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Questions That Matter: An Invitation to Philosophy, Brief Version / Edition 3
     

Questions That Matter: An Invitation to Philosophy, Brief Version / Edition 3

by Ed. Miller, Jon Jensen
 

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ISBN-10: 0072975016

ISBN-13: 9780072975017

Pub. Date: 08/08/2005

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

This accessible text-reader includes extensive student pedagogy—running summaries, high-interest boxes, biographies, epigrams, a philosophical dictionary, and a timeline/map. The new edition offers a new chapter on virtue ethics, new cases and questions from environmental and biomedical ethics, a new chapter on communitarian and feminist critiques of

Overview

This accessible text-reader includes extensive student pedagogy—running summaries, high-interest boxes, biographies, epigrams, a philosophical dictionary, and a timeline/map. The new edition offers a new chapter on virtue ethics, new cases and questions from environmental and biomedical ethics, a new chapter on communitarian and feminist critiques of contemporary liberalism, and more!

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780072975017
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Education
Publication date:
08/08/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
512
Sales rank:
829,898
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
INTRODUCTION: THE NATURE OF PHILOSOPHY

CHAPTER 1: WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?
The Word Itself
The Fields of Philosophy
A Rational, Critical Enterprise
Differing Conceptions
A Working Definition

Professor Miller's Four Principles
Chapter 1 in Review

CHAPTER 2: A LITTLE LOGIC
The Three Laws of Thought
What Is An Argument?
Informal Fallacies
Chapter 2 in Review
PART ONE: THE QUESTION OF REALITY

CHAPTER 3: THE IDEA OF FORM
Plato and Socrates
The Two Worlds: Appearance and Reality
The Theory of the Forms
Degrees of Reality and Knowledge
The Good, the Sun, and the Cave
Aristotle's Criticism of Plato
Aristotle's View of Form
After Plato and Aristotle
Chapter 3 in Review

CHAPTER 4: MIND AND MATTER
Descartes: The Father of Modern Philosophy
"What Can I Know for Certain?"
The Intuition of Mind
The Deduction of God
The Deduction of Matter
Some Objections
The Mind-Body Problem
Mind: A Set of Dispositions or Functions
Chapter 4 in Review

CHAPTER 5: MATERIALISM
What Is Materialism?
Man a Machine
The New Materialism
Are the Mind and Body Identical?
Beyond Freedom and Dignity: Skinner
Are All Things Determined?
Chapter 5 in Review
PART TWO: THE QUESTION OF KNOWLEDGE

CHAPTER 6: THE WAY OF REASON
Two Main Theories about the Basis of Knowledge
Reason as the Basic of Knowledge
The Rationalism of Plato
The Rationalism of Descartes
A Contemporary Version: Chomsky
Chapter 6 in Review

CHAPTER 7: THE WAY OF EXPERIENCE
What Is Empiricism?
Classical Empiricism: Aristotle and St. Thomas
Modern Empiricism: Locke
Radical Empiricism: Hume
Chapter 7 in Review

CHAPTER 8: THE PROBLEM OF CERTAINTY
Kant and Hume
Some Important Terminology
Is There Synthetic A Priori Knowledge?
The Limits of Reason
Chapter 8 in Review
PART THREE: THE QUESTION OF GOD

CHAPTER 9: GOD AND THE WORLD
Natural Theology
The Cosmological Argument
The Teleological Argument
The Problem of Causality
Chapter 9 in Review

CHAPTER 10: RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE
The Experience of the Numinous
The Mystical Ascent
Mysticisms East
The Way of Zen
Is Religious Experience Evidence for God?
Chapter 10 in Review

CHAPTER 11: GOD AND EVIL
What Is the Problem?
Some Solutions
Evil as a Privation of Goodness
The Free-Will Defense
Evil as Therapy
Evil Is Irrational
Chapter 11 in Review
PART FOUR: THE QUESTION OF MORALITY

CHAPTER 12: CHALLENGES TO MORALITY
The Challenge of Relativism
The Challenge of Determinism
The Challenge of Existentialism
Chapter 12 in Review

CHAPTER 13: UTILITARIANISM
What Is Utilitarianism?
Bentham's Version: Quantity over Quality
Mill's Version: Quality over Quantity
Some Objections
Chapter 13 in Review

CHAPTER 14: THE ROLE OF DUTY
Morality as Unconditional
The Good Will
Kant's Categorical Imperative
The Test of Moral Actions
Some Objections
Chapter 14 in Review

CHAPTER 15: VIRTUE
Character and Action
Aristotle on Happiness and Virtue
The Virtues
Objections
Is There a Natural Law?
Chapter 15 in Review

Glossary

Acknowledgments

Index

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