Race, Gender, And Discrimination At Work / Edition 1

Race, Gender, And Discrimination At Work / Edition 1

by Samuel Cohn
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813332028

ISBN-13: 9780813332024

Pub. Date: 01/01/2000

Publisher: Westview Press


In Race and Gender Discrimination at Work Samuel Cohns provides a fascinating, unorthodox account of the causes of discrimination at work. The book is packed with statistics, yet witty; rigorous, yet light. Cohn introduces readers to the fundamental realities of race and gender barriers in the workplace, and he goes beyond these as well by introducing…  See more details below

Overview


In Race and Gender Discrimination at Work Samuel Cohns provides a fascinating, unorthodox account of the causes of discrimination at work. The book is packed with statistics, yet witty; rigorous, yet light. Cohn introduces readers to the fundamental realities of race and gender barriers in the workplace, and he goes beyond these as well by introducing startling new reinterpretations. Cohn is tactful enough to appeal to the conservative student, but honest enough to appeal to the feminist student. In the first several chapters, Cohn provides a description of the historical and current states of race and gender inequality and explains how employers persist in seemingly irrational actions, even in the face of more profitable alternatives. Cohn then turns to an introduction of the five primary social and economic theories of wages: marginal productivity theory, human capital theory, dual sector theory, union strength theory, and internal labor market theory. He follows with a review of the implications for pay differentials between blacks and whites. In subsequent chapters, he explores racial and gendered theories of wages for employment and unemployment. Finally, Cohn concludes with a review of the trends and causes of white male exclusionary attitudes towards blacks and women. This book is ideal for gender courses at all levels. Cohn's compelling, non-standard reformulations of traditional explanations of workplace inequalities make the book important for all serious scholars of gender studies.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813332024
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
01/01/2000
Series:
Foundations of Social Inquiry Series
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
212
Sales rank:
537,887
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

1Has the Problem of Inequality Gone Away?1
Some Introductory Definitions3
Recent Trends in Inequality5
Racial Inequality6
Gender Inequality14
Occupational Typing Versus Status Segregation23
2Discrimination and Market Competition29
The Becker Model: Core Assumptions30
The Becker Model: Operation31
The Feminist Gary Becker: Heidi Hartmann34
Decision Theory: Why Organizations Don't Behave So Rationally After All36
The Link Between Decision Theory and Discrimination: Buffering from Competition40
3What Determines If a Job Is Male or Female?51
The Myth That Women Exclude Themselves from Employment: Supply-Side Theories of Occupational Sex-Typing52
Demand-Side theories of Occupational Sex-Typing: Some Preliminary Dead Ends62
Demand-Side Theories of Occupational Sex-Typing: Buffering Models68
Empirical Studies of Buffering and Sex-Typing73
4Why Are Women Confined to Low-Status Jobs?79
Human Capital Theory80
Problems with Human Capital Theory83
Synthetic Turnover88
Differential Visibility Models97
The Simplest Theory: Employee Discrimination105
5Why Are Women Paid Less Than Men?114
The Overcrowding Hypothesis115
Human Capital Theory122
Comparable Worth Theory126
Production Constraint Theory131
6Why Are Blacks More Likely to Be Unemployed Than Are Whites?140
A Cartographic Analysis of Race and Employment143
Shiftlessness150
IQ and Human Capital154
Spatial Mismatch159
Employer Discrimination161
7Twenty-Six Things to Remember About Discrimination166
App. A: Glossary171
App. BA Socratic Guide to Race and Gender Discrimination at Work174
App. CProblems for Deeper Thought183
References185
Index193

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