Pueblo Peoples on the Pajarito Plateau: Archaeology and Efficiency

Overview

This lively overview of the archaeology of northern New Mexico's Pajarito Plateau argues that Bandelier National Monument and the Pajarito Plateau became the Southwest's most densely populated and important upland ecological preserve when the great regional society centered on Chaco Canyon collapsed in the twelfth century. Some of Chaco's survivors moved southeast to the then thinly populated Pajarito Plateau, where they were able to survive by fundamentally refashioning their society. David E. Stuart, an ...

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Pueblo Peoples on the Pajarito Plateau: Archaeology and Efficiency

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Overview

This lively overview of the archaeology of northern New Mexico's Pajarito Plateau argues that Bandelier National Monument and the Pajarito Plateau became the Southwest's most densely populated and important upland ecological preserve when the great regional society centered on Chaco Canyon collapsed in the twelfth century. Some of Chaco's survivors moved southeast to the then thinly populated Pajarito Plateau, where they were able to survive by fundamentally refashioning their society. David E. Stuart, an anthropologist/archaeologist known for his stimulating overviews of prehistoric settlement and subsistence data, argues here that this re-creation of ancestral Puebloan society required a fundamental rebalancing of the Chacoan model. Where Chaco was based on growth, grandeur, and stratification, the socioeconomic structure of Bandelier was characterized by efficiency, moderation, and practicality.

Although Stuart's focus is on the archaeology of Bandelier and the surrounding area, his attention to events that predate those sites by several centuries and at substantial distances from the modern monument is instructive. Beginning with Paleo-Indian hunter-gatherers and ending with the large villages and great craftsmen of the mid-sixteenth century, Stuart presents Bandelier as a society that, in crisis, relearned from its pre-Chacoan predecessors how to survive through creative efficiencies. Illustrated with previously unpublished maps supported by the most recent survey data, this book is indispensable for anyone interested in southwestern archaeology.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780826349118
  • Publisher: University of New Mexico Press
  • Publication date: 11/16/2010
  • Pages: 160
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author


David E. Stuart, the first student in the State of West Virginia to earn a degree in Anthropology, came to UNM in '67/'68 where he earned the Masters and Ph.D. and, later, an honorary doctorate from WVa Wesleyan College. He has conducted fieldwork in Mexico, Alaska, Ecuador, and the American Southwest, where he continues to publish in both Anthropology and Archaeology. He served the University of New Mexico as a senior academic administrator for many years, and still teaches the Archaeology of New Mexico.
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Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xiii

Part 1 Bandelier National Monument

Juniper Campground 2

The Character of Ancient Places 5

Part 2 The Archaeology of Bandelier and the Pajarito Plateau

Ancient Hunter-Gatherer-Society: The Paleo-Indian Period 22

From Hunters to Gatherers: The Archaic Period 28

The Evolutionary Consequences of Horticulture 39

Early Village Life: The Basketmaker and Pueblo I Periods 43

Power, Complexity, and Failure: The Chaco Period 58

Survival and the Efficiency Lesson: The Upland Period 76

Understanding the Upland Period 89

Water, Land, and Economic Diversity: The Riverine Period 104

Postscript 120

Part 3 Gifts from the Past

Tyuonyi 125

Talus House and Long House 128

Frijolito Ruin 131

Ceremonial Cave and Alcove House 132

Yapashi 134

Painted Cave 136

Tsankawi 138

Other Gifts from the Past 139

Resources 141

About the Author 145

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