Radicals, Reformers, and Reactionaries: The Prisoner's Dilemma and the Collapse of Democracy in Latin America / Edition 1

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Overview

Latin American democracies of the sixties and seventies, most theories hold, collapsed because they had become incompatible with the structural requirements of capitalist development. In this groundbreaking application of game theory to political phenomena, Youssef Cohen argues that structural conditions in Latin American countries did not necessarily preclude the implementation of social and economic reforms within a democratic framework.

Focusing on the experiences of Chile and Brazil, Cohen argues that what thwarted democratic reforms in Latin America was a classic case of prisoner's dilemma. Moderates on the left and the right knew the benefits of coming to a mutual agreement on socio-economic reforms. Yet each feared that, if it cooperated, the other side could gain by colluding with the radicals. Unwilling to take this risk, moderate groups in both countries splintered and joined the extremists. The resulting disorder opened the way for military control.

Cohen further argues that, in general, structural explanations of political phenomena are inherently flawed; they incorrectly assume that beliefs, preferences, and actions are caused by social, political, and economic structures. One cannot explain political outcomes, Cohen argues, without treating beliefs and preferences as partly independent from structures, and as having a causal force in their own right.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226112725
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 12/28/2008
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 196
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures
Acknowledgments
1 Introduction 1
2 Structural Explanation 9
3 Structural Explanations of Democratic Breakdown 23
4 Rational-Choice Explanation 38
5 The Prisoner's Dilemma and the Collapse of Democracy 53
6 Breakdown before Reforms: Brazil 76
7 Reforms before Breakdown: Chile 98
8 Conclusion 119
Notes 125
Bibliography 165
Index 177
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