Race and War in France: Colonial Subjects in the French Army, 1914-1918

Overview

Best First Book Prize, Phi Alpha Theta

During the First World War, the French army sent more than 500,000 colonial subjects to European battlefields. The struggle against a common enemy associated these soldiers with the French nation, but racial and cultural differences nonetheless left them on the outside. Employing a socially and culturally integrated approach to the history of warfare, Richard S. Fogarty presents a fresh picture of how the French addressed race relations, ...

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Overview

Best First Book Prize, Phi Alpha Theta

During the First World War, the French army sent more than 500,000 colonial subjects to European battlefields. The struggle against a common enemy associated these soldiers with the French nation, but racial and cultural differences nonetheless left them on the outside. Employing a socially and culturally integrated approach to the history of warfare, Richard S. Fogarty presents a fresh picture of how the French addressed race relations, religious differences, and French identity itself.

"This is a book about both the promise and the shortcomings of French republican ideals... A vivid portrait of the questions raised by the use of colonial troops in the war."— French History

"Fogarty pays particular attention to the experience and opinions of the soldiers themselves. This is, in itself, a significant achievement."— Journal of Modern History

"A well-written, carefully argued study that advances in significant ways our understanding of the important place of empire in the Great War... It is a sad but important tale that needed to be told, and Richard Fogarty has told it well."— French Politics, Culture & Society

"This subtle and extraordinarily informative book explores the interaction of republican ideology and race... This is an elegant and well-argued study that deserves wide circulation, in the classroom and beyond."— American Historical Review

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Choice

Fogarty's study forms a nice addition to the study of modern European imperialism, and it should also be of interest to students of modern French military history.

American Historical Review
This subtle and extraordinarily informative book explores the interaction of republican ideology and race... This is an elegant and well-argued study that deserves wide circulation, in the classroom and beyond.

— Leonard V. Smith

Western Front Association
The author presents a fresh picture of how France dealt with these tensions while fighting and winning a total war.

— Len Shurtleff

Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History
Fogarty's success in illustrating the 'curious blend of tolerance and intolerance, the tension between republicanism and racism, that marked France's approach to colonial subjects in its army' ensures that readers interested in France and in the history of colonial relations will appreciate this excellent book.

— Kelly Duke Bryant

Parameters
Fogarty provides readers with a solid review of the challenges of war, human rights, and colonialism in a very readable and well-documented book.

— David C. Bennett

War in History
Through his meticulous research, the breadth of his study's scope, and his valuable comparative perspective, Fogarty has made an ambitious and enduring contribution to the literature about the French use of colonial peoples during the First World War.

— Joe Lunn

Journal of Intercultural Studies
Fogarty... contributes greatly to our understanding of the Great War, colonial policies and French beliefs about the indigenous other.

— Brett A. Berliner

Journal of Interdisciplinary History
A welcome and significant contribution to the history of these contradictions and their legacies in modern France by examining how French attempts to integrate colonial troops into the French Army during World War I deployed ideas about racial difference and in the process exposed the contradictions of the republican model.

— Laura Levine Frader

Journal of World History
In his clearly written and well-researched book, Richard Fogarty explains French notions of race and nation by examining French policies toward the half million African and Asian men deployed as troops in Europe during World War I.

— Lorelle D. Semley

Choice
Fogarty's study forms a nice addition to the study of modern European imperialism, and it should also be of interest to students of modern French military history.
French History
This is a book about both the promise and the shortcomings of French republican ideals... A vivid portrait of the questions raised by the use of colonial troops in the war.

— Mary Dewhurst Lewis

Journal of Military History
Fogarty's principal strength lies in pointing out that, while racism frequently prevailed, the assimilationist ideal always played a role, and that French officers would always have to respond to it. Showing this basic ambivalence in French culture helps correct a picture, in which racism is often too easily regarded as the only criterion to define relations between Non-Europeans and Europeans in the French Empire.

— Alexander Keese

Journal of Modern History
Fogarty pays particular attention to the experience and opinions of the soldiers themselves. This is, in itself, a significant achievement.
First World War Studies
Everyone who wishes to know more about France's complex relations with its colonial subjects and their influence on current French reality should read War and Race in France.

— Ruth Ginio

H-France
An impressive achievement, one that both supports and advances the historiography of colonial and postcolonial France.
American Historical Review - Leonard V. Smith
This subtle and extraordinarily informative book explores the interaction of republican ideology and race... This is an elegant and well-argued study that deserves wide circulation, in the classroom and beyond.
Western Front Association - Len Shurtleff
The author presents a fresh picture of how France dealt with these tensions while fighting and winning a total war.
Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History - Kelly Duke Bryant
Fogarty's success in illustrating the 'curious blend of tolerance and intolerance, the tension between republicanism and racism, that marked France's approach to colonial subjects in its army' ensures that readers interested in France and in the history of colonial relations will appreciate this excellent book.
Parameters - David C. Bennett
Fogarty provides readers with a solid review of the challenges of war, human rights, and colonialism in a very readable and well-documented book.
War in History - Joe Lunn
Through his meticulous research, the breadth of his study's scope, and his valuable comparative perspective, Fogarty has made an ambitious and enduring contribution to the literature about the French use of colonial peoples during the First World War.
Journal of Intercultural Studies - Brett A. Berliner
Fogarty... contributes greatly to our understanding of the Great War, colonial policies and French beliefs about the indigenous other.
Journal of World History - Lorelle D. Semley
In his clearly written and well-researched book, Richard Fogarty explains French notions of race and nation by examining French policies toward the half million African and Asian men deployed as troops in Europe during World War I.
French Politics, Culture & Society - Martha Hanna
A well-written, carefully argued study that advances in significant ways our understanding of the important place of empire in the Great War... It is a sad but important tale that needed to be told, and Richard Fogarty has told it well.
Journal of Military History - Alexander Keese
Fogarty's principal strength lies in pointing out that, while racism frequently prevailed, the assimilationist ideal always played a role, and that French officers would always have to respond to it. Showing this basic ambivalence in French culture helps correct a picture, in which racism is often too easily regarded as the only criterion to define relations between Non-Europeans and Europeans in the French Empire.
Journal of Interdisciplinary History - Laura Levine Frader
A welcome and significant contribution to the history of these contradictions and their legacies in modern France by examining how French attempts to integrate colonial troops into the French Army during World War I deployed ideas about racial difference and in the process exposed the contradictions of the republican model.
French History - Mary Dewhurst Lewis
This is a book about both the promise and the shortcomings of French republican ideals... A vivid portrait of the questions raised by the use of colonial troops in the war.
First World War Studies - Ruth Ginio
Everyone who wishes to know more about France's complex relations with its colonial subjects and their influence on current French reality should read War and Race in France.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781421407661
  • Publisher: Hopkins Fulfillment Service
  • Publication date: 1/3/2013
  • Series: War/Society/Culture
  • Pages: 400
  • Sales rank: 1,002,425
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Richard S. Fogarty is an associate professor of history at the University at Albany, State University of New York.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents

A Note on Terminology

Introduction 1

Ch. 1 Reservoirs of Men 15

Ch. 2 Race and the Deployment of Troupes indigenes 55

Ch. 3 Hierarchies of Rank, Hierarchies of Race 96

Ch. 4 Race and Language in the French Army 133

Ch. 5 Islam in the French Army 169

Ch. 6 Race, Sex, and Imperial Anxieties 202

Ch. 7 Between Subjects and Citizens 230

Conclusion 270

App Ranks in the French Army, with Approximate U.S. Army Equivalents 295

Notes 297

Essay on Sources 357

Index 369

Illustrations follow page 132

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