Rail Human Factors: Supporting the Integrated Railway

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Overview

In recent years, for obvious reasons to do with the organisation of industry and major safety concerns, rail human factors has grown in importance at international level. Despite its importance, however, supporting literature has largely been restricted to specialist journal publications. Rail Human Factors addresses this imbalance by providing the first fully comprehensive overview of the area.

The volume includes contributions from leading ergonomists, psychologists, sociologists, management scientists and engineers whose common theme is to investigate, understand and design for people on the railways, as staff, passengers and the general public. Every area of ergonomics/human factors is covered from the physical design of work and equipment design in maintenance, through cognitive ergonomics in driving, signalling and control, and to organizational and social ergonomics in the way teams are formed, plans are made and organisations are structured and run.

Topics covered include: * Systems views of rail human factors
* Driver models and performance
* Train and cab design
* Network and train control systems, including ERTMS
* Signals and signal
* Spades
* Signalling and control center design
* Signaller performance
* Control center interfaces
* Workload, situation awareness, team working
* Human error and reliability
* Timetabling and planning
* Maintenance planning and work
* Safety Climate and safety culture
* Passenger comfort and behaviour
* Station design * Public information systems
* Level crossings
* Trespass and vandalism
* Ergonomics standards and guidelines
* Human Factors integration

The book will be the definitive guide for all those concerned with making railways safer, more reliable, high quality and efficient. It will be essential reading for policy-makers, researchers and industry around the world.

