Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750 [NOOK Book]

Overview

Arguably the most decisive shift in the history of ideas in modern times was the complete demolition during the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries - in the wake of the Scientific Revolution - of traditional structures of authority, scientific thought, and belief, by the new philosophy and the philosophies, culminating in Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. In this revolutionary process which effectively overthrew all justification for monarchy, aristocracy, slavery, and
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Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

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Overview

Arguably the most decisive shift in the history of ideas in modern times was the complete demolition during the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries - in the wake of the Scientific Revolution - of traditional structures of authority, scientific thought, and belief, by the new philosophy and the philosophies, culminating in Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. In this revolutionary process which effectively overthrew all justification for monarchy, aristocracy, slavery, and
ecclesiastical authority, as well as man's asendancy over woman and theology's domination over education and study, substituting the modern principles of equality, democracy, and universality, the Radical Enlightenment played a crucially important part. Despite the present-day interest in the revolutions of
the late eighteenth century, the origins and rise of the Radical Enlightenment have been astonishingly little studied, doubtless largely because if its very wide international sweep and the obvious difficulties of fitting it into the restrictive conventions of 'national history' which until recently tended to dominate all historiography. The greatest obstacle to the Radical Enlightenment finding its proper place in modern historical writing is simply that it was not French, British, German,
Italian, Jewish or Dutch, but all of these at the same time. In this novel interpretation of the Radical Enlightenment down to La Mettrie and Diderot, two of its key exponents, particular stress is placed on the pivotal role of Spinoza and the widespread underground international philosophical movement
known before 1750 as Spinozism.
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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
In Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy And The Making Of Modernity, 1650-1750, Jonathan Israel (Professor in the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton) has created an impressive, benchmark work revealing how the decisive shift in the history of modern ideas by such original thinkers as Voltaire, Diderot, Rousseau, and others, occurring in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries resulted in the complete demolition of traditional European structures of authority, scientific thought, and belief which collectively came to be called "The Age Of Enlightenment". Radical Enlightenment is an 810 pp. volume with major sections devoted to the role of philosophy's evolution to government, society, institutions, revolution, women's roles, sexuality, censorship, culture, libraries, publishing, religion, law, science, and more. Enhanced for scholarship with an extensive bibliography and index, Radical Enlightenment will prove to be an indispensable and welcome addition to the study of both European civilization, history, and philosophy.
From the Publisher

"His vast--and vastly impressive--book sets out to redefine the intellectual landscape of early modern Europe....Magnificent and magisterial, Radical Enlightenment will undoubtedly be one of the truly great historical works of the decade."--John Adamson, Sunday Telegraph

"[A] magnificent...study of the impact of Spinoza and his philosophy on European cultural history at the hinge of the 17th and 18th centuries....Sumptuous in the energy, clarity and breadth of its scholarship."--Los Angeles Times Book Review

"Mr. Israel's lucid, engrossing account of the Enlightenment's formative period explains why we want our intellectual histories rewritten for every generation, for this Enlightenment overflows with our favorite things."--The Scriblerian

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780191622878
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • Publication date: 2/8/2001
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Sales rank: 680,364
  • File size: 11 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

Jonathan Israel is a professor in the School of Historical Studies, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton

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Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements
List of Plates
List of Figures
List of Map and Tables
Abbreviations of Library and Archive Locations
Other Abbreviations
Pt. I The 'Radical Enlightenments' 1
1 Introduction 3
2 Government and Philosophy 23
3 Society, Institutions, Revolution 59
4 Women, Philosophy, and Sexuality 82
5 Censorship and Culture 97
6 Libraries and Enlightenment 119
7 The Learned Journals 142
Pt. II The Rise of Philosophical Radicalism 157
8 Spinoza 159
9 Van den Enden: Philosophy, Democracy, and Egalitarianism 175
10 Radicalism and the People: The Brothers Koerbagh 185
11 Philosophy, the Interpreter of Scripture 197
12 Miracles Denied 218
13 Spinoza's System 230
14 Spinoza, Science, and the Scientists 242
15 Philosophy, Politics, and the Liberation of Man 258
16 Publishing a Banned Philosophy 275
17 The Spread of a Forbidden Movement 295
Pt. III Europe and the 'New' Intellectual Controversies (1680-1720) 329
18 Bayle and the 'Virtuous Atheist' 331
19 The Bredenburg Disputes 342
20 Fontenelle and the War of the Oracles 359
21 The Death of the Devil 375
22 Leenhof and the 'Universal Philosophical Religion' 406
23 The 'Nature of God' Controversy (1710-1720) 436
Pt. IV The Intellectual Counter-Offensive 445
24 New Theological Strategies 447
25 The Collapse of Cartesianism 477
26 Leibniz and the Radical Enlightenment 502
27 Anglomania: The 'Triumph' of Newton and Locke 515
28 The Intellectual Drama in Spain and Portugal 528
29 Germany and the Baltic: the 'War of the Philosophers' 541
Pt. V The Clandestine Progress of the Radical Enlightenment (1680-1750) 563
30 Boulainvilliers and the Rise of French Deism 565
31 French Refugee Deists in Exile 575
32 The Spinozistic Novel in French 591
33 English Deism and Europe 599
34 Germany: The Radical Aufklarung 628
35 The Radical Impact in Italy 664
36 The Clandestine Philosophical Manuscripts 684
From La Mettrie to Diderot 704
Epilogue: Rousseau, Radicalism, Revolution 714
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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted December 13, 2002

    A real masterpiece

    If you're interested in this subject. This is the book for you!!! It offers a new interpretation of a significant era in European history. Particular emphasis is placed on the pivotal role of Spinoza and the widespread underground international philosophical movement known before 1750 as Spinozism. Radical Enlightenment is undoubtedly one of the truly great historical works of the decade.

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