Radical Pacifism: The War Resisters League and Gandhian Nonviolence in America, 1915-1963

Radical Pacifism: The War Resisters League and Gandhian Nonviolence in America, 1915-1963

by Scott Bennett
     
 

ISBN-10: 081563028X

ISBN-13: 9780815630289

Pub. Date: 12/28/2003

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

This deeply researched book is the first history of the War Resisters League, an organization that represents the major vehicle of secular radical pacifism in the United States. Besides opposing all U. S. wars and championing conscientious objection to these wars, Scott H. Bennett shows how the WRL -- led by its colorful members -- functioned as a "movement halfway…  See more details below

Overview

This deeply researched book is the first history of the War Resisters League, an organization that represents the major vehicle of secular radical pacifism in the United States. Besides opposing all U. S. wars and championing conscientious objection to these wars, Scott H. Bennett shows how the WRL -- led by its colorful members -- functioned as a "movement halfway house," assisting and influencing a variety of social reform groups and campaigns. He devotes special attention to WWII conscientious objectors (COs) who staged dramatic wartime work and hunger strikes in Civilian Public Service camps and prisons against Jim Crow, censorship, conscription, and other policies. These radical COs moved the postwar WRL in new directions -- and transformed radical pacifism. By recovering the important links between the WRL and the peace, civil rights, civil liberties, and antinuclear movements, Bennett demonstrates the social relevance and political effectiveness of radical pacifism. He emphasizes the WRL's most important legacy its promotion, legitimization, and Americanization of Gandhian nonviolent direct action, which infused the postwar peace and justice movements.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780815630289
Publisher:
Syracuse University Press
Publication date:
12/28/2003
Series:
Syracuse Studies on Peace and Conflict Resolution
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
312
Product dimensions:
6.34(w) x 9.28(h) x 0.76(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Abbreviations
1Jessie Wallace Hughan and the WRL: The Origins, Founding, and Philosophy of the WRL and Radical Secular Pacifism in America from World War I to 19251
2Consolidation and Growth: The WRL Between the World Wars, 1923-194123
3Socialist Pacifism and Nonviolent Social Revolution: The WRL and the Spanish Civil War, 1936-193950
4Dissent from the "Good War": The WRL and World War II, 1939-194569
5Toward Direct Action: The WRL and the CO Revolts in CPS and Prison, 1940-194598
6The Pacifist House Divided: The Debate over Nonviolent Direct Action, Civil Disobedience, and the WRL Agenda, 1945-1955134
7Nonaligned International Pacifism: The WRL and the Cold War, 1945-1955173
8Present at the Creation: The WRL, Direct Action, Civil Disobedience, and the Rebirth of the Peace and Justice Movements, 1955-1963204
Epilogue and Conclusion239
Notes249
Selected Bibliography307
Index311

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