Purpose in the Living World?: Creation and Emergent Evolution

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Are evolution and creation irreconcilably opposed? Is "intelligent design" theory an unhappy compromise? Is there another way of approaching the present-day divide between religious and so-called secular views of the origins of life?
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'Undoubtedly the book presents an invaluable contribution to the scholarly discussion about the meaning of the natural world and its philosophical significance.' Antonianum
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521493406
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 12/31/2008
  • Pages: 322
  • Product dimensions: 5.40 (w) x 8.60 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Jacob Klapwijk is Professor Emeritus of the Department of Philosophy, Free University, Amsterdam.

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Table of Contents

List of figures viii

Preface ix

Introduction 1

1 Does life on earth have a purpose? 4

1 A quest for meaning 4

2 Planned approach 7

2 Creationism, Intelligent Design, and Augustine's idea of time 9

1 Creation and creationism 9

2 Life based on an intelligent design? 12

3 A bridge between science and faith? 20

4 Creation stories and their practical intent 28

5 Augustine: time is a creature of God 32

3 Darwin, neo-Darwinism, and the naturalistic continuity claim 37

1 Darwin's theory of evolution: the CVST algorithm 37

2 Evolution theory and evolutionism 41

3 The ambiguity of naturalism 44

4 Continuity and reducibility? 46

4 Miller's pre-biotic broth and the premises of evolutionism 53

1 Origin of life: a category mistake 53

2 Survival of the fittest: a tautology 59

3 Evolution of science: a performative contradiction 65

5 A cold shudder along Darwin's back 71

1 The durability of biological species 73

2 Gradualism and punctuated equilibria 75

3 The ancient lithographic bird 77

4 God, time, and taxonomy 84

6 The emergence theory of Morgan and Alexander 90

1 Emergence according to Morgan and Alexander 91

2 The intentionality of human consciousness 94

3 Metaphysics and the standpoint of experience 97

7 Luctor et emergo: what is emergent evolution? 103

1 Mozart and "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star" 103

2 Organizational levels in nature 106

3 Entities and modalities 115

4 Supervenience, correlation, and idionomy 118

5 Chimpanzees and the HIV virus 125

6 Michael Behe and his mousetrap 128

8 Toward a general theory of emergent evolution 139

1 John Searle and the mystery of consciousness 140

2 PeterCheckland and the structures of society 146

3 Ontological stratification 153

9 Hominization and the philosophy of mind 160

1 Emergent evolution as a conceptual scheme 160

2 The human person and the mask 164

3 The anthropic principle 172

4 Biological constants? Conway Morris 176

5 Methodological naturalism 181

6 The problem of David Chalmers 185

10 Augustinian faith and evolutionary science 191

1 The creation account and the story of becoming 191

2 Fides quaerit intellectum: a hermeneuric horizon 195

3 Pakicetus, the swimming ungulate 203

4 Personal experiences 208

11 The organism is a whole. The world is a habitat 211

1 J.C. Smuts, holism, and evolution 212

2 Enzymes, neurons, and emotions 213

3 The life-world 220

4 From biosphere to noosphere 225

5 New Age and Brahman 230

12 The slumbering temptation of essentialism 234

1 Is there a creation order? Herman Dooyeweerd 235

2 The standpoint of experience and metaphysics 239

3 The reflective-empirical method 242

4 The reflective-empirical method and living nature 246

5 Type laws: an essentialist error 248

6 Escaping essentialism 254

13 Questions surrounding the emergence process 259

1 Hidden configurations in nature: prions 259

2 John Paul II on the evolution problem 264

3 Ontological profile and evolutionary process: Neanderthals 268

4 The last great narrative 272

14 Enkapsis in nature. Is there an Omega point? 275

1 Self-subordination in Baja California 276

2 "Desert storm" and other miracles 278

3 The kingdom of God as final stage? Teilhard and Laszlo 281

4 Human experiences are ambiguous 287

Bibliography 293

Index 304

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