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Race, Gender, And Discrimination At Work / Edition 1

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Overview


In Race and Gender Discrimination at Work Samuel Cohns provides a fascinating, unorthodox account of the causes of discrimination at work. The book is packed with statistics, yet witty; rigorous, yet light. Cohn introduces readers to the fundamental realities of race and gender barriers in the workplace, and he goes beyond these as well by introducing startling new reinterpretations. Cohn is tactful enough to appeal to the conservative student, but honest enough to appeal to the feminist student. In the first several chapters, Cohn provides a description of the historical and current states of race and gender inequality and explains how employers persist in seemingly irrational actions, even in the face of more profitable alternatives. Cohn then turns to an introduction of the five primary social and economic theories of wages: marginal productivity theory, human capital theory, dual sector theory, union strength theory, and internal labor market theory. He follows with a review of the implications for pay differentials between blacks and whites. In subsequent chapters, he explores racial and gendered theories of wages for employment and unemployment. Finally, Cohn concludes with a review of the trends and causes of white male exclusionary attitudes towards blacks and women. This book is ideal for gender courses at all levels. Cohn's compelling, non-standard reformulations of traditional explanations of workplace inequalities make the book important for all serious scholars of gender studies.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813332024
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/2000
  • Series: Foundations of Social Inquiry Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 212
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author


Samuel Cohnis a Sociologist of race and gender at Texas A&M University. He is the author of The Author of Occupational Sex-typing, winner of the American Sociological Association's Jessie Barnard Award in 1989 for Best Book on the Sociology of Gender. He is also the co-author (with Mark Fossett) of The Geography of Racial Exclusion.
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Table of Contents

1 Has the Problem of Inequality Gone Away? 1
Some Introductory Definitions 3
Recent Trends in Inequality 5
Racial Inequality 6
Gender Inequality 14
Occupational Typing Versus Status Segregation 23
2 Discrimination and Market Competition 29
The Becker Model: Core Assumptions 30
The Becker Model: Operation 31
The Feminist Gary Becker: Heidi Hartmann 34
Decision Theory: Why Organizations Don't Behave So Rationally After All 36
The Link Between Decision Theory and Discrimination: Buffering from Competition 40
3 What Determines If a Job Is Male or Female? 51
The Myth That Women Exclude Themselves from Employment: Supply-Side Theories of Occupational Sex-Typing 52
Demand-Side theories of Occupational Sex-Typing: Some Preliminary Dead Ends 62
Demand-Side Theories of Occupational Sex-Typing: Buffering Models 68
Empirical Studies of Buffering and Sex-Typing 73
4 Why Are Women Confined to Low-Status Jobs? 79
Human Capital Theory 80
Problems with Human Capital Theory 83
Synthetic Turnover 88
Differential Visibility Models 97
The Simplest Theory: Employee Discrimination 105
5 Why Are Women Paid Less Than Men? 114
The Overcrowding Hypothesis 115
Human Capital Theory 122
Comparable Worth Theory 126
Production Constraint Theory 131
6 Why Are Blacks More Likely to Be Unemployed Than Are Whites? 140
A Cartographic Analysis of Race and Employment 143
Shiftlessness 150
IQ and Human Capital 154
Spatial Mismatch 159
Employer Discrimination 161
7 Twenty-Six Things to Remember About Discrimination 166
App. A: Glossary 171
App. B A Socratic Guide to Race and Gender Discrimination at Work 174
App. C Problems for Deeper Thought 183
References 185
Index 193
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