Quixote's Soldiers: A Local History of the Chicano Movement, 1966-1981

Quixote's Soldiers: A Local History of the Chicano Movement, 1966-1981

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by David Montejano
     
 

In the mid-1960s, San Antonio, Texas, was a segregated city governed by an entrenched Anglo social and business elite. The Mexican American barrios of the west and south sides were characterized by substandard housing and experienced seasonal flooding. Gang warfare broke out regularly. Then the striking farmworkers of South Texas marched through the city and set

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Overview

In the mid-1960s, San Antonio, Texas, was a segregated city governed by an entrenched Anglo social and business elite. The Mexican American barrios of the west and south sides were characterized by substandard housing and experienced seasonal flooding. Gang warfare broke out regularly. Then the striking farmworkers of South Texas marched through the city and set off a social movement that transformed the barrios and ultimately brought down the old Anglo oligarchy. In Quixote's Soldiers, David Montejano uses a wealth of previously untapped sources, including the congressional papers of Henry B. Gonzalez, to present an intriguing and highly readable account of this turbulent period.

Montejano divides the narrative into three parts. In the first part, he recounts how college student activists and politicized social workers mobilized barrio youth and mounted an aggressive challenge to both Anglo and Mexican American political elites. In the second part, Montejano looks at the dynamic evolution of the Chicano movement and the emergence of clear gender and class distinctions as women and ex-gang youth struggled to gain recognition as serious political actors. In the final part, Montejano analyzes the failures and successes of movement politics. He describes the work of second-generation movement organizations that made possible a new and more representative political order, symbolized by the election of Mayor Henry Cisneros in 1981.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780292722903
Publisher:
University of Texas Press
Publication date:
07/01/2010
Pages:
360
Sales rank:
384,595
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 1

Part 1 The Conflict Within 8

1 The Leaking Caste System 13

2 Barrios at War 30

3 Organizing Unity 55

4 A Congressman Reacts 80

5 Kill the Gringos! 99

6 The Berets Rise Up 117

Part 2 Marching Together Separately 144

7 Women Creating Space 151

8 Batos Claiming Legitimacy 172

9 Fragmenting Elements 191

Part 3 After the Fury 208

10 Several Wrong Turns 213

11 A Transformation 237

Appendix: On Intepreting the Chicano Movement 263

Notes 271

Glossary 319

Bibliography 321

Index 335

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