Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition / Edition 6

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Overview

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences. It provides invaluable guidance on all aspects of the writing process, from the ethics of authorship to the word choice that best reduces bias in language. Well-known for its authoritative and easy-to-use reference and citation system, the Publication Manual also offers guidance on choosing the headings, tables, figures, and tone that will result in strong, simple, and elegant scientific communication.

The sixth edition offers new and expanded instruction on publication ethics, statistics, journal article reporting standards, electronic reference formats, and the construction of tables and figures.

The sixth edition has been revised and updated to include

  • new ethics guidance on such topics as determining authorship and terms of collaboration, duplicate publication, plagiarism and self-plagiarism, disguising of participants, validity of instrumentation, and making data available to others for verification;
  • new journal article reporting standards to help readers report empirical research with clarity and precision;
  • simplified APA heading style to make it more conducive to electronic publication;
  • updated guidelines for reducing bias in language to reflect current practices and preferences, including a new section on presenting historical language that is inappropriate by present standards;
  • new guidelines for reporting inferential statistics and a significantly revised table of statistical abbreviations
  • new instruction on using supplemental filescontaining lengthy data sets and other media;
  • significantly expanded content on the electronic presentation of data to help readers understand the purpose of each kind of display and choose the best match for communicating the results of the investigation, with new examples for a variety of data displays, including electrophysiological and biological data;
  • consolidated information on all aspects of reference citations, with an expanded discussion of electronic sources emphasizing the role of the digital object identifier (DOI) as a reliable way to locate information; and
  • expanded discussion of the publication process, including the function and process of peer review; a discussion of ethical, legal, and policy requirements in publication; and guidelines on working with the publisher while the article is in press.


Key to this edition of the Publication Manual is an updated and expanded Web presence.

Visit the APA Style web site to

  • Look up additional supplemental material keyed to the book
  • Test your knowledge of APA Style with a free tutorial on style basics
  • Learn about the changes in the sixth edition with a free tutorial reviewing key revisions
  • Sign up for an on-line course to enrich and enhance your understanding of APA Style
  • Read the APA Style blog and share your comments on writing and referencing
  • Consult frequently asked questions to sharpen your understanding of APA Style
  • Examine additional resources on such topics as ethics, statistics, and writing
  • Familiarize yourself with submission standards for APA books and journals


What's New in the Sixth Edition?

Book has been updated to acknowledge and incorporate advances in computer technology.

  • New discussions of the creation, submission, and storage of supplemental data.
  • New guidelines for referencing electronic sources.
  • New and expanded reference examples for a variety of on-line sources.
  • Redesigned APAstyle website, expanded to provide tutorials, on-line courses, and other resources for learning APA style.


Book has been reorganized and streamlined for ease of use

  • Organized to describe the writing process from idea to publication, it begins with background information on ethical issues in publishing, then moves on to manuscript structure and content, then writing style and rules, then graphics and references, then guidance on working with the publisher.
  • Sample paper section has been moved up and featured to better exemplify manuscript structure and content
  • Like discussions have been moved to one place in the book, with discussions of function followed by instruction on form.


Focus has been broadened to include readers in the behavioral and social sciences.

Information specific to APA has been moved to the web, where it is more broadly accessible and can be updated frequently.
  • New examples throughout the book have been drawn from publications in education, business, and nursing as well as psychology.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781433805622
  • Publisher: American Psychological Association
  • Publication date: 7/20/2009
  • Format: Spiral Bound
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 300
  • Sales rank: 421
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 0.85 (d)

Read an Excerpt

Preface

In 1928 editors and business managers of anthropological and psychological journals met to discuss the form of journal manuscripts and to write instructions for their preparation. The report of this meeting, which was chaired by Madison Bentley and sponsored by the National Research Council, is the forerunner of this book. The report was published as a ven-page article in the February 1929 issue of the Psychological Bulletin, ournal of the American Psychological Association (APA). The group agreed that it would not dictate to authors; instead, it recommended a andard of procedures, to which exceptions would doubtless be necary, but to which reference might be made in cases of doubt" ("Inuctions," 1929, p. 57; see section 9.01 for references to the predecessors this edition of the Publication Manual).

In the 70 years that followed, those "Instructions" were revised and anded a number of times. The first edition of the instructions under title of Publication Manual was actually a 60-page supplement to the Psychological Bulletin published in 1952.

It was another 22 years before a new edition was published in 1974 with 136 pages. Publication of the 208-page third edition occurred in 1983, and the fourth edition of 368 pages rolled off the presses in 1994.

