Race, Rigor, and Selectivity in U. S. Engineering: The History of an Occupational Color Line

Race, Rigor, and Selectivity in U. S. Engineering: The History of an Occupational Color Line

by Amy E. Slaton
     
 

ISBN-10: 0674036190

ISBN-13: 9780674036192

Pub. Date: 02/20/2010

Publisher: Harvard

Despite the educational and professional advances made by minorities in recent decades, African Americans remain woefully underrepresented in the fields of science, technology, mathematics, and engineering. Even at its peak, in 2000, African American representation in engineering careers reached only 5.7 percent, while blacks made up 15 percent of the U.S.

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Overview

Despite the educational and professional advances made by minorities in recent decades, African Americans remain woefully underrepresented in the fields of science, technology, mathematics, and engineering. Even at its peak, in 2000, African American representation in engineering careers reached only 5.7 percent, while blacks made up 15 percent of the U.S. population. Some forty-five years after the Civil Rights Act sought to eliminate racial differences in education and employment, what do we make of an occupational pattern that perpetually follows the lines of race?

Race, Rigor, and Selectivity in U.S. Engineering pursues this question and its ramifications through historical case studies. Focusing on engineering programs in three settings—in Maryland, Illinois, and Texas, from the 1940s through the 1990s—Amy E. Slaton examines efforts to expand black opportunities in engineering as well as obstacles to those reforms. Her study reveals aspects of admissions criteria and curricular emphases that work against proportionate black involvement in many engineering programs. Slaton exposes the negative impact of conservative ideologies in engineering, and of specific institutional processes—ideas and practices that are as limiting for the field of engineering as they are for the goal of greater racial parity in the profession.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674036192
Publisher:
Harvard
Publication date:
02/20/2010
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
298
Sales rank:
690,882
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1

2 Identity and Uplift: Engineering in the University of Maryland System in the Era of Segregation 19

3 The Disunity of Technical Knowledge: Constructions of Racial Difference in Separate but Equal Engineering Education 48

4 Opportunity in the City: Engineering Education in Chicago, 1960-1980 79

5 Urban Engineering and the Conservative Impulse: Research at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Illinois Institute of Technology 113

6 Race and the New Meritocracy: Engineering Education in the Texas A&M System, 1980 to the Present 143

7 Standards and the "Problem" of Affirmative Action: Departures from Convention in the TAMU System 171

8 Conclusion 205

Notes 221

Index 271

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