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Muammar Qaddafi, Libya's mercurial leader, has been in the forefront of political developments in the Middle East and North Africa for almost 40 years. Under King Muhammad Idris al-Mahdi al-Sanusi, Libya's first post-independence ruler, the country had established a close relationship with the United States. The Wheelus Air Force Base near Tripoli served as an important strategic facility for the United States in its containment policy toward the Soviet Union in the early years of the Cold War. The rise of pan-Arab sentiment in neighboring Egypt had galvanized millions in the Arab world to challenge Western domination of the Arab world. Qaddafi, who had fancied himself as the heir to the Egyptian president Gamal Abdul Nasser's charismatic leadership in the Arab world, succeeded in staging a military coup and overthrowing the Libyan monarchy in September 1969. In this well-researched book, Israeli scholar Ronen traces the changes in Libya's foreign policy during Qaddafi's reign. The author analyzes international and regional factors that have contributed to major shifts in Qaddafi's foreign policy posture, his abandonment of pan-Arabism, his embracing of the United States in the post-9/11 era, and his elusive quest for leadership in Africa. This comprehensive book is a timely and welcome addition to the literature on Libyan politics. Highly recommended for academic libraries.