Quantified Eco-Efficiency: An Introduction with Applications / Edition 1by Gjalt Huppes
Pub. Date: 02/21/2007
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Eco-efficiency has long been a concept: the intention of reducing environmental impact while increasing environmental value. Its origins are with the World Business Council for Sustainable Development. However, in a globalized world with sustained economic growth environmental degradation is threatening. Macro level requirements on sustainability should be
Eco-efficiency has long been a concept: the intention of reducing environmental impact while increasing environmental value. Its origins are with the World Business Council for Sustainable Development. However, in a globalized world with sustained economic growth environmental degradation is threatening. Macro level requirements on sustainability should be reflected in the eco-efficiency of choices at a micro level, like on technologies, supply chains and product systems. Eco-efficiency analysis has come to fruition as a fully quantified method for analysis, linking to specific domains of economic modelling, specific environmental models, and several methods for integrating these two domains into eco-efficiency scores. This eco-efficiency analysis can guide choices in policy, business, and consumptions activities, all from a single common background. A central asset of eco-efficiency analysis is that it does not depend on a specific evaluation of environmental impacts against economic effects, avoiding the often disputed results of neo-classical evaluation methods. For integrating the different environmental scores several evaluation methods may be used including those based on willingness-to-pay, panel procedures, and public statements on policy goals. Each may have advantages, but in line with the normative neutrality strived for in eco-efficiency, these preference and value choices may be avoided to some extent. This can be done either by taking a common denominator or by having less demanding objectives, for instance focusing on efficiency of measures only.
Table of Contents
Preface. List of corresponding authors. 1. An introduction to quantified eco-efficiency analysis; Gjalt Huppes and Masanobu Ishikawa.
GENERAL METHODS. 2. Maximum abatement costs for calculating cost-effectiveness of green activities with multiple environmental effects; Tosihiro Oka, Yoshifumi Fujii, Masanobu Ishikawa, Yu Matsuno and Shu Susami. 3. From thermodynamic efficiency to eco-efficiency; Reinout Heijungs. 4. The price of toxicity. Methodology for the assessment of shadow prices for human toxicity, ecotoxicity and abiotic depletion; Toon van Harmelen, René Korenromp, Ceiloi van Deutekom, Tom Ligthart, Saskia van Leeuwen and René van Gijlswijk.
CASES IN AGRICULTURE. 5. Conservation reconsidered: A modified input-output analysis of the economic impact of China’s land conversion policy; Fan Zhang.
CASES IN INDUSTRY. 6. Eco-efficiency in redesigned extended supply chains: furniture as an example; Ottar Michelsen. 7. Practical experiences with reducing industrial use of water and chemicals in the galvanising industry; Johannes Fresner, Josef Mair, Hans Schnitzer, Christoph Brunner, Gernot Gwehenberger and Mikko Planasch. 8. Cost-efficient solutions can speed up ecological (and social) developmentA proposal; Ernst-Josef Spindler.
CASES IN PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION. 9. Environmental performance of households; Mette Wier, Line Block Christoffersen, Jesper Munksgaard, Trine S. Jensen, Ole G. Pedersen and Hans Keiding. 10. Eco-efficiency analysis of an electrochromic smart window prototype; Spiros Papaefthimiou, Elleni Syrrakou and Panayiotis Yianoulis. 11. Upgrade planning for upgradeable product design; Kentaro Watanabe, Yoshiki Shimomura and Akira Matsuda.
CASES IN RECYLING. 12. A strategic policy model for promoting secondary materials use; Nur Indrianti, Shinobu Matsuoka and Masaaki Muraki. 13. Eco-efficiency analysis of the plastic recovery systems in Hyogo eco-town project; Helmut Yabar and Tohru Morioka.
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