Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theories and Methods / Edition 4

Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theories and Methods / Edition 4

by Robert C. Bogdan, Sari Knopp Biklen, Sari Knopp Biklen, Shari Knopp Biklen
     
 

ISBN-10: 0205375561

ISBN-13: 9780205375561

Pub. Date: 09/10/2002

Publisher: Pearson

Bogdan's and Biklen's (both: Syracuse U.) text is designed to teach qualitative research in education at the graduate level, utilizing examples from education and human services. The fourth edition has been revised to incorporate new material since publication of the previous edition in 1998, and includes added emphasis on the use of technology in qualitative

Overview

Bogdan's and Biklen's (both: Syracuse U.) text is designed to teach qualitative research in education at the graduate level, utilizing examples from education and human services. The fourth edition has been revised to incorporate new material since publication of the previous edition in 1998, and includes added emphasis on the use of technology in qualitative research. A glossary has been added, and glossary terms are boldfaced within the text. Annotation c. Book News, Inc.,Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205375561
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
09/10/2002
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
320
Product dimensions:
7.16(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.74(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
1Foundations of Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction1
Characteristics of Qualitative Research3
Traditions of Qualitative Research7
Disciplinary Traditions7
Chicago Sociology8
The Sociology of Education10
European Connections and the Social Survey Movement11
Ideological and Political Practices14
Ideologies and Social Change14
Politics and Theory in the Academy17
Theoretical Underpinnings21
Phenomenological Approach22
Symbolic Interaction24
A Story26
Culture27
Ethnomethodology29
The Current Theoretical Scene: Cultural Studies, Feminisms, Post Modernism, and Critical Theory30
On Methods and Methodology31
Eleven Common Questions about Qualitative Research32
Ethics42
What Is to Come48
2Research Design49
Choosing a Study51
Case Studies54
Historical Organizational Case Studies55
Observational Case Studies55
Life History56
Documents57
Other Forms of Case Studies60
Case Study Design Issues60
Multi-Case Studies62
Multi-Site Studies63
Modified Analytic Induction63
The Constant Comparative Method66
Additional Issues Related to Design68
Proposal Writing68
Interview Schedules and Observer Guides70
Team Research and the Lone Ranger71
Qualitative Research and Historical Research71
Concluding Remarks72
3Fieldwork73
Gaining Access75
First Days in the Field80
The Participant/Observer Continuum82
Doing Fieldwork in Another Culture84
Researcher Characteristics and Special Problems with Rapport85
Be Discreet89
Researching in Politically Charged and Conflict-Ridden Settings91
Feelings92
Interviewing94
Visual Recording and Fieldwork104
Triangulation107
Leaving the Field108
4Qualitative Data109
Some Friendly Advice110
Fieldnotes110
The Content of Fieldnotes112
The Form of Fieldnotes116
The Process of Writing Fieldnotes118
Transcripts from Taped Interviews121
The Form of Transcripts121
Documents124
Personal Documents124
Official Documents127
Popular Culture Documents129
Photography132
Found Photographs133
Researcher-Produced Photographs140
Photographs as Analysis141
Technique and Equipment141
Official Statistics and Other Quantitative Data143
Concluding Remarks146
5Data Analysis and Interpretation147
Analysis and Interpretation in the Field148
More Tips159
Analysis and Interpretation after Data Collection160
Developing Coding Categories161
Preassigned Coding Systems168
Influences on Coding and Analysis168
The Mechanics of Working with Data172
Interpretation184
Concluding Remarks184
6Writing It Up185
Writing Choices186
Decisions about Your Argument186
Decisions about Your Presence in the Text188
Decisions about Your Audience189
Decisions about Disciplines190
Decisions about the Introduction191
Decisions about the Core of the Paper and Strategies for Communicating Evidence192
Decisions about the Conclusion196
More Writing Tips196
Call It a Draft196
Styles of Presentation197
Overwriting198
"Yes. But...?"199
Keep It Simple Up Front199
Whose Perspective Are You Writing From?199
Jargon and Code200
On Giving Voice201
General Advice202
Criteria for Evaluating Writing202
Is It Convincing?203
Is the Author in Control of the Writing?203
Does It Make a Contribution?203
Texts204
A Final Point about Getting Started205
7Applied Qualitative Research for Education206
Evaluation and Policy Research210
Head Start: Description of a Case Study210
Head Start: Discussion of a Case Study211
Getting Funds211
Relations between the Contractor and the Researcher212
The Research Site214
Feedback215
The Audience216
Timetable216
A Values-Based Approach to Policy Research216
More on the Study218
Selecting Sites218
Field Relations219
Analysis and Dissemination219
Theoretical and Conceptual Understanding220
Action Research221
The Case of It Not Adding Up: Description222
The Case of It Not Adding Up: Discussion224
Political Action Research224
What Action Research Can Do226
The Action Research Approach to Data227
Action Research and the Qualitative Tradition229
Practitioner Uses of Qualitative Research230
Employing Qualitative Research to Improve Your Teaching231
The Qualitative Approach and Teacher Education232
Appendix AExamples of Observational Questions for Educational Settings236
Appendix BExamples of Fieldnotes247
Glossary258
References263
Index283

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