Raising and Educating a Deaf Child: A Comprehensive Guide to the Choices, Controversies, and Decisions Faced by Parents and Educators / Edition 2

Raising and Educating a Deaf Child: A Comprehensive Guide to the Choices, Controversies, and Decisions Faced by Parents and Educators / Edition 2

by Marc Marschark
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0195376153

ISBN-13: 9780195376159

Pub. Date: 01/09/2009

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

The second edition of this guide offers a readable, comprehensive summary of everything a parent or teacher would want to know about raising and educating a deaf child. It covers topics ranging from what it means to be deaf to the many ways that the environments of home and school can influence a deaf child's chances for success in academic and social circles. The

Overview

The second edition of this guide offers a readable, comprehensive summary of everything a parent or teacher would want to know about raising and educating a deaf child. It covers topics ranging from what it means to be deaf to the many ways that the environments of home and school can influence a deaf child's chances for success in academic and social circles. The new edition provides expanded coverage of cochlear implants, spoken language, mental health, and educational issues relating to deaf children enrolled in integrated and separate settings. Marschark makes sense of the most current educational and scientific literature, and also talks to deaf children, their parents, and deaf adults about what is important to them.

Raising and Educating a Deaf Child is not a "how to" book or one with all the "right" answers for raising a deaf child; rather, it is a guide through the conflicting suggestions and programs for raising deaf children, as well as the likely implications of taking one direction or the other.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195376159
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
01/09/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword vii

1 A Deaf Child in the Family 3

A View From Within 7

Big D and Little d 8

Hearing Loss Versus Hearing Impairment 10

Sign Language 12

A Deaf Child in the Family 12

The Importance of Language 14

Growing Up Deaf: Differences Versus Deficiencies 17

Family Adjustment to Early Childhood Hearing Loss 19

Early Intervention 21

Final Comments 23

2 Practical Aspects of Being Deaf 26

In the Lands of the Deaf 27

Describing the Deaf Population 28

Causes and Consequences of Early Hearing Loss 29

Mechanisms of Hearing 30

Mechanisms of Hearing Loss 32

Degrees of Hearing Loss 34

Causes of Hearing Loss 35

Deaf Children With Other Needs 36

Early Identification of Hearing Losses 38

Identifying Hearing Loss Early 39

Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Challenges 40

Hearing Aids and Related Technology 41

Hearing Aids 42

Loop, Infrared, and FM Systems 43

Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Cochlear Implants 44

How Implants Work 44

A Brief History of Cochlear Implant Technology 47

Who Benefits From Cochlear Implants? 49

Long-Term Effects of Cochlear Implants 52

Technological Tools for Deaf People 56

TTYs and Pagers 56

Relay Services and Webcams 57

Captioning 59

Final Comments 60

3 Communicating With Deaf Children 63

Availability of Sign Language for Deaf Children 65

About Signed Languages 67

A Brief History of American Sign Language 71

Components of Signs and Signed Languages 73

Alternative Forms of Sign Communication 80

Pidgin Signed English and Contact Sign 81

Signed English 81

Seeing Essential English (SEE1) 82

Signing Exact English (SEE2) 82

Spoken Language 83

Speech Training and SpeechAssessment 84

Oral Methods 86

Cued Speech 88

Final Comments 90

4 Early Interactions: The Roots of Childhood 92

Origins of Social Relations 93

Early Interactions Have Far-Reaching Effects 94

Accepting Childhood Deafness 97

The Show Must Go On 99

Attachment: Mother and Child Reunion 101

Looking Beyond the Earliest Relationships 103

The Importance of Play 106

Final Comments 107

5 Language Development 109

Do Deaf Babies Babble? 110

Vocal Babbling by Deaf Infants 111

Manual Babbling? 113

Gestures and Signs 114

First Signs, First Words 115

Growing Vocabularies 117

Learning to Fingerspell 121

Does Learning to Sign Affect Learning to Speak? 122

Does Signing Remove a Deaf Child's Motivation to Speak? 123

How Can Deaf Children Function in Society If They Cannot Speak? 124

How Does Not Being Able to Speak Affect Learning in School? 124

Signs and Words in the Same Child 126

Putting It All Together 127

Learning to Use Sign Efficiently 130

Deaf Children's Exposure to Social Language 132

Final Comments 134

6 Going to School 137

Educating Deaf Children 138

Legal Issues Confronting the Education of Deaf Children 139

Educational Program Alternatives 142

Preschool Programs 143

Schools for the Deaf, Residential Schools, and Separate School Programs 144

Public School Mainstreaming and Inclusion 146

Bilingual Programs 147

Postsecondary Education for Deaf Students 148

Academic Support Services 149

Interpreting 150

Note Taking 152

Real-Time Text 153

Other Support Considerations 153

Educational Implications of Alternative School Placements 155

Psychological Implications of Alternative School Placements 157

Final Comments 159

7 Learning to Read and Write 162

What Is Reading? 165

What Makes Some Deaf Children (but Not Others) Good Readers? 168

Deaf Children of Deaf Parents 169

Phonological Knowledge and Spelling 172

Vocabulary Knowledge and Knowledge of the World 174

Understanding Grammar 175

Thinking About Reading 176

Deaf Children's Writing 177

The Impact of Social and Emotional Factors on Literacy 180

Final Comments 180

8 Intelligence, Academic Achievement, and Creativity 183

Understanding Intelligence 185

Language, Thought, and Intelligence 187

Confounding Factors in Intelligence 190

The Language Issue 190

Physiological and Psychological Contributions 191

Understanding Other Minds 193

Striving for Success 195

Measuring Academic Achievement 197

Creativity and Flexibility 199

What Is Creativity? 199

Nonverbal Creativity of Deaf Children 200

Verbal Creativity of Deaf Children 201

Do Deaf Children Have Special Visual Skills? 203

Final Comments 204

9 Deaf Children to Deaf Adults 206

Personality and Emotional Growth During the School Years 208

Living With Parents, Peers, and Siblings 211

Interactions With Peers 213

Influences of Brothers and Sisters 215

Understanding the Feelings and Values of Others 217

Mental Health 218

Are Deaf Children Impulsive? 222

Learning Disability 224

Final Comments 227

10 Where Do We Go From Here? 229

Being a Parent of a Deaf Child 231

Notes 235

References 243

Index 257

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