Seven years have elapsed since the last edition, during which time great changes have occurred in the publishing world and in the technology b I authors, editors, and publishers. The fourth edition stood the of time well, but eventually there were more matters to be dealt with than could be easily accommodated on the APA Web site for updates. In 1999 the APA Publications and Communications Board authorized work to begin on this fifth edition of the Publication Manual.

Leslie Dodson ably served as the project leader for the revision, and many APA members and staff contributed their time, energy, and expertise to the preparation and editing of this volume, Nlark Appelbaum and his colleagues on the Statistics Task Force (Leona S. Aiken, Joel R. Levin, Robert S. Rosen, and Howard Wainer) had a particularly difficult assignment. Although not always in agreement on the specifics, the task force did agree on the need to provide some additional assistance to authors in dealing with statistical representations in manuscripts. Lenore W. Harmon, the APA Chief Editorial Advisor, drew on her experience to work on the ethics and authorship sections and to chair the Task Force on the Publication of Case Material (with Janice Birk, Clara Hill, Ross Parke, and NVilliam Stiles). Kathleen Sheedy took aim at the moving target of electronic referencing and manuscript preparation. She will continue working with the APA Internet Services staff to keep the new APA Style NVeb site up to date with changes in this area as they occur, Susan Knapp and Demarie Jackson provided examples, text, and guidance along the way.

There is a section in the foreword to the fourth edition that aptly characterizes the Publication Manual.

The Publicationn Manual presents explicit style requirements but acknowledges that alternatives are sometimes necessary; authors should balance the rules of the Publication Manual with good judgment. Because the written language of psychology changes more slowly than psychology itself, the Publication Manual does not offer solutions for all stylistic problems. In that sense, it is a transitional document: Its style requirements are based on the existing scientific literature rather than imposed on the literature.

Every edition of the Publication Manual has been intended to aid authors in the preparation of manuscripts. The 1929 guide could gently advise authors on style, because there were then only about 200 authors who published in the 4 existing APA Journals. Today, the editors of APA's 24 primary journals consider close to 6,000 manuscript submissions per year (of which approximately 1,400 reach print). Without APA style conventions, the time and effort required to review and edit manuscripts would prohibit timely and cost-effectivc publication and would make clear communication harder to achieve.

The numbers are higher today, of course. There are now 27 APA primary journals. And at least a thousand other journals in psychology, the behavioral sciences, nursing, and personnel administration use the Publication Manual as their style guide. This standardization has greatly facilitated the communication of new ideas and research and simplified the tasks of publishers, editors, authors, and readers as well as enabled linkages of electronic files across articles and across publishers.

As noted in the foreword to the fourth edition, however, this "standard" is not static. Our APA Web site devoted to the Publication Manual will provide updates and the latest information on changes in APA style and in APA policies and procedures that will affect authors as they preparc flicir manuscripts.

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Table of Contents

List of Tables, Table Examples, Figures, and Figure Examples
Preface
Introduction
1 Content and Organization of a Manuscript 3
Quality of Content 4
Characteristics of Articles 6
Parts of a Manuscript 10
Quality of Presentation 29
2 Expressing Ideas and Reducing Bias in Language 31
Writing Style 31
Grammar 40
Guidelines to Reduce Bias in Language 61
3 APA Editorial Style 77
Punctuation 78
Spelling 89
Capitalization 94
Italics 100
Abbreviations 103
Headings and Series 111
Quotations 117
Numbers 122
Metrication 130
Statistical and Mathematical Copy 136
Tables 147
Figures 176
Footnotes and Notes 202
Appendixes 205
Reference Citations in Text 207
4 Reference List 215
5 Manuscript Preparation and Sample Papers to be Submitted for Publication 283
The Author's Responsibilities 284
General Instructions for Preparing the Paper Manuscript 284
Instructions for Typing the Parts of a Manuscript 296
Sample Paper and Outlines 305
6 Material Other Than Journal Articles 321
Theses, Dissertations, and Student Papers 321
Converting the Dissertation Into a Journal Article 326
Material for Oral Presentation 329
Material Published in Abbreviated Form 330
7 Manuscript Acceptance and Production 331
Transmitting the Accepted Manuscript for Production 332
Reviewing the Copyedited Manuscript 335
Proofreading 336
After the Article is Published 342
8 Journals Program of the American Psychological Association 345
Policies Governing the Journals 345
Editorial Management of Manuscripts 357
9 Bibliography 363
App. A Checklist for Manuscript Submission 379
App. B Checklist for Transmitting Accepted Manuscripts for Electronic Production 385
App. C Ethical Standards for the Reporting and Publishing of Scientific Information 387
App. D References to Legal Materials 397
App. E: Sample Cover Letter 411
Index 413
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Customer Reviews

