Puritan Boston-Quaker Philadelphia / Edition 1

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Based on the biographies of some three hundred people in each city, this book shows how such distinguished Boston families as the Adamses, Cabots, Lowells, and Peabodys have produced many generations of men and women who have made major contributions to the intellectual, educational, and political life of their state and nation. At the same time, comparable Philadelphia families such as the Biddles, Cadwaladers, Ingersolls, and Drexels have contributed far fewer leaders to their state and nation. From the days of Benjamin Franklin and Stephen Girard down to the present, what leadership there has been in Philadelphia has largely been provided by self-made men, often, like Franklin, born outside Pennsylvania.

Baltzell traces the differences in class authority and leadership in these two cites to the contrasting values of the Puritan founders of the Bay Colony and the Quaker founders of the City of Brotherly Love. While Puritans placed great value on the "calling" or devotion to one's chosen vocation, Quakers have always placed more emphasis on being a good person than on being a good judge or statesman. Puritan Boston and Quaker Philadelphia presents a provocative view of two contrasting upper classes and also reflects the author's larger concern with the conflicting values of hierarchy and egalitarianism in American history.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This fascinating book is... a significant illumination of our contemporary crisis of leadership." —Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.

"This is a very impressive work, the crowning achievement of Baltzell's scholarship." —John Lukacs "Such cultural analysis—long out of fashion as too soft (as opposed to econometrics) or too racist (who is to say that one culture is better than another?)—is due for a comeback. It starts to explain, in a way that mere fiscal analysis does not, why Miami has become the gateway to Latin America, why Los Angeles rules the Pacific Rim and why Chicago controls the Midwest. And it helps us to understand how New York City moved in 30 years from the humiliation of near bankruptcy to being the dominant city on earth." —Julia Vitullo-Martin, The Wall Street Journal, October 2006 “A book of clear writing and lively reading, warm concern and sparkling human interest.” —Philadelphia Inquirer “A penetrating and readable study.” —The Boston Globe

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781560008309
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 1/1/1996
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 608
  • Sales rank: 932,068
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.35 (d)

Meet the Author

E. Digby Baltzell (1915-1996) was professor emeritus of sociology at the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of The Protestant Establishment Revisited and Philadelphia Gentlemen.

E. Digby Baltzell (1915-1996) was professor emeritus of sociology at the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of The Protestant Establishment Revisited and Philadelphia Gentlemen.

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Table of Contents

Introduction to the Transaction Edition
Ch. 1 A Problem Defined 1
Pt. I Class Authority and Leadership 17
Ch. 2 Privileged and Ruling Classes: A Theory of Class Authority and Leadership 19
Ch. 3 Boston Brahmins and Philadelphia Gentlemen: An Empirical Test 31
Pt. II Puritan and Quaker Patterns of Culture and Their European Roots 57
Ch. 4 Reformation England: From Brawling Lord to Sober Judge 59
Ch. 5 The Puritan Revolution and the Rise of Quakerism 79
Ch. 6 Puritan and Quaker Patterns of Culture: The Theology of Culture 92
Pt. III The Colonial Experience: Comparative History 107
Ch. 7 The Founding of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania 109
Ch. 8 The Classic Ages of the Two Colonies 123
Ch. 9 Heresy, Hierarchy, and Higher Education 133
Ch. 10 Provincial Boston and Cosmopolitan Philadelphia in the Age of Thomas Hutchinson and Benjamin Franklin 143
Pt. IV The Age of Transition 177
Ch. 11 The Great Generation: Founders of the New Nation 179
Ch. 12 Philadelphia's Silver Age and Boston's Federalist Family Founders 192
Pt. V The National Experience: Comparative Institutions 205
Ch. 13 Wealth: The Fertilizer of Family Trees 207
Ch. 14 Education and Leadership 246
Ch. 15 Boston and Philadelphia and the American Mind 281
Ch. 16 Art and Architecture 306
Ch. 17 The Learned Professions: Law, Medicine, and the Church 335
Ch. 18 The Governing of Men: Deference and Defiant Democracy 369
Pt. VI Two Test Cases 415
Ch. 19 Catholics in Two Cultures 417
Ch. 20 Philadelphia Orthodox Quakerism: A Deviant Case Suggests a Rule 433
Epilogue 453
Appendixes 457
Notes 517
Bibliography 541
Index 555
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