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Keith E. Maskus and John S. Wilson gather prominent international trade specialists to ask whether the impacts of such regulations may be quantified systematically in order to inform the international policy debate. The essays included here cover all fronts of the debate over regulatory issues and trade conflicts. The discussion ranges from a review of how trade conflicts emerge and how they are managed by the international trading system to a technical analysis of the potential impact of European restraints on trade in genetically modified products to an examination of methods for estimating the costs of compliance with environmental regulations. Considerable attention is paid to whether the emergence and enforcement of stronger standards among developed economies could result in diminished trade opportunities for developing countries. At the same time, the possibility that standards could expand market access through resolving consumer information problems is analyzed.
This book will appeal to international economists, international relations specialists, and individuals concerned about appropriate regulation of safety and health issues in the global economy.
Keith E. Maskus is Professor of Economics, University of Colorado, Boulder. John S. Wilson is Lead Economist, Development Economics Research Group, The World Bank.
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|Abbreviations and Acronyms|
|1||A Review of Past Attempts and the New Policy Context||1|
|2||An Empirical Framework for Analyzing Technical Regulations and Trade||29|
|3||Regulatory Protectionism, Developing Nations and a Two-Tier World Trade System||59|
|4||Standards and Related Regulations in International Trade: A Modeling Approach||95|
|5||Quantifying the Trade Impact of Compatibility Standards and Barriers: An Industrial Organization Perspective||137|
|6||GMOs, Trade Policy and Welfare in Rich and Poor Countries||155|
|7||Quantifying the Trade Impact of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards: What is Known and Issues of Importance for Sub-Saharan Africa||185|
|8||Measuring Environmental Compliance Costs and Economic Consequences: A Perspective from the U.S.||219|