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See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 21 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted November 26, 2009

    FOR THOSE WHO NEED THE UPDATED VERSION

    I JUST WANTED TO LET EVERYONE KNOW THAT IF YOU HAVE ALREADY PURCHASED 6TH EDITION FIRST PRINTING OF APA MANUAL. YOU CAN EXCHANGE IT FOR THE CORRECTED 6TH EDITION SECOND PRINTING THROUGH APA UNTIL DECEMBER 15, 2009. THEY WILL REPLACE THE COPY, IF YOU MAIL YOURS IN. TO GET MORE INFO GO TO WWW.APA.ORG AND CALL THE NUMBER. HOPE THIS HELPS.

    6 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted December 2, 2009

    APA Replacement Deadline Extended

    I just received my replacement copy of the APA manual (3rd printing). The deadline to the replacement offer has been changed from December 15th to the 23th. Please visit there website http://www.apastyle.org/manual/corrections-faqs.aspx#othersource for more details.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted October 26, 2009

    more from this reviewer

    APA Publication Manual (Sixth Edition)

    I must congratulate the committe of scholars who revised the information for the sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual. It is much abridged from the fifth edition, and it is significantly more organized.

    However, APA sixth contains a large number of errors, mostly in the examples--which of course are the parts of the manual that most people use. In many instances the rules do not match the examples. These defects are contained in the first printing of the manual. The second printing is reportedly correct. However, many libraries purchased the 1st printing, and many bookstores are still selling the printing with defective information.

    At this time, the APA has refused to allow customers to return their 1st printing copies or to exchange them for corrected copies. The attitude appears to be that affected customers are welcome to shell out more money and buy the corrected copies, but that APA does not see itself as bearing any responsibility for putting out an accurate product.

    I would suggest waiting until the second printing. If you have purchased a first edition copy, you can go to the APA site and download the errata.

    Happy writing!!!

    1 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted March 20, 2010

    more from this reviewer

    APA's fifth edition was much better written

    As those in academia setting know, publishers make a lot of money by coming out with new editions. With APA format, new editions are often necessary as technology advances and styles change. However, I am disappointed with the organization of the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition. As a psychology graduate student, I am familiar with APA format, but at times need a manual. APA has many rules and stipulations that can be impossible to remember so those who must constantly write in APA, it is necessary to own an APA format manual. The fifth edition was much easier to follow and organized. Perhaps the worst part of the sixth edition was the errors APA had to correct. The sixth edition is slightly smaller than the fifth. I found I had difficulties in finding out in the manual how to correctly format tables and when to italicize or bold. For those who only occasionally have to write APA, I recommend searching the internet for useful APA internet guide sites. I hope the next time APA updates, the manual is better organized. Fortunately, not much has changed from the fifth to the sixth. Don't get me wrong, I enjoy writing APA over other formats, but this manual is useful but difficult to use.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Posted January 18, 2010

    I Also Recommend:

    Something New

    Greeting all,

    I hope this helps people out as much as it's helped me. This manual is divided into eight clearly understandable chapters which this then broken down into sections to help make sense of all the contents of it.

    I would suggest that anyone that is in or planning to attend school for Psychology has to obtain this book for their resources. It will help you create your dissertation correctly and other publications. It helps with the APA format, however it does refer to it more online at a web site through the book.

    This is a necessity if you are in the psychology field.

    Thank you for your time.

    Happy Reading!!

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Posted December 5, 2009

    Not as user friendly as I thought it would be

    I bought this as a reference book, not a book I had to read from cover to cover before I wrote a paper. In my opinion, it could provide much better sample papers. Since many of us rely on the internet now, it would be nice to have more specific examples of how to properly cite various internet references--it seemed there was very few. To be fair, I didn't compare the competitors so I don't know that they are any better. I just recommend you look through this book before you buy. Barnes and Noble had this behind the counter, so unless you leave your spot in line to review, you'll be holding people up. (Though after I got home, I wished I did.) The store could help as well by putting these out where customers can review them. To have to stand in line just to request to look at a book sucks and is a bad practice.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted August 29, 2009

    very helpful and clear

    Greatly appreciate the changed in the 6th Edition to the APA manual. I'm excited to start using it for my research and my writing.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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