Quasicrystals: Volume 553

Overview

Developments indicate that quasicrystals are promising candidates for applications such as coatings, metal-matrix components, hydrogen storage materials, thermal barriers, and infrared sensors. This book, first published in 1999, specifically focuses on progress in the preparation and properties of quasicrystalline for use in technological applications. Papers address commercial application, physical properties, electronic structure, atomic-scale structure, phase equilibria and highlights include some of the ...
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2000 Hard cover New. No dust jacket as issued. Sewn binding. Cloth over boards. 524 p. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (Hardcover), 553. Audience: ... General/trade. BRAND NEW. gift quality. Read more Show Less

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Overview

Developments indicate that quasicrystals are promising candidates for applications such as coatings, metal-matrix components, hydrogen storage materials, thermal barriers, and infrared sensors. This book, first published in 1999, specifically focuses on progress in the preparation and properties of quasicrystalline for use in technological applications. Papers address commercial application, physical properties, electronic structure, atomic-scale structure, phase equilibria and highlights include some of the first applications of quasicrystalline materials. One such product is a high-strength steel used in surgical tools and electric shavers. The steel contains quasicrystalline precipitates which are unusually stable against Ostwald ripening. This stability is attributed to the low interfacial energy of the precipitates and provides flexibility by making the steel resistant to overaging. An aluminum alloy that meets the specific US Air Force goal of high strength at elevated temperatures is also discussed. A quasicrystalline thermal barrier coating which combines low thermal conductivity and plastic behavior at high temperatures is looked at.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The quasicrystals under concern here are not glass cut to look like diamonds if the light is dim enough, but well-ordered but aperiodic structures with classically forbidden rotation symmetries such as five-fold and ten-fold rotation axes. They are metallic alloys, often aluminum rich. The 66 papers here consider recent developments regarding them in such areas as commercial applications, physical properties, electronic structure, atomic-scale structure, phase equilibria, and growing high-quality samples. They are reproduced from typescripts, some double spaced. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781558994591
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 3/26/1999
  • Series: MRS Proceedings Series
  • Pages: 524
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 1.18 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Processing of Al-Cu-Fe Quasicrystalline Single Grains 3
Fabrication of High Quality QC Films Via the Route of the Amorphous Phase 13
Selective Growth of Decagonal Al-Co Thin Films by Reactive Diffusion: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Aspects 19
Phase Diagram Determination for Modifications of the D-Phase in the Al-AlCo-AiNi System 25
Crystal Growth of a Decagonal Al-Co-Ni Quasicrystal 37
Containeriess Solidification Studies of the 1/1 Phase in Ti-(Mn,Cr,Fe)-Si-O Alloys 43
Influence of Hydrogen on the Thermal Stability of Zr-Based Quasicrystals 49
Self-Similar Porosity in Quasicrystals 55
Diffusion in Icosahedral Al-Pd-Mn Quasicrystals 67
Study of Al Surface Segregation in Icosahedral Al[subscript 62]Cu[subscript 25.5]Fe[subscript 12.5] 75
The Dodecagonal Quasicrystalline Telluride (Ta,V)[subscript 1.6]Te and its Crystalline Approximant (Ta,V)[subscript 97]Te[subscript 60] 83
Phase Diagrams and Approximants 95
Atom Clusters in a 2/1 Cubic Approximant Phase for Understanding the Structures of Icosahedral Phases 107
Structural Studies of Al[subscript 55]Si[subscript 7]Cu[subscript 25.5]Fe[subscript 12.5] 1/1-Cubic Approximant by Means of X-Ray Rietveld Method and HAADF-STEM 117
The Atomic Structure of the Zn-Mg-Rare-Earth Quasicrystals Studied by High-Resolution Electron Microscopy 123
Crystal Structure of Hexagonal Phases and its Relation to Icosahedral Quasicrystalline Phase in Zn-Mg-RE (RE = Rare Earth) System 129
