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QuarkXPress5 For Dummies
By Barbara Assadi Galen Gruman
John Wiley & SonsISBN: 0-7645-0643-9
Chapter OneIntroducing QuarkXPress
In This Chapter
* Getting familiar with menus, dialog boxes, and keyboard shortcuts
* Exploring QuarkXPress's Tool palette and Measurements palette
When the first personal computer shipped in the early 1980s, a quiet revolution began. The turning point in that revolution was the introduction of desktop publishing in the mid-1980s, which let anyone anywhere become a publisher. Soon, anyone with a message could get it out to the world. That revolutionized much of business and society. You, too, are a revolutionary. And by buying QuarkXPress and this book, you have taken up the cause.
Over the years, QuarkXPress has become the best desktop publishing tool around. Professionals know that, which is why they have made QuarkXPress the corporate standard for magazine, newspaper, and catalog publishing. It is also an effective book-publishing tool, thanks to its capability of index documents and creating tables of contents and multichapter books. Now the folks at Quark have upped the ante again with the release of QuarkXPress 5. In addition to hosting a boatload of new desktop-publishing features (including the long delayed, though very welcome inclusion of a table-making tool), 5 boasts an entire suite of publishing tools for the World Wide Web, including tools for creating forms, radio buttons, hyperlinks and "hot spots." In short, ifever you wanted to limit your publishing options to just one or two applications, you certainly can't go wrong choosing QuarkXPress 5 to be among them.
You may feel a little daunted by QuarkXPress. Relax. Throughout this book, we walk you through the program to familiarize you with all it has to offer. You may be a bit intimidated by the vast layers of panes, palettes, tools, and menus you see before you. Don't be. Working with QuarkXPress is like working with a new person at the office - things may be awkward at first, but after you get to know each other, you find you can do great things together.
A Familiar Interface
First, you'll no doubt notice that the QuarkXPress interface bears a strong resemblance to the features used by other Windows and Macintosh programs. If you use other programs, you already know how to use QuarkXPress components such as file folders, document icons, and the set of menus at the top of the document window.
You create a document by choosing File[right arrow] New[right arrow] Document or open an existing document by choosing File[right arrow] Open[right arrow] Document. The program displays a window similar to the ones shown in Figure 1-1.
This book is for both Windows and Macintosh users. We use both Windows and Mac screen shots throughout the book - unless the two platforms' versions of QuarkXPress have significant differences. In those cases we show screens from both.
When you display a document in either Windows or Macintosh, you'll notice a few visual elements:
The menu bar appears across the top of the document window. To display a menu on a Mac, click the menu title and, if you're using an older version of operating software, hold down the mouse button. (In Windows or Mac OS 9 or later, just click the menu title; you don't need to hold down the mouse button.)
From the menu, you can select any of the active menu commands. QuarkXPress displays inactive menu commands with dimmed (grayed-out) letters. When commands are dimmed, it means that these commands are not currently available to you - they're inactive.
To select one of the active menu commands, hold down the mouse button as you slide through the menu selections. (As you get used to the program, you can avoid using menus by using the keyboard equivalents for menu selections instead. Keyboard equivalents are displayed to the right of the command names in the menu.)
If an arrow appears to the right of a menu command, QuarkXPress displays a second, associated menu when you choose that command. Sometimes this secondary menu appears automatically when you highlight the first menu command; other times, you must continue to hold down the mouse and slide it to the submenu name in order to activate the menu. This may sound a little confusing on paper. But go ahead and try it. You'll find it's no big deal. (Again, in Windows or Mac OS 9 or later, you don't need to hold down the mouse button; just click the arrow to make the submenu appear.) Figure 1-2 shows the Style menu and the secondary menu that appears when you select the Font menu command.
Some menu commands are followed by a series of dots called an ellipsis (...). If you choose a menu command whose name is followed by an ellipsis, a dialog box appears. Figure 1-3 shows a dialog box. Dialog boxes give you a great deal of control over how QuarkXPress applies specific features or functions to your document.
Some dialog boxes also contain submenus. If a menu has a submenu associated with it, an arrowhead appears to the right of the menu entry. In addition to submenus, QuarkXPress includes several pop-up menus, which appear when you make certain selections in a dialog box. Figure 1-3 shows a pop-up menu for text justification.
QuarkXPress uses tabs, a semi-new kind of dialog box that merges several dialog boxes into one. In fact, you'll often see six or seven of these tabs - similar to what you see on a file folder in an office cabinet - in a single dialog box. Like the file folders in an office cabinet, these tabs keep a large amount of stuff organized in one tidy spot. Click the tab, and it comes to the forefront, showing you the options for that tab (refer to Figure 1-3). You simply work with each tab you want within the dialog box.
