprehensive record of what we have learned from political scientists, economists, and historical and cultural analysts; while all borrow selectively and creatively from each other, they are still engaged in largely separate conversations. Finally, this collection focuses on the whole issue of reform. The past generation's research has both led to new ideas about how to attack corruption, measure its seriousness, and assess the effects of corruption control efforts. The collection is a particularly important toolkit to bring the best of our knowledge to bear upon efforts at control-in effect, to integrate theory and practice-for as in many other policy areas it is entirely possible to do the wrong things for the right reasons.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781849206044
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 11/15/2010
  • Series: SAGE Library of Political Science Series
  • Edition description: Four-Volume Set
  • Pages: 1632
  • Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 4.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael Johnston
Michael Johnston is the Charles A. Dana Professor of Political Science at Colgate University, in Hamilton, New York. His most recent book - Syndromes of Corruption: Wealth, Power, and Democracy (Cambridge University Press, 2005) - won the 2009 Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Promoting World Order, presented by the University of Louisville. He has studied political and administrative corruption since 1975, and from 1985 through 1996 was a founding Co-Editor of the journal Corruption and Reform. Other books include Civil Society and Corruption: Mobilizing for Reform (edited volume, 2005); Political Corruption: Concepts and Contexts (co-edited with the late Arnold J. Heidenheimer, 2002); Political Corruption: A Handbook (co-editors Arnold J. Heidenheimer and Victor LeVine, 1988); Fraud, Waste, and Abuse in Government (co-editor Jerome B. McKinney, 1986); and Political Corruption and Public Policy in America (1982). He has been a consultant to many international organizations and development agencies, including The World Bank, The Asia Foundation, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the New York State Commission on Governmental Integrity; USAID, and the United Nations.
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Table of Contents

Introduction - Michael Johnston
Corruption: The Emergence of an Idea
Corruption - J. Peter Euben
The Corruption of a State - J. Patrick Dobel
What Does Corruption Mean in a Democracy? - Mark E. Warren
The Appearance of Official Impropriety and the Concept of Political Crime - Andrew Stark
The Definitions Debate
Typology of Definitions of Corruption - Arnold J. Heidenheimer and Michael Johnston
Defining Political Corruption - Mark Philp
Ethics in Congress: From individual to institutional corruption - Dennis F. Thompson
Diverse Legal and Moral Traditions
A Moral Economy of Corruption in Africa? - J. P. Olivier de Sardan
Corruption or Social Capital? Tact and the Performance of Guanxi in Market Socialist China - Alan Smart and Carolyn L. Hsu
I Don't Bribe, I Just Pull Strings, Perspectives on European Politics and Society - Luís De Sousa
Corruption as 'Boundary Politics': The state, democratisation, and mozambique's unstable liberalisation - Graham Harrison
Cultures of Corruption: Evidence from diplomatic parking tickets - Ray Fisman and Edward Miguel
Mapping the Concept in Practice: Variations in Kind
Black-Gray-White Typology, Political Corruption: Concepts and contexts - Arnold J. Heidenheimer
Looters, Rent-Scrapers, and Dividend-Collectors: Corruption and growth in Zaire, South Korea and the Philippines - Andrew Wedeman
Patterns of Corruption and Development in East Asia - Jon Moran
Syndromes of Corruption: Wealth, power, and democracy - Michael Johnston
Varieties of Corrupt Practices
Oligarchs and Cronies in the Philippine State: The Politics of patrimonial plunder - Paul D Hutchcroft
Dangerous Collusion: Corruption as a collective venture in contemporary China - Ting Gong
Competitive Corruption: Factional conflict and political malfeasance in postwar Italian Christian democracy - Miriam A Golden and Eric C.C. Chang
Middlemen in Third-World Corruption: Implications of an Indian Case - Philip Oldenburg
Cultural and Historical Variations
Political Corruption: Historical conflict and the rise of standards - Michael Johnston
Protection against a Capricious State: French investment and Spanish railroads, 1845-1875 - Philip Keefer
Yakuza: Japan's criminal underworld - David E Kapla and Alec Dubro
Hidden in an Envelope: Gratitude payments to medical doctors in Hungary - Janos Kornai
Comparing Societies
Reform, State, and Corruption: Is corruption less destructive in China than in Russia? - Yan Sun
Corruption in a Paternalistic Democracy: Lessons from Italy for Latin America - Silvia Colazingari and Susan Rose-Ackerman
Does Democracy Check Corruption? Insights from China and India - Yan Sun and Michael Johnston
Shaping Corrupt Dealings
Controlling Corruption - Robert Klitgaard
Why Are Some Officials More Corrupt than Others? - Jennifer Hunt
The Market for Public Office: Why India's state is not better at development - Robert Wade
The Best System Money Can Buy - Carolyn M. Warner
Political Parties as Public Utilities - Ingrid Van Biezen
Causes of Corruption
The Political Economy of the Rent-Seeking Society - Anne O. Krueger
The Economics of Corruption - Susan Rose-Ackerman
Corruption - Andrei Shleifer and Robert W. Vishny
The Causes of Corruption: A cross-national study - Daniel Treisman
Does Mother Nature Corrupt? Natural Resources, Corruption, and Economic Growth - Carlos Leite and Jens Weidmann
Politics: Effects on Corruption
Political Institutions and Corruption: The role of unitarism and parliamentarism - John Gerring, and Strom C. Thacker
Democratic Institutions and Corruption: Incentives and constraints in politics - Jana Kunicova
Ballot Structure, Political Corruption, and the Performance of Proportional Representation - Daniel W Gingerich
Corruption: Effects on Politics
Social Capital, Beliefs in Government, and Political Corruption - Donatella della Porta
The Impact of Corruption on Regime Legitimacy: A comparative study of four Latin American countries - Mitchell A Seligson
Effects on Society
India's Middlemen: Connecting by corrupting? - Jyoti Khanna and Michael Johnston
Political Corruption and Social Trust: An experimental approach - Bo Rothstein and Daniel Eek
Corruption, Inequality, and Trust - Eric Uslaner
A Comparative Study of Inequality and Corruption - Jong-sung You and Sanjeev Khagram
Responses to Corruption
Combating Corruption in the Asia-Pacific Countries: What do we know and what needs to be done? - J.S.T. Quah
Corruption by Design: Building clean government in mainland China and Hong Kong - Melanie Manion
Citizen, Co-Production and Corruption Control - Peter N Grabosky
Corruption and Bilateral Aid: A dyadic approach - Carl Jan Willem Schudel
Measuring Corruption, Tracking Reforms
Measuring the Immeasurable: Boundaries and functions of (macro) corruption indices - Fredrik Galtung
Proposal for a New Measure of Corruption, Illustrated with Italian Data - Miriam A Golden and Lucio Picci
Corruption Perceptions vs. Corruption Reality - Benjamin A Olken
Win, Lose, or Draw? China's War on Corruption - Andrew Wedeman
Anti-Corruption Campaigns and Agencies
Anti-Corruption Agencies: Rhetoric versus Reality - Patrick Meagher
The Effectiveness of Anti-Corruption Programs: Preliminary Evidence from the Post-Communist Transition Countries - Alan Rousso and Franklin Steves
Anti-Corruption: Movement? Business? Fetish?
The Pursuit of Absolute Integrity - Frank Anechiarico and James B. Jacobs
Integrity Warriors: Global morality and the anti-corruption movement in the Balkans - Steven Sampson
The Hollowness of Anti-corruption Discourse - Mlada Bukovansky
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