Radiation Detectors for Medical Applications / Edition 1by Stefaan Tavernier
Pub. Date: 09/29/2006
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Since their discovery by Becquerel and Röntgen, ionising radiation and detectors for ionising radiation have played an ever more important role in medical diagnostics and therapy. The use of scintillating materials in the detection of ionising radiation for medical imaging is the main topic of this book intended for an audience of physicists and engineers. The… See more details below
Since their discovery by Becquerel and Röntgen, ionising radiation and detectors for ionising radiation have played an ever more important role in medical diagnostics and therapy. The use of scintillating materials in the detection of ionising radiation for medical imaging is the main topic of this book intended for an audience of physicists and engineers. The book will be useful both to new researchers entering the field and to experts interested to learn about the latest developments.
It starts with an overview of the state of the art in using radiation detectors for medical imaging, followed by an in depth discussion of all aspects of the use of scintillating materials for this application. Possibilities to improve the performance of existing scintillating materials and completely new ideas on how to use scintillating materials are discussed in detail. The first 4 chapters contain a general overview of the applications of radiation detectors in medicine and present a closer look at the 3 most important subfields, X-ray imaging, gamma ray imaging and PET. One chapter is devoted to semiconductor detectors, a promising new area, and two chapters are devoted to recent technical advances in PET. The remaining 5 chapters deal with scintillating materials and their use in medical imaging.
Table of Contents
Contents. Preface; S. Tavernier.-A Look at Medical Imaging Trends through the Eyes of a Medical Doctor; S.S. Makeyev.- Introduction.-Historical Aspect of Nuclear Medicine.-Nowadays in Nuclear Medicine.-Perspectives of Nuclear Medicine Imaging.- New Trends in X-Ray CT Imaging; R. Deych and E. Dolazza.- Present Status of X-Ray CT.-Detector Instrumentation in Medical CT.- Scintillator.-Photodetectors.-Future Evolution of Data Measurement Systems.- The Evolution of Spect- from Anger to Today and Beyond; W.W. Moses, A. Gektin et al.- Introduction.-General Considerations.-SPECT.- The Anger Camera.-Optimizing Positioning in Anger Cameras.- Collimators.-Scintillators for Spect.- Recently Developed Scintillator Materials.- Conclusion.- New Trends in PET Detector Developments; P.Lecoq.- Introduction.-PET Based Molecular Imaging.-Improving Sensitivity.- Improving Spatial and Temporal Resolution.-Multimodaility and Multifunctionality.-New Conversion Materials.- New Photodetectors.-Highly Integrated and Low Noise Electronics.-Intelligent and Triggerable Data Acquisition Systems.-Simulation Software.-New Reconstruction and Visualisation Algorithms.-Conclusion.-Semiconductor Detectors in Radiation Medicine: Radiotherapy and related Applcations; A.B. Rosenfeld.- Introduction.-Integral Semiconductor Dosimetry in Radiation Therapy.-Mosfet Detectors.-Semiconductor Radiation Detectors in Hadron Therapy.- Semiconductor Radiation Detectors for Microdosimetry in Radiation Therapy.-Application of Scintillator Based Detector in Radiation Therapy.-Conclusion.-First Results with the ClearPET small Animal PET Scanners; S. Tavernier et al.- Introduction.-Description of the ClearPET Scanners.-Measured Performance and Comparison with Monte Carlo Simulations.- Image Reconstruction.-Conclusions.-Investigation of Crystal Identification Methods for ClearPETTM Phoswich Detector; D. Wisniewski et al.- Introduction.-Measurement Setup.-Crystal Identification Methods.- Experimental Results.- Conclusions.- Directions in Scintillation Materials Research; P. Dorenbos.- Introduction.-Historic Developments.- Fundamental Limits.- Directions in Scintillation Materials Research.-Summary and Conclusions.-Scintillation Detectors for Medical and Biology Applications: Materials, Design and Light Collection Conditions; M. Globus, B. Grinyov.- Introduction.-2. Some Features and Regularities of Light Collection in Scintillators.- Medical Diagnostics Instrumentation.- Thin Scintillation Films for Biological Microtomography. Conclusions.- Current and Future Use of LSO: CE Scintillators in PET; C.L. Melcher et al.- Introduction.-Physical Properties.- Scintillation Properties.-Crystal Growth.-Detector Design.- Future Uses of LSO: CE in PET.-Conclusion.-Inorganic Scintillators in Positron Emission Tomography; C.W.E. van Eijk.- Introduction.-Inorganic Scintillators.- Position Resolution and Depth of Interaction.-Coincidence-Time Resolution, Random Coincidences, Time of Flight and Dead Time.-Conclusion.-Crystal Fibers and thin Films for Imaging Applications; C. Pedrini and C. Dujardin.-. Introduction.-Single Crystal Fibers.- Scintillating Thin Films Deposited on Substrate.- Scintillation thin Layers created by Irradiation.-Conclusions. Non-Proportionality and Energy Resolution of Scintillation Detectors; M. Moszynski.-Introduction.-Outline of the Problem.Study of Energy Resolution and Non-Proportionality.- Discussion and Conclusions.
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