Race and Ethnicity in the United States / Edition 7

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A concise introduction to race and ethnicity in the United States

Based on the opening chapters of the best-selling Racial and Ethnic Groups by the same author, this text covers the major topics that anchor courses in multiculturalism, diversity, and race and ethnic relations.

Six main topics are covered:

  • Theories and concepts in race and ethnicity
  • Prejudice
  • Discrimination
  • Immigration in the U.S.
  • Religion
  • The diverse population of the U.S.

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  • Improve Critical Thinking — Review Questions and Critical Thinking Questions at the end of each chapter help to reinforce key points and encourage students to think more deeply about the key topics of the chapter.
  • Engage Students — The student-friendly narrative clearly explains each topic.
  • Explore Theory —Research Focus boxed features highlight relevant research in the subject area of each chapter.
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Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit:

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205216338
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 3/6/2012
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 272
  • Sales rank: 124,060
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Richard T. Schaefer grew up in Chicago at a time when neighborhoods were going through transitions in ethnic and racial composition. He found himself increasingly intrigued by what was happening, how people were reacting, and how these changes were affecting neighborhoods and people’s jobs. In high school, he took a course in sociology. His interest in social issues caused him to gravitate to more sociology courses at Northwestern University, where he eventually received a B.A. in sociology.

“Originally as an undergraduate I thought I would go on to law school and become a lawyer. But after taking a few sociology courses, I found myself wanting to learn more about what sociologists studied and was fascinated by the kinds of questions they raised,” Dr. Schaefer says. “Perhaps the most fascinating and, to me, relevant to the 1960s was the intersection of race, gender, and social class.” This interest led him to obtain his M.A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago. Dr. Schaefer’s continuing interest in race relations led him to write his master’s thesis on the membership of the Ku Klux Klan and his doctoral thesis on racial prejudice and race relations in Great Britain.

Dr. Schaefer went on to become a professor of sociology. He has taught sociology and courses on multiculturalism for thirty years. He has been invited to give special presentations to students and faculty on racial and ethnic diversity in Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, and Texas.

Dr. Schaefer is the author of Racial and Ethnic Groups , twelfth edition census update (Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011). Dr. Schaefer is the General Editorgeneral editor of the three-volume Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society (2008). He is also the author of the twelfth edition of Sociology (2010), the eighth edition of Sociology: A Brief Introduction (2009), and the fourth edition of Sociology Matters (2008). Schaefer co-authored with William Zellner the eighth edition of Extraordinary Groups (2008). His articles and book reviews have appeared in many journals, including American Journal of Sociology, Phylon: A Review of Race and Culture, Contemporary Sociology, Sociology and Social Research, Sociological Quarterly, and Teaching Sociology. He served as president of the Midwest Sociological Society from 1994 to 1995. In recognition of his achievements in undergraduate teaching, he was named Vincent de Paul Professor of Sociology in 2004.

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Table of Contents

In this Section:

1) Brief Table of Contents

2) Full Table of Contents

1) Brief Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Exploring Race and Ethnicity

Chapter 2: Prejudice

Chapter 3: Discrimination

Chapter 4: Immigration

Chapter 5: Ethnicity and Religion

Chapter 6: The Nation as a Kaleidoscope

2) Full Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Exploring Race and Ethnicity

What Is a Subordinate Group?

Types of Subordinate Groups

Racial Groups

Ethnic Groups

Religious Groups

Listen to Our Voices: Problem of the Color Line, W.E.B. Du Bois

Gender Groups

Other Subordinate Groups

Does Race Matter?

Biological Meaning

Social Construction of Race

Biracial and Multiracial Identity: Who Am I?

Research Focus: Measuring Multiracial Identity

Sociology and the Study of Race and Ethnicity

Stratification by Class and Gender

Theoretical Perspectives

The Creation of Subordinate-Group Status




The Consequences of Subordinate-Group Status







The Pluralist Perspective

Matrix of Domination: Minority Women

Resistance and Change

Chapter 2 Prejudice

Prejudice and Discrimination

Merton’s Typology

LaPiere’s Study

White Privilege

Theories of Prejudice

Scapegoating Theory

Authoritarian Personality Theory

Exploitation Theory

Normative Approach


What Are Stereotypes?

Power of Stereotypes

Listen to Our Voices: National Media Should Stop Using Obscene Words, Tim Giago

Stereotyping in Action: Racial Profiling

Color-Blind Racism

The Mood of the Oppressed

Intergroup Hostility

Reducing Prejudice


Mass Media

Research Focus: How Real Is Reality Television?

Avoidance versus Friendship

Corporate Response: Diversity Training

Ways to Fight Hate

Chapter 3 Discrimination

Understanding Discrimination

Relative versus Absolute Deprivation

Total Discrimination

Hate Crimes

Institutional Discrimination

Research Focus: Discrimination in Job Seeking

Discrimination Today

Discrimination Hits the Wallet

Eliminating Discrimination

Wealth Inequality: Discrimination’s Legacy

Environmental Justice

Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action Explained

The Legal Debate

Listen to Our Voices: The Enduring Relevance of Affirmative Action by Randall Kennedy

Reverse Discrimination

The Glass Ceiling

Chapter 4 Immigration

Immigration: A Global Phenomenon

Patterns of Immigration to the United States

Today’s Foreign-Born Population

Early Immigration

The Anti-Chinese Movement

Restrictionist Sentiment Increases

The National Origin System

The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act

Contemporary Social Concerns

The Brain Drain

Population Growth

Mixed-Status Families

Language Barriers

Illegal Immigration

Path to Citizenship: Naturalization

The Economic Impact of Immigration

Listen to Our Voices: The Next Americans, Tomás Jiménez

Women and Immigration

The Global Economy and Immigration

The Environment and Immigration

Research Focus: Challenge to Pluralism: The Shark’s Fin


Chapter 5 Ethnicity and Religion

Ethnic Diversity

Why Don’t We Study Whiteness?


The Rediscovery of Ethnicity

Blended Identity

Listen to Our Voices: Asian America Still Discovering Elusive Identity, by Jean Han

Research Focus: Self-Identifying as “Arab American”

The Third-Generation Principle

Symbolic Ethnicity

The German Americans

Settlement Patterns

Twentieth-Century German America

The Irish Americans

Irish Immigration

Becoming White

The Contemporary Picture

The Italian Americans

Early Immigration

Constructing Identity

The Contemporary Picture

The Polish Americans

Early Immigration


The Contemporary Picture

Religious Pluralism

Diversity among Roman Catholics

Diversity among Protestants

Religion and the Courts

Chapter 6 The Nation as a Kaleidoscope

The Glass Half Empty

Is There a Model Minority?

Listen to Our Voices: From Kawasaki to Chicago, Miku Ishii

Acting White, Acting Black, or Neither

Persistence of Inequality

Talking Past One Another

Internet Resource Directory

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