Purifying the Nation: Population Exchange and Ethnic Cleansing in Nazi-Allied Romania

Overview

Purifying the Nation is a provocative exploration of the Holocaust in World War II Romania. Vladimir Solonari argues that the persecution of Jews and Roma by the Romanian government was not a response to pressure from the country’s ally, Nazi Germany, but rather stemmed from the vision of an ethnically pure Romania. Through a rigorous, archive-based analysis of the country’s interwar political and intellectual climate and policies and practices during its alliance with the Nazis, Solonari sheds valuable new light...

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Overview

Purifying the Nation is a provocative exploration of the Holocaust in World War II Romania. Vladimir Solonari argues that the persecution of Jews and Roma by the Romanian government was not a response to pressure from the country’s ally, Nazi Germany, but rather stemmed from the vision of an ethnically pure Romania. Through a rigorous, archive-based analysis of the country’s interwar political and intellectual climate and policies and practices during its alliance with the Nazis, Solonari sheds valuable new light on the genocidal activities of one of Hitler’s European satellites.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Austrian History Yearbook
Situates Romania's Holocaust within the larger framework of Ion Antonescu's vision of an ethnically homogenous Greater Romania.

— Daniel M. Pennell

Choice

An important contribution to the literature of the Holocaust in Romania... Highly Recommended.

Slavic Review
Purifying the Nation makes a major contribution to the literature on ethnic cleansing during World War II.

— Irina Livezeanu

Journal of Modern History
A very major addition to the scholarship on the subject.

— Daniel Chirot

International History Review
This well-researched and scrupulous account is not only a significant contribution to Holocaust history, but also to the broader understanding of extremist nationalism and of the Antonescu regime.

— Stanley G. Payne

European History Quarterly
Solonari's work is exciting to read and his thesis is vigorously argued. The material is well organized into chapters, with a good narrative and excellent illustrations... Purifying the Nation is an energetic and keenly-expounded report on research.

— Alex Drace-Francis

Austrian History Yearbook - Daniel M. Pennell

Situates Romania's Holocaust within the larger framework of Ion Antonescu's vision of an ethnically homogenous Greater Romania.

Slavic Review - Irina Livezeanu

Purifying the Nation makes a major contribution to the literature on ethnic cleansing during World War II.

Journal of Modern History - Daniel Chirot

A very major addition to the scholarship on the subject.

International History Review - Stanley G. Payne

This well-researched and scrupulous account is not only a significant contribution to Holocaust history, but also to the broader understanding of extremist nationalism and of the Antonescu regime.

From the Publisher

A valuable contribution to research on nationalism, violence, and statehood in interwar and wartime Southeastern Europe.

Johns Hopkins University Press

European History Quarterly - Alex Drace-Francis

Solonari's work is exciting to read and his thesis is vigorously argued. The material is well organized into chapters, with a good narrative and excellent illustrations... Purifying the Nation is an energetic and keenly-expounded report on research.

Choice

An important contribution to the literature of the Holocaust in Romania... Highly Recommended.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801894084
  • Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Publication date: 1/22/2010
  • Pages: 488
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Vladimir Solonari is an associate professor of history at the University of Central Florida. He was a public policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson Center in 2001.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents

Illustrations

Introduction 1

Pt. I The National Ideal

1 One Ideal or Many? A Short History 7

2 Colonization and Resettlement: Early Romanian Experience 33

3 Into the Nazis' Fold 46

4 Romanian Eugenics: Racism without a "Race" 62

5 Modern Science and Nationalism: Two Romanian Cases 75

6 The Population Exchange with Bulgaria: "An Opportunity Missed"? 95

Pt. II Model Province

7 The New Regime 117

8 The Project: "Model Province" 142

9 Cleansing the Terrain, I: Mass Murder 168

10 Cleansing the Terrain, II: Deportation 200

11 The Cost of Utopia 222

12 What Did They Know? What Did They Do? 230

Pt. III Between the Dream and Reality

13 Romanianization 237

14 Deporting Roma 264

15 Stopping Deportations and Changing Course 291

16 "Voluntary" Population Exchange with Bulgaria 303

17 Getting Ready for the World That Never Came: Planning Population Exchanges 307

18 Letting Them Out, and Keeping Them Out 331

Conclusion 335

Notes 343

Bibliography 419

Index 437

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