Radioactivity Radionuclides Radiation / Edition 1

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Radioactivity - Radionuclides - Radiation is suitable for a general audience interested in topical environmental and human health radiological issues such as radiation exposure in aircraft, food sterilisation, nuclear medicine, radon gas, radiation dispersion devices ("dirty bombs"). It leads the interested reader through the three Rs of nuclear science, to the forefront of research and developments in the field. The book is also suitable for students and professionals in the related disciplines of nuclear and radiochemistry, health physics, environmental sciences, nuclear and astrophysics. Recent developments in the areas of exotic decay modes (bound beta decay of 'bare' or fully ionized nuclei), laser transmutation, nuclear forensics, radiation hormesis and the LNT hypothesis are covered.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
From the reviews:

"Here is a book suitable for second-year university … . is wonderfully up to date, with references right up to 2004, the year of publication. And it is not just the references – the emphasis in each chapter is on the latest progress … . a good glossary, a fold-out Karlsruhe table of nuclides, a 30-page table of atomic masses . … These features make the book a very useful … . Great value" (Colin Keay, The Physicist Australian Institute of Physics, Vol. 42 (1), 2005)

"This will be an excellent source of information for those who want to become acquainted with the characteristics of radioactivity, radionuclides and radiation. … Stated briefly, compliments are due to the authors of this excellent publication, ... This book should be present in every nuclear medicine department." (E. K. J. Pauwels, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Vol. 32 (5), 2005)

"Magill (European Commission) provides readers with a fascinating blend of nuclear history, scientific principles, and applied nuclear technology. … Each chapter is packed with diagrams, photographs, tables of data, clear explanations, and numerous examples, all of which are potent information resources for someone who desires to learn a few specifics or for one who wants to really learn or review nuclear physics concept and details. … Summing Up: Highly recommended. Lower-division undergraduates through professionals; two-year technical program students." (F. Potter, Choice, Vol. 42 (10), 2005)

"This new book deals with the basic properties of radioactivity, its occurrence in nature and the environment and its applications. … The nine chapters are followed by an extensive list of references, weblinks and suggestions for further readings. … This book is suited for a general audience interested in radioactivity in our daily life … . It is very practice minded, and in this way it is also very useful for students and researchers in the field of nuclear physics and related disciplines." (Cyriel Wagemans, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Vol. 32 (5), 2005)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783540211167
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 12/8/2004
  • Edition description: 2005
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 264
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. Joseph Magill is author of over 150 scientific papers and 20 patents and editor of the Institute Annual Reports. His most recent publication is a book on radionuclides: J. Magill, An Integrated Environment for Computations on Radionuclide and their Radiation, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, 2003. (see for more details). Based on the above book, two-day nuclear education and training courses on Radioactivity, Radionuclides, and Radiation are organised and run by the author at regular intervals during the year. Since 1977, he has held a position as theoretical physicist with the Commission of the European Communities, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe, Germany. He is currently responsible for advanced nuclear fuel cycles. Dr. Magill is a member of the Technical Working group on ADS under the chairmanship of Prof. C. Rubbia and is one of the authors of the report: "A European Roadmap for Accelerator Driven Systems for Nuclear Waste Transmutation". He is currently the Commission representative in the TRADE (Triga Accelerator Driven Experiment) project and consultant to the IAEA in Vienna on Partitioning and Transmutation of Nuclear Waste. Recently, Dr. Magill has been involved in an international effort in so-called laser transmutations studies. These studies, which involve the giant pulse laser VULCAN (Rutherford Appleton Lab) and the high repetition rate Tabletop laser (Jena university), have led to the demonstration of laser induced fission in uranium and thorium for the first time. In the most recent experiments, Iodine-129 has been transmuted. These experiments have also potential medical applications. He is currently investigating how this technology can be scaled for industrial scale nuclear waste transmutation.

Dr. Jean Galy, after his education in Physics and Neutron Physics in Marseille, France, made his PhD studies in Sweden, on the measurement of the fission products of 233U in a fast neutron flux. After a short stay at the CEA Cadarache, he joined the European Commission-Joint Research Centre at the Institute for Transuranium Elements, Kalrsruhe, Germany. Since 2000, he is there working as scientific officer on high intensity laser induced nuclear reaction studies and developing the nuclear data and calculation internet based software. He has published about 10 scientific reviewed articles and more than 30 conference proceeding and peer reviewed reports.

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Table of Contents

1 Origins and discovery 1
2 Nuclear energetics 19
3 Radioactivity and nuclear reactions 43
4 Types of radioactive decay 59
5 Transmutation research 89
6 Archaeology and dating 105
7 Radioisotopes in medicine 117
8 Scientific and industrial applications 125
9 Radiation and the environment 139
App Karlsruhe chart of the nuclides - Karlsruher Nuklidkarte 243
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