Quarks, Leptons and The Big Bang, Second Edition / Edition 2

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Overview

Quarks, Leptons and The Big Bang is a clear, readable and self-contained introduction to particle physics and related areas of cosmology. It bridges the gap between non-technical popular accounts and textbooks for advanced students. The book concentrates on presenting the subject from the modern perspective of quarks, leptons and the forces between them. This book will be of interest to students, teachers and general science readers interested in fundamental ideas of modern physics.

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Editorial Reviews

The Observatory
Quarks, Leptons and the Big Bang is a great guidebook for anyone who wants to take a stroll through the fantastic scenery of modern particle physics and cosmology. By the end of the trip, you'll understand an awful lot about what you saw on the way.
Physics Education
Jonathan Allday's clearly written and well produced Quarks, Leptons and the Big Bang will be warmly welcomed by a number of general science readers, and should also find a place in all school and college libraries...should be seriously considered as recommended supplementary reading by those university lecturers teaching specialized courses on particle physics who think that their students might benefit from a simple non-mathematical overview of the subject.
From The Critics
Allday (King's School, Canterbury) links objects and forces much smaller than atoms with the origin of the universe. His treatment is a bit too technical to be popular, but less so than a textbook: he assumes readers to be familiar with energy, momentum, force, and mathematics at an advanced undergraduate level. He has updated the 1998 edition with recent results at CERN, and tilted the balance a bit more towards cosmology. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780750308069
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 12/28/2001
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 426
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the second edition
Preface to the first edition
Prelude: Setting the scene 1
1 The standard model 5
1.1 The fundamental particles of matter 5
1.2 The four fundamental forces 10
1.3 The big bang 14
2 Aspects of the theory of relativity 21
2.1 Momentum 21
2.2 Kinetic energy 28
2.3 Energy 31
2.4 Energy and mass 32
2.5 Reactions and decays 37
3 Quantum theory 42
3.1 The double slot experiment for electrons 44
3.2 What does it all mean? 49
3.3 Feynman's picture 50
3.4 A second experiment 53
3.5 How to calculate with amplitudes 56
3.6 Following amplitudes along paths 59
3.7 Amplitudes, states and uncertainties 72
4 The leptons 85
4.1 The spotter's guide to the leptons 85
4.2 The physical properties to the leptons 87
4.3 Neutrino reactions with matter 89
4.4 Some more reactions involving neutrinos 93
4.5 'Who ordered that?' 95
4.6 Solar neutrinos again 98
5 Antimatter 101
5.1 Internal properties 101
5.2 Positrons and mystery neutrinos 107
5.3 Antiquarks 110
5.4 The general nature of antimatter 112
5.5 Annihilation reactions 114
6 Hadrons 118
6.1 The properties of the quarks 118
6.2 A review of the strong force 122
6.3 Baryons and mesons 123
6.4 Baryon families 124
6.5 Meson families 129
6.6 Internal properties of particles 131
7 Hadron reactions 134
7.1 Basic ideas 134
7.2 Basic processes 135
7.3 Using conservation laws 140
7.4 The physics of hadron reactions 142
8 Particle decays 148
8.1 The emission of light by atoms 148
8.2 Baryon decay 149
8.3 Meson decays 162
8.4 Strangeness 164
8.5 Lepton decays 165
9 The evidence for quarks 167
9.1 The theoretical idea 167
9.2 Deep inelastic scattering 167
9.3 Jets 173
9.4 The November revolution 178
10 Experimental techniques 181
10.1 Basic ideas 181
10.2 Accelerators 182
10.3 Targets 188
10.4 Detectors 190
10.5 A case study - DELPHI 197
Interlude 1: CERN 203
11 Exchange forces 210
11.1 The modern approach to forces 210
11.2 Extending the idea 217
11.3 Quantum field theories 222
11.4 Grand unification 234
11.5 Exotic theories 236
11.6 Final thoughts 237
Interlude 2: Antihydrogen 241
12 The big bang 244
12.1 Evidence 244
12.2 Explaining the evidence 251
13 The geometry of space 267
13.1 General relativity and gravity 267
13.2 Geometry 269
13.3 The geometry of the universe 272
13.4 The nature of gravity 276
13.5 The future of the universe? 279
14 Dark matter 284
14.1 The baryonic matter in the universe 284
14.2 The evidence for dark matter 286
14.3 What is the dark matter? 298
Interlude 3: A brief history of cosmology 319
15 Inflation - a cure for all ills 326
15.1 Problems with the big bang theory 326
15.2 Inflation 334
15.3 The return of [Lambda] 357
15.4 The last word on galaxy formation 366
15.5 Quantum cosmology 368
15.6 The last word 370
Postlude: Philosophical thoughts 374
App. 1 Nobel Prizes in physics 378
App. 2: Glossary 386
App. 3 Particle data tables 403
App. 4: Further reading 408
Index 413
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