Quantifying Matter

Overview

States of Matter is a six-volume set that covers many significant aspects of physical science, including atoms, the structure and properties of matter, the nature of nuclear and chemical reactions, the behavior of matter in motion, and how energy and matter interact within the universe. Designed to complement science curricula, the books present the key concepts, terms, and technologies used by scientists and engineers in dealing with matter in its more common states here on Earth (namely gaseous, liquid, solid) ...

See more details below
Hardcover
$43.37
BN.com price
(Save 3%)$45.00 List Price
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (7) from $19.50   
  • New (3) from $47.25   
  • Used (4) from $19.50   
Sending request ...

Overview

States of Matter is a six-volume set that covers many significant aspects of physical science, including atoms, the structure and properties of matter, the nature of nuclear and chemical reactions, the behavior of matter in motion, and how energy and matter interact within the universe. Designed to complement science curricula, the books present the key concepts, terms, and technologies used by scientists and engineers in dealing with matter in its more common states here on Earth (namely gaseous, liquid, solid) and matter in its more extreme states, such as plasma and Bose-Einstein condensates.

Quantifying Matter presents many of the most important intellectual achievements and technical developments leading to the scientific interpretation of substance. When scientists quantify matter, they are attempting to describe certain physical properties or characteristics of matter in an orderly, understandable, and useful manner. This book relates the most significant breakthroughs in accurately quantifying matter, which began during the Scientific Revolution of the 16th century and continue to the present.

The volume also includes information on

atomic nucleus

electromagnetism

nanotechnology

origins of matter

the periodic table, its origin, content, and application of

quantum mechanics

radioactivity

the scientific method

The book contains 50 color photographs and four-color line illustrations, sidebars, the periodic table, a chronology, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. States of Matter is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who wish to learn about the discovery and use of matter and all its intriguing properties.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816076093
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 11/1/2010
  • Series: States of Matter Series
  • Pages: 248
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Acknowledgments xii

Introduction xiii

1 Exploring the Nature of Matter 1

The Atomic Nature of Matter 1

Carbon's Intriguing Paradox 4

The Difference between Pure Substances and Mixtures 7

Scientific Units 10

Ordinary Matter versus Dark Matter 12

Hunting Dark Matter with the Hubble Space Telescope 13

States of Matter 15

2 The Origin of Matter 18

The Big Bang 18

Mass-Energy 23

How Hydrogen and Helium Formed in the Ancient Inferno 27

Fundamental Forces in Nature 29

People Are Made of Stardust 31

3 The Search for Substance 38

Materials and the Rise of Man 38

Metal of Cyprus 44

Early Views of Matter: Earth, Air, Water, and Fire 44

Alchemy 47

Steam and the Industrial Revolution 52

4 Quantifying Matter during the Scientific Revolution 55

An Overview of the Scientific Revolution 55

The Scientific Method 56

The Mechanics of the Universe 59

Blind Alleys: Phlogiston and Caloric Theory 60

Concepts of Density, Pressure, and Temperature 64

Otto von Guericke's Amazing Experiment 65

Elasticity of Matter 66

Rankine-The Other Absolute Temperature 70

Lavoisier and the Rise of Modern Chemistry 70

Dalton Revives Interest in the Atomic Nature of Matter 72

Avogadro's Bold Hypothesis 72

5 Understanding Matter's Electromagnetic Properties 74

Magnetism and the Mysteries of the Lodestone 74

Discovering Electricity: From Ancient Greece to Colonial America 79

Count Alessandro Volta 82

Electricity and Living Things 83

Quantifying the Electric Nature of Matter 85

Michael Faraday's Revolution 86

Maxwell's Electromagnetic Theory 87

Sir Joseph John (J. J.) Thomson Discovers the Electron 88

The Electromagnetic Spectrum 89

6 Periodic Table of the Elements 92

New Chemical Elements Keep Showing Up 92

Searching for a Periodic Law in Chemistry 96

Mendeleev's Periodic Law 98

Modern Periodic Table of Elements 101

Making Ununtrium and Ununpentium 103

Chemical Bonds 105

7 Discovering the Radioactive Nature of Matter 107

X-rays Lead the Way 107

X-rays and Materials Science 110

How X-rays Help Unlock Matter's Secrets 112

X-rays and Quantum Mechanics 114

The Discovery of Radioactivity 115

Marie Curie 116

Measuring the Radioactivity of Matter 118

Matter Consists of Isotopes 122

Tracer Principle 122

Aston's Mass Spectrometer 124

8 Exploring the Atomic Nucleus 126

Ernest Rutherford-Father of the Atomic Nucleus 126

The Bohr Model of the Atom 129

Chadwick Discovers the Neutron 131

Segrè and the First Artificial Element 133

The Discovery of Nuclear Fission 134

Nuclear Fission 135

Dawn of the Nuclear Age 137

9 Contemporary View of Matter 142

Intriguing World of Quantum Mechanics 142

Taking a Really Close-up Look at Matter 143

Photoelectric Effect 144

Rise of Quantum Mechanics 145

Accelerators 147

Lawrence's Amazing Laboratories 148

The Nuclear Particle Zoo 154

The Standard Model 158

10 Manipulating Matter Atom by Atom 161

Integrated Circuit (IC) 162

Thinking Small 166

National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) 167

Nanomedicine 168

Very Special Microscopes 169

Buckyballs 171

The Promise of Nanotechnology 173

11 Conclusion 177

Appendix: Periodic Table of the Elements 180

Elements Listed by Atomic Number 181

Chronology 184

Glossary 195

Further Resources 213

Index 221

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)