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A full-color resource, Radiation Protection in Medical Radiography, 7th Edition makes it easy to understand both basic and complex concepts in radiation protection, biology, and physics. Concise coverage promotes the safe use of ionizing radiation in all imaging modalities, including the effects of radiation on humans at the cellular and systemic levels, regulatory and advisory limits for human exposure to radiation, and the implementation of radiation safety practices for patients and personnel. This edition includes NEW content on the impact of radiation levels during the nuclear power plant crisis that followed the 2011 earthquake/tsunami in Japan. From an author team led by well-known radiation protection expert Mary Alice Statkiewicz Sherer, this text has consistently helped students perform well on the ARRT exam!
• Full-color illustrations reinforce important information.
• Convenient, easy-to-use features include chapter outlines and objectives, highlighting of key terms, and bulleted summaries and review questions to enhance comprehension and retention.
• Clear and concise writing style covers complex concepts in radiation protection, biology, and physics in a building-block approach from basic to more complex concepts.
• Review questions are included at the end of chapters to assess your comprehension, with answers on the Evolve companion website.
• Coverage of historical radiological disasters includes photos and text on Hiroshoma, Chernobyl, and Three-Mile Island.
• UPDATED! NCRP and ICRP content includes guidelines, regulations, and radiation quantities and units, explaining the effects of low-level ionizing radiation, demonstrating the link between radiation and cancer and other diseases, and providing the regulatory perspective needed for practice.
• NEW! Discussion of Total Effective Dose Equivalent (TEDE) covers the radiation dosimetry quantity defined by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to monitor and control human exposure to ionizing radiation.
• NEW! Coverage of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant Crisis addresses the impact of radiation levels following Japan’s earthquake/tsunami in March 2011.
• NEW! TRACE section covers the Tools for Radiation Awareness and Community Education program, a two-phase approach to radiation dose awareness and overall patient dose reduction through a joint venture of AHRA and Toshiba’s Putting Patients First.
• NEW! Discussion of the FDA white paper: Initiative to Reduce Unnecessary Exposure from Medical Imaging promotes the safe use of medical imaging devices, supports informed clinical decision making, and leads to increased patient awareness.
This easy-to-read text offers essential information on radiation protection and the biological effects of ionizing radiation, to ensure its safe medical use. Building from basic to more complex concepts, this book also presents radiation physics, cell structure, effects of radiation on humans at the cellular and systemic levels, regulatory and advisory limits for human exposure to radiation, and the implementation of patient and personnel radiation protection practices.
1 Introduction to Radiation Protection
2 Interaction of X-Radiation with Matter
3 Radiation Quantities and Units
4 Radiation Monitoring
5 Overview of Cell Biology
6 Molecular and Cellular Radiation Biology
7 Early Radiation Effects on Organ Systems
8 Late Radiation Effects on Organ Systems
9 Dose Limits for Exposure to Ionizing Radiation
10 Equipment Design for Radiation Protection
11 Management of Patient Radiation Dose during Diagnostic X-Ray Procedures
12 Management of Imaging Personnel Radiation Dose During Diagnostic X-Ray Procedures
13 Radioisotopes and Radiation Protection
Appendix A Relationships between Systems of Units
Appendix B Standard Designations for Metric System Lengths, Electron Volt Energy Levels, and Frequency Spectrum Ranges
Appendix C Periodic Table of the Elements
Appendix D Chance of a 50-KeV Photon Interacting with Atoms of Tissue as it Travels through 5 cm of Soft Tissue
Appendix E Relationship among Photons, Electromagnetic Waves, Wavelength and Energy
Appendix F Compton Interaction
Appendix G Electron Shell Structure of the Atom
Appendix H Revision of 10 CFR Part 35
Appendix I Consumer-Patient Radiation Health and Safety Act of 1981
Answers to Review Questions