Contents: Foreword, Andrew McNaughton. Perspectives On Rail Human Factors: Rail human factors: past, present and future, John R. Wilson and Beverley J. Norris
The RSSB human factors programme, Ann Mills
The ergonomics programme at Network Rail, Theresa Clarke. Driving -Train Driver Behaviour: Driver performance modelling and its practical application to railway safety, W. Ian Hamilton, Theresa Clarke
Acting or reacting? a cognitive work analysis approach to the train driver task, Anders Jansson, Eva Olsson and Lena Kecklund
The role of the future train driver, Susannah Russell, Barbara Long and Katie Robinson
Investigating train driver behaviour: the use of lineside information (permanent speed restriction signs) when regulating speed, Trudi Farrington-Darby, John R. Wilson and Beverley Norris
Analysing and modelling train driver performance, Ronald McCleod, Guy H. Walker, Neville Moray and Ann Mills
Driving - vision and visual strategies: a methodology to investigate train driver visual strategies, N. Brook-Carter, A.M. Parkes and A. Mills
A structured framework for integrating human factors design principles into railway vehicle cab sightlines specification, Paul Traub and William Lukau
Driving - devices in the cab: assessing the human factors risks in extending the use of AWS, Ronald W.McLeod, Guy H. Walker and Ann Mills
Driver vigilance devices, Adam Whitlock, John Pethick and Ann Mills
Human factors issues raised by the proposed introduction of GSM radio telecommunications into the UK rail environment, Mark Young and James Jenkinson
Driving - signs, signals and SPADs: driver detection and recognition of lineside signals and signs at different approach speeds, Guangyan Li, W. Ian Hamilton, Ged Morrisroe and Theresa Clarke
Signal sighting - development of a framework for managing conflicting requirements, Nicola Stapley, Tidi Wisawayodhin and Ann Mills
Ergonomics relating to the migration of lineside signals to ETCS L2 cab signals, D.P. Rookmaaker, D.W. de Bruijn, C.E. Weeda, M.P.H.J. Koedijk, J.L. Zwartenkot
A human factors SPAD checklist, Emma Lowe and Claire Turner: A structured method for integrating human factors into SPAD risk assessment
Driving - fatigue: human friendly rosters: reducing the risk of fatigue, Rebecca Ashton and Abigail Fowler
The HSE revised fatigue index in the rail industry: from application to understanding, Rob Cotterill and Helen Jones
Signalling and control facilities: meeting human factors challenges during the design of the new Integrated Electronic Control Centre (IECC) in York, Mike Stearn, Martin Hazell, John Robinson and Steve McLeod
The application of ergonomics to standards development for VDU based signalling control systems, Anthony Slamen and Nick Coleman
Using visual layering methods to design rail network control room displays, Darren Van Laar, Ian Andrew and Matthew Cox
Baseline ergonomic assessment of signalling control facilities, Mike Stearn, Theresa Clarke and John Robinson
Photo biological lighting: an avenue for maintaining alertness, Martin Reid and Martin Barnes. Planning and Control: Analysis and support of planning in the Dutch Railroad Company, René Jorna, Wout van Wezel, Derk Jan Kiewiet and Thomas de Boer
Future train traffic control, control by re-planning, Arvid Kauppi, Johan Wikström, Peter Hellström, Bengt Sandblad and Arne W. Andersson. Workload in Signalling: Understanding of Mental Workload in the Railways, John Wilson, Laura Pickup, Beverley Norris, Sarah Nichols, Lucy Mitchell
A conceptual framework of mental workload and the development of a self reporting integrated workload scale for railway signallers, Laura Pickup, John Wilson, Sarah Nichols and Stuart Smith
Assessment of new workload tools for the rail industry, Lucy Mitchell, Laura Pickup, Shelley Thomas and David Watts
Application of industrial-strength workload assessment tools, Ged Morrisroe. Human reliability and safety culture: human error risk management methodology for safety audit of a large railway organisation, PC Cacciabue
Competence management systems for rail engineering organisations, John Baker
The analysis of human communication errors during track maintenance, ED Megaw and E Lowe
Understanding safety culture and strategies for improvement in railway maintenance, Trudi Farrington-Darby, Laura Pickup, John Wilson, Lucy Adams
Cross border railway operations: building safety at cultural interfaces, S. O. Johnsen, I. A. Herrera, J. Vatn and R. Rosness. Incident Reporting: The development of PRISMA-Rail: a generic root cause analysis approach for the railway industry, Tjerk W. van der Schaaf and Linda B. Wright
CIRAS - History and issues arising during development, Maurice Wilsdon and Helen Muir
Near miss versus accident causation in the UK railway industry, Linda B. Wright and Tjerk W. van der Schaaf. Passengers and Staff: Managing violence, Claire Dickinson and Jeremy Bevan
The role of the manager in stress management, Emma Lowe
Getting passengers out - evacuation behaviours, Louis C. Boer
Rail passenger perceptions of risk and safety, and priorities for improvement, Lauren J. Thomas, Daniel J.A. Rhind and Katie J. Robinson
A common system of passenger safety signage, Gary Davis and Ann Mills. Human Factors Integration: Human factors within LUL - history, progress and future, Simon Pledger, Caroline Horbury and Andy Bourne
Human factors integration - a company case study, Sarah D Garner
Ergonomics standards in the UK rail industry, John Wood
Task Specification in designing for human factors in railway operations, Andrew Shepherd and Edward Marshall
Systems engineering tools for task modelling, Ged Morrisroe.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780754643821
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Limited
  • Publication date: 10/1/2005
  • Pages: 576
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 1.42 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Introduction
1 Rail human factors : past, present and future 3
2 The RSSB human factors programme 13
3 The ergonomics programme at Network Rail 19
4 Driver performance modelling and its practical application to railway safety 25
5 Acting or reacting? : a cognitive work analysis approach to the train driver task 40
6 The role of the future train driver 50
7 Investigating train driver behaviour : the use of lineside information when regulating speed 60
8 Analysing and modelling train driver performance 70
9 A methodology to investigate train driver visual strategies 83
10 A structured framework for integrating human factors design principles into railway vehicle cab sightlines specification 94
11 Assessing the human factors risks in extending the use of AWS 109
12 Driver vigilance devices 120
13 Human factors issues raised by the proposed introduction of GSM radio telecommunications into the UK rail environment 131
14 Driver detection and recognition of lineside signals and signs at different approach speeds 145
15 Signal sighting - development of a framework for managing conflicting requirements 158
16 Ergonomics relating to the migration of lineside signals to ETCS L2 cab signals 171
17 A human factors SPAD checklist 182
18 ORAM : a structured method for integrating human factors into SPAD risk assessment 189
19 Human friendly rosters : reducing the risk of fatigue 203
20 The HSE revised fatigue index in the rail industry : from application to understanding 215
21 Meeting human factors challenges during the design of the new Integrated Electronic Control Centre (IECC) in York 227
22 The application of ergonomics to standards development for VDU-based signalling control systems 239
23 Using visual layering methods to design rail network control room displays 251
24 Baseline ergonomics assessment of signalling control facilities 262
25 Photo-biological lighting : an avenue for maintaining alertness 272
26 Analysis and support of planning in the Dutch Railroad Company 285
27 Future train traffic control : control by re-planning 296
28 Understanding of mental workload in the railways 309
29 A conceptual framework of mental workload and the development of a self-reporting integrated workload scale for railway signallers 319
30 Assessment of new workload tools for the rail industry 330
31 Application of industrial strength workload assessment tools 341
32 Human error risk management methodology for safety audit of a large railway organisation 353
33 Competence management systems for rail engineering organisations 366
34 The analysis of human communication errors during track maintenance 373
35 Understanding safety culture and strategies for improvement in railway maintenance 383
36 Cross-border railway operations : building safety at cultural interfaces 393
37 The development of PRISMA-rail : a generic root cause analysis approach for the railway industry 413
38 CIRAS - history and issues arising during development 422
39 Near miss versus accident causation in the UK railway industry 429
40 Managing violence 441
41 The role of the manager in stress management 451
42 Getting passengers out - evacuation behaviours 462
43 Rail passenger perceptions of risk and safety and priorities for improvement 473
44 A common system of passenger safety signage 483
45 Human factors within LUL - history, progress and future 497
46 Human factors integration - a company case study 508
47 Ergonomics standards in the UK rail industry 515
48 Task specification in designing for human factors in railway operations 525
49 Systems engineering tools for task modelling 537
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