You can select some QuarkXPress functions through pull-down menus, some through palettes, some through keyboard shortcuts, and some through all three options. Most new users begin by using menus because menus are so readily available and familiar. But as you become more comfortable using the program, you may want to save time by using the other options as well, particularly the keyboard shortcuts.
Suppose that you want to move from page one of a document to page three. You can change pages by choosing Go To from the Page menu, or you can use the keyboard shortcut: Press and hold the Command key (*) or Ctrl key while you press the J key. In this book, we write this key combination as follows: *+J (Macintosh shortcut) or Ctrl+J (Windows shortcut). The Macintosh shortcut appears first, followed by the Windows shortcut. If the two platforms use the same shortcut, we list the shortcut just once.
In most cases, the Mac's * key and the Windows Ctrl key are the same, as are the Mac's Option key and the Windows Alt key. Shift is the same on both, whereas the Control key exists only on the Mac and has no Windows equivalent. On both platforms, the Return key is the same as the Enter key (some keyboards use one word whereas some keyboards use the other); in neither case do we mean the Enter key that appears on the keyboard's numeric keypad at the far right of the keyboard. (To avoid confusion, we say "Return" for the key that inserts a new paragraph or activates a command, and we say "keypad Enter" when we mean the key on the numeric keypad.)
The Tool and Measurement Palettes
One of the coolest features of the QuarkXPress interface is its palettes, which let you perform a wide range of functions on an open document without having to access pull-down menus. Like context menus and keyboard shortcuts, palettes are huge time-savers, and you'll undoubtedly find yourself using them all the time. Without a doubt, the Tool palette (see Figure 1-4) and the Measurements palette are the most commonly used. In fact, you'll probably keep these two palettes open all the time. You can find both palettes by choosing View[right arrow]Tools[right arrow]Show Tools, and View[right arrow]Show Measurements. The following list describes the contents of the two palettes.
To use a tool on the palette, you first need to activate the tool. To activate a tool, just click it. Depending on which tool you select, the cursor takes on a different look to reflect the function the tool performs (see "A Myriad of Mouse Pointers" later in this chapter). When you click the Linking tool, for example, the cursor looks like links in a chain.
Throughout the book, we explain in greater detail many of the functions you can perform with the Tool palette. But, for now, the following sections give brief descriptions of each tool.
The Item tool controls the size and positioning of items. In other words, when you want to change the shape, location, or presence of a text box, picture box, or line, you use the Item tool. We discuss text boxes, picture boxes, etc. in detail later in this book. For now, just keep in mind that the Item tool lets you select, move, group, ungroup, cut, copy and paste text boxes, picture boxes, lines and groups. When you click the Item tool on a box, the box becomes active, which means that you can change or move the box. Sizing handles appear on the sides of the active box; you can click and drag these handles to make the box a different size.
The Content tool controls the internal aspects of items on a page. Functions that you can perform with the Content tool include importing (putting text into a text box, or putting a picture into a picture box), cutting, copying, pasting, and editing text.
To edit text in a text box, select the Content tool. Then select the areas of text you want to edit by clicking and dragging the Content tool to highlight the text or by using different numbers of mouse button clicks, as follows:
When the Content tool cursor changes to a hand shape, you can use the tool to move the contents of the picture box around the inside the picture box. You can also use it to manipulate the picture's contents, such as applying shades, colors, or printing effects. Again, we discuss the in and outs of text boxes and picture boxes in more detail later in this book. For now, just keep in mind the Content - and the aforementioned Item tool - go hand-in-hand with these boxes.
Use the Rotation tool to rotate items on a page. You can click a text box, picture box or line, and rotate it by dragging it to the angle you want. You also can rotate items on a page in other ways, which include using the Measurements palette and the Modify command in the Item menu.
You may want to change the magnification of a page on-screen. For example, you may be making copy edits on text that is set in 8-point type; increasing the displayed size of the text makes it easier to see what you are doing as you edit. The Zoom tool lets you reduce or enlarge the view you see in the document window. When you select the Zoom tool, the cursor looks like a small magnifying glass; when you hold the cursor over the document window and click the mouse button, QuarkXPress increases or decreases the magnification of that section of the screen in increments of 25 percent. (To increase magnification, choose the Zoom tool and click on your document. To decrease magnification, choose the Zoom tool, hold the Option or Alt key, and click on your document.)
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