Race, Equality, and the Burdens of History

Race, Equality, and the Burdens of History

by John Arthur
     
 

ISBN-10: 052187937X

ISBN-13: 9780521879378

Pub. Date: 09/30/2007

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book philosophically addresses problems of past racial discrimination in the United States. John Arthur examines the concepts of race and racism and discusses racial equality, poverty and race, reparations and affirmative action, and merit in ways that cut across the usual political lines. A former civil-rights plaintiff and professor at an historically black…  See more details below

Overview

This book philosophically addresses problems of past racial discrimination in the United States. John Arthur examines the concepts of race and racism and discusses racial equality, poverty and race, reparations and affirmative action, and merit in ways that cut across the usual political lines. A former civil-rights plaintiff and professor at an historically black college in the South, Arthur draws on both personal experience and rigorous philosophical training in this account. His nuanced conclusions about the meaning of merit, the defects of affirmative action, the importance of apology, and the need for true equality illuminate one of America's most vexing problems and offer a way forward.

About the Author:
John Arthur was professor of philosophy and Director of the Program in Philosophy, Politics and Law at Binghamton University, State University of New York

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521879378
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
09/30/2007
Pages:
340
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents


Preface     ix
Introduction     1
Racism     8
Racism as a normative concept     9
What is racism?     14
Institutional racism as an interpretive concept     30
Racism and racial inferiority     33
Generalizations and stereotypes     36
Racial profiling     43
Race     52
Is it racist to believe in races?     52
The idea of social construction     58
Social construction and race     65
The reality of race     72
What race is Tiger Woods?     82
Conceptual neutrality?     85
Slavery     89
A brief history of slavery     89
What is slavery?     92
Slavery and racism     99
The philosophy of slavery     107
"All men are created equal"     114
Racial Equality     122
The equal value of persons     122
Justice and equality     134
Segregation and racial contempt     137
Self-respect and self-esteem     141
Institutional racism and the United States Constitution     146
Is racism natural?     157
Poverty and Race     160
Economic inequality and groups     162
Race and I.Q.: The repugnant hypothesis     165
Explaining African-American poverty     169
Educational achievement and culture     178
"Rumors of inferiority"     189
Pragmatism's insight     194
Compensatory Justice: Restitution, Reparations, and Apologies     198
Two forms of compensation: Restitution and reparation     200
Restitution and slavery     202
Some puzzles about reparations     207
Who owes reparations?     210
Tracing the effects of ancient wrongs: The problem of the baseline     214
Apologies, guilt, and remorse     222
Merit and Race     228
Merit and merit?     229
Merit and institutional goals     237
How merit matters     240
The "myth" of merit?     244
When is race a qualification?     249
Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity     256
Debating affirmative action     257
Is affirmative action self-defeating to blacks?     272
Successful lives     285
Equal opportunities     290
The way forward      296
Bibliography     302
Table of Cases     318
Index     320

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