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Race Man: The Rise and Fall of the "Fighting Editor," John Mitchell Jr [NOOK Book]


Although he has largely receded from the public consciousness, John Mitchell Jr., the
editor and publisher of the Richmond Planet, was well known to many black, and not a few white,
Americans in his day. A contemporary of Booker T. Washington, Mitchell contrasted sharply ...

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Race Man: The Rise and Fall of the

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Although he has largely receded from the public consciousness, John Mitchell Jr., the
editor and publisher of the Richmond Planet, was well known to many black, and not a few white,
Americans in his day. A contemporary of Booker T. Washington, Mitchell contrasted sharply with
Washington in temperament. In his career as an editor, politician, and businessman, Mitchell
followed the trajectory of optimism, bitter disappointment, and retrenchment that characterized
African American life in the Reconstruction and Jim Crow South.

Best known for
his crusade against lynching in the 1880s, Mitchell was also involved in a number of civil rights
crusades that seem more contemporary to the 1950s and 1960s than the turn of that century. He led a
boycott against segregated streetcars in 1904 and fought residential segregation in Richmond in
1911. His political career included eight years on the Richmond city council, which ended with
disenfranchisement in 1896.

As Jim Crow strengthened its hold on the South,
Mitchell, like many African American leaders, turned to creating strong financial institutions
within the black community. He became a bank president and urged Planet readers to comport
themselves as gentlemen, but a year after he ran for governor in 1921, Mitchell's fortunes suffered
a drastic reversal. His bank failed, and he was convicted of fraud and sentenced to three years in
the state penitentiary. The conviction was overturned on technicalities, but the so-called
reforms that allowed state regulation of black businesses had done their worst, and Mitchell died in
poverty and some disgrace.

Basing her portrait on thorough primary research
conducted over several decades, Ann Field Alexander brings Mitchell to life in all his complexity
and contradiction, a combative, resilient figure of protest and accommodation who epitomizes the
African American experience in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813924397
  • Publisher: University of Virginia Press
  • Publication date: 10/29/2002
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 288
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

Ann Field Alexander is Professor of History at Mary Baldwin College and director of
the College’s regional center in Roanoke, Virginia.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix
1. The Making of a "Colored Gentleman" 1
2. "Colored Teachers for Colored Schools" 15
3. Founding the Planet 28
4. "Lynch Law Must Go!" 41
5. A Manly Protest 60
6. The Politics of Jackson Ward 73
7. "No Officers, No Fight!" 89
8. Disfranchisement 102
9. "Did God Call the Pastor?" 117
10. Jim Crow and Race Pride 131
11. The Lure of Fraternalism 143
12. "A Sane and Sensible Businessman" 157
13. The Perils of Prosperity 170
14. Collapse 185
Epilogue 205
Notes 211
Index 249
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