Quantified Societal Risk and Policy Making / Edition 1

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Overview

Quantified Societal Risk and Policy Making is the result of an international workshop on societal risk organized by the Dutch Ministry for Transport, Public Works and Water Management with additional financial support from the Directorate for Transportation (DG VII) of the European Union.
Managing risks, whether there is a strong man-made or natural component, basically means assessing alternative options under uncertainty. The possibility of multiple fatalities is one of the factors that can vary between options.
This volume is concerned with one particular type of risk - the risk of death of a number of people in one accident - and with one particular tool - probabilistic risk analysis - as they are developing in various domains of society nowadays. Generally, this risk is labelled societal risk. This book shows how such comparisons are shaped at present in various hazard domains, such as:
  • flood protection
  • location and physical planning of industry
  • transportation of chemicals, and
  • prevention of aircraft accidents.

It examines how to represent aggregate risks from major hazards in ways that can be handled by policy-makers. The purpose of the book is to increase the awareness of societal risk, disseminate available knowledge of existing approaches, and exchange information on applications from various domains.
Quantified Societal Risk and Policy Making should be of interest to all those professionally concerned with defining the optimal separation between hazardous activities and equally desirable developments nearby.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Twenty chapters apply probabilistic risk analysis to the problems of catastrophic accidents. As the protection of populations is one of the tasks of public authorities, models of hypothetical causal hazard chains are investigated with an eye towards public policy recommendations aimed at risk reduction. Among the topics dealt with are: flood hazard management in the Netherlands, industrial hazards at fixed locations, the transportation of hazardous materials, and the process of standard setting for tolerable risk. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792349556
  • Publisher: Springer US
  • Publication date: 2/28/1998
  • Series: Risk, Governance and Society Series , #12
  • Edition description: 1998
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 241
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1 Three conceptions of quantified societal risk 1
2 Flood protection, safety standards and societal risk 19
3 Modeling considerations in the analysis of risk management strategies 37
4 Risk criteria for the transportation of hazardous materials 41
5 The role of societal risk in land use planning near hazardous installations and in assessing the safety of the transport of hazardous materials at the national and local level 49
6 Protection of man and environment in the vicinity of hazardous installations in Germany 62
7 Risk assessment and risk management: tools and organization 66
8 On the risks of transporting dangerous goods 73
9 Accident risk in complementary transport chains 84
10 An applied economy-look at transport safety 97
11 Issues in societal risk of hazardous chemicals: the use of FN diagrams, data reliability and uncertainty 101
12 Side notes on negative consequences and uncertainty 124
13 FN data need supplement of temporal trend analysis 126
14 Risk-based decision making in the transportation sector 132
15 The need for risk benefit analysis 154
16 Societal risk amid other risk concerns: the experience of the great belt project (1987-1996) 158
17 Methods and models for the assessment of third party risk due to aircraft accidents in the vicinity of airports and their implications for societal risk 166
18 Reflections on source-based approaches 205
19 Quality requirements of societal risk models 207
20 Summary of the issues discussed 212
About the participants of the workshop 231
Index 237
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