Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit Design

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit Design

by John Rogers, Calvin Plett
     
 

ISBN-10: 158053502X

ISBN-13: 9781580535021

Pub. Date: 04/30/2003

Publisher: Artech House, Incorporated

No matter which type of communications device requiring RFICs you are designing, you can turn to this comprehensive reference for a practical explanation of the full range of RFICs. This book focuses mainly on bipolar technology to demonstrate circuits, but CMOS is included as well. By emphasizing working designs, this book practically transports you into the authors'

Overview

No matter which type of communications device requiring RFICs you are designing, you can turn to this comprehensive reference for a practical explanation of the full range of RFICs. This book focuses mainly on bipolar technology to demonstrate circuits, but CMOS is included as well. By emphasizing working designs, this book practically transports you into the authors' own RFIC lab so you can fully understand the function of each design detailed in this book. Among the RFIC designs examined are RF integrated LC-based filters, VCO automatic amplitude control loops, and fully integrated transformer-based circuits, as well as image reject mixers and power amplifiers.

If you are new to RFIC design, you can benefit from the introduction to basic theory so you can quickly come up to speed on how RFICs perform and work together in a communications device. A thorough examination of RFIC technology guides you in knowing when RFICs are the right choice for designing a communication device. This leading-edge resource is packed with over 400 equations and more than 500 illustrations that support key topics.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781580535021
Publisher:
Artech House, Incorporated
Publication date:
04/30/2003
Series:
Artech House Microwave Library
Pages:
436
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.94(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction To Communications Circuits
Introduction

Radio-Frequency Integrated Circuits Used in a Communications

Transceiver

Issues in Transceiver Design

Analog And Microwave Design Versus Radio-Frequency Integrated Circuit Design

Issues in RFIC Design, Noise, Linearity And Filtering

Performance Estimates

Determination of Noise Floor

Linearity And Distortion in RF Circuits

Filtering Issues

Typical Receiver With Single IF Stage

Dynamic Range



A Brief Review Of RF Technology
Introduction

Transistor Description

Small Signal Model of The Transistor

Small-Signal Parameters

CMOS Transistors



Impedance Matching
Introduction

Review of the Smith Chart

Impedance Matching. Series to Parallel Conversions

Tapped Inductors and Capacitors

Matching Using Transformers

Tuning a Transformer

The Bandwidth of an Impedance Transformation Network

Quality Factor of an LC Network

Transmission Lines

S,Y,Z Parameters



The Use and Design of Passive Circuit Elements in IC Technologies
Introduction

The Technology Back End and Metalization in IC Technologies

Sheet Resistance and the Skin Effect

Parasitic Capacitance. Parasitic Inductance

Current Handling in Metal Lines

Poly Resistors and Diffusion Resistors

Metal Insulator Metal Capacitors (MIM Caps) and Poly Capacitors

On-Chip Spiral Inductors

Some Basic Lumped Models for Inductors

Calculating the Inductance of Spirals

Self Resonance of Inductors

The Quality Factor (Q) of An Inductor

Characterization of an Inductor

Some Notes About the Proper Use of Inductors

Layout of Spiral Inductors

Isolating the Inductor

The Use of Slotted Ground Shields and Inductors

Basic Transformer Layouts in IC Technologies

The Concept of Mutual Inductance. Multilevel Inductors

On-Chip Transmission Lines

Characterizing Transformers for Use In Ics

High Frequency Measurement of On-Chip Passives and Some Common De-Embedding Techniques

Packaging

Conclusions



Low Noise Amplifier Design
Introduction and Basic Amplifiers

Amplifiers with Feedback

Noise in Amplifiers

Input Matching of LNAs for Low Noise

Linearity in Amplifiers

Differential Pair and Other Differential Amplifiers

DC Biasing Networks

Low Voltage LNAs

Spice for Noise Analysis, Gain and Intermodulation

Conclusions



Mixers
Basic Mixer Operation

Common Types of Mixers

Mixer Gain

A Practical Implementation of A Mixer

Mixer Noise Figure

Large Signal Behavior of The Differential Pair

Image Reject Mixers

Buffering Circuits



Voltage Controlled Oscillators
Introduction

Specification of Oscillator Properties

The LC Resonator

Adding Negative Resistance to the Resonator

Configuration of the Amplifier (Colpitts or -Gm)

Capacitor Ratios with Colpitts Oscillators

Analysis of an Oscillator as a Feedback System

Negative Resistance Generated by the Amplifier

Comments on Oscillator Analysis

Basic Differential Oscillator Topologies

A Modified Common-Collector Colpitts with Buffering

Several Refinements to the -Gm Topology

The Effect of Parasitics on the Frequency of Oscillation

Large Signal Non-Linearity in the Transistor

Bias Shifting During Start Up

Oscillator Amplitude

Sizing of the Transistors

Phase Noise

Making the Oscillator Tunable

VCO Automatic-Amplitude Control Circuits

Other Oscillators



High Frequency Filter Circuits

On-Chip Filter Topologies

Analysis of an LNA with Filtering Action

Interpretation of Filter Stability

Automatic Q Tuning for High Q LC Filters

Frequency Tuning for LC Filters



Power Amplifier Design
General Issues with PAS (Efficiency, PAE, HD, Linearity)

Load Pull

Class A Power Amplifier Design

Class AB to C Power Amplifier Design

Higher Class Power Amplifiers

Linearization in Power Amplifiers

Distributed Amplifiers




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