Hydrogen Sites in the [alpha](TiCrSiO) 1/1 Approximant Phase 135
EXAFS Evidence for Atom Location in Icosahedral TiZrNi and Hydrogenated TiZrNi Quasicrystals 141
Discerning Phason Coherency in Quasicrystalline Systems 147
A Decagonal Al[subscript 70]Mn[subscript 17]Pd[subscript 13] Quasicrystal Structure With a Non-Centrosymmetric 5D Space Group 153
Structural Phase Transitions of Decagonal Quasicrystals 159
Modifications 7 And 8 of Decagonal Al-Co-Ni 171
Structural Studies of Decagonal Quasicrystals and Approximants Using the High-Angle Annular Dark-Field Method 177
Phason Strain in Al[subscript 70]Ni[subscript 10]Co[subscript 20] Decagonal Quasicrystal 183
Chemical Disorder and Columnar Vacancies in Ideal Decagonal Al-Ni-Co Quasicrystals 189
Nano-Quasicrystalline Particles in Mn-Ion Implanted GaAs 197
Interfaces in Quasicrystalline Systems 209
Melting and Solidification Behavior of Lead Particles Embedded in Quasicrystalline Matrices 213
Surface Characteristics of Quasicrystalline Materials: An Overview of Work Conducted at Ames Laboratory 219
The Katz-Gratias-de Boissieu-Eiser Model Applied to the Surface of Icosahedral AlPdMn 231
Clustered, Terraced and Mixed Surfaces Phases of the Al[subscript 70]Pd[subscript 21]Mn[subscript 9] Quasicrystal 237
Characterization and Properties of the AlPdMn 5 Surface 243
LEED Investigations of a Cubic Al-Pd-Mn (110) Alloy 251
Symmetry Changes at the Surface of Al[subscript 70]Pd[subscript 20]Mn[subscript 10] 257
Room Temperature Oxidation of Al-Cu-Fe and Al-Cu-Fe-Cr Quasicrystals 263
Oxidation of Al-Cu-Fe Quasicrystals 269
Electrochemical Pitting and Repassivation on Icosahedral Al-Cu-Fe, and a Comparison With Crystalline Phases 275
Bulk Mechanical Properties of Quasicrystals 283
Plastic Deformation of Al-Cu-Fe Icosahedral Quasicrystals 295
Observations of Pure Climb Dislocation Movements in Al-Pd-Mn 301
Plasticity of Quasicrystals 307
The Activation Parameters and the Mechanisms of Plastic Deformation of Al-Pd-Mn Single Quasicrystals 319
Plastic Deformation of Approximants: Dislocations vs. Phason Lines 325
Deformation Behavior and Internal Stress of Icosahedral Al-Pd-Mn With Decagonal Phase Lamellae at Elevated Temperatures 331
Numerical Simulations of Plasticity and Fracture in Quasicrystals 337
Electronic Structure of Quasicrystals 347
Hybridization Effect on Electron Transport Properties of Rhombic Triacontahedral-Type Al[subscript 60-x]Mg[subscript 40]X[subscript x] (X = Zn, Cu, Ag, and Pd) 1/1-Cubic Approximants 359
Metal-Insulator Transitionlike Behavior in Several Icosahedral Phases 365
A New Series of Al-Pd-Based Ordered Icosahedral Quasicrystals and Their Electrical Resistivities 373
Porous Structure and High Electrical Resistivity of AlPdRe Icosahedral Phase 379
Modulated Photocurrent Measurements on Icosahedral Quasicrystals of the Al-Pd-Re System 385
Optical Properties of Icosahedral Al[subscript 59]B[subscript 3]Cu[subscript 25.5]Fe[subscript 12.5] Quasicrystalline Alloy 391
On the Thermoelectric Power and Transport Properties of Quasicrystals 397
Thermal Expansion and Grunelsen Parameters of Quasicrystals 403
Thermal and Electronic Properties of an Al-Co-Fe-Cr Approximant of the Decagonal Phase 409
Neutron Scattering Study of Antiferromagnetic Correlations in the Zn-Mg-Ho Icosahedral Quasicrystal 415
Ising Model Simulation of Magnetic Structures in a Zn-Mg-Ho Structure Model 427
Preparation and Properties of Solar Selective Absorbers Based on AlCuFe and AlCuFeCr Thin Films: Industrial Aspects 435
Application of Quasicrystalline Materials as Thermal Barriers in Aeronautics and Future Perspectives of Use for These Materials 447
Dry Sliding of Polygrained Quasicrystalline and Crystalline Al-Cu-Fe Alloys 459
Ti/Zr-Based Quasicrystals - Formation, Structure and Hydrogen Storage Properties 471
Measurements of the Hydrogen Absorption Pressure-Composition Isotherms in Ti/Zr-Based Quasicrystals 483
Potential of Quasicrystals and Quasicrystalline Approximants for Utilization in Small-Scale Thermoelectric Refrigation and Power Generation Applications 489
Development of High-Strength Aluminum-Based Alloys by Synthesis of New Multicomponent Quasicrystals 495
Mechanical properties of Quasicrystal Dispersed Al-Li-Cu Alloy 507
Experimental Observations and Theoretical Modelling of Equilibrium Quasicrystalline Phase in a Commercial Maraging Steel 513
Author Index 521
Subject Index 523
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