Raising Cain: Blackface Performance from Jim Crow to Hip Hop

Raising Cain: Blackface Performance from Jim Crow to Hip Hop

by W. T. Lhamon Jr., W. T. Lhamon
     
 

Cain made the first blackface turn, blackface minstrels liked to say of the first man forced to wander the world acting out his low place in life. It wasn't the "approved" reading, but then, blackface wasn't the "approved" culture either—yet somehow we're still dancing to its renegade tune. The story of an insubordinate, rebellious, truly popular culture

Overview

Cain made the first blackface turn, blackface minstrels liked to say of the first man forced to wander the world acting out his low place in life. It wasn't the "approved" reading, but then, blackface wasn't the "approved" culture either—yet somehow we're still dancing to its renegade tune. The story of an insubordinate, rebellious, truly popular culture stretching from Jim Crow to hip hop is told for the first time in Raising Cain, a provocative look at how the outcasts of official culture have made their own place in the world.

Unearthing a wealth of long-buried plays and songs, rethinking materials often deemed too troubling or lowly to handle, and overturning cherished ideas about classics from Uncle Tom's Cabin to Benito Cereno to The Jazz Singer, W. T. Lhamon Jr. sets out a startlingly original history of blackface as a cultural ritual that, for all its racist elements, was ultimately liberating. He shows that early blackface, dating back to the 1830s, put forward an interpretation of blackness as that which endured a commonly felt scorn and often outwitted it. To follow the subsequent turns taken by the many forms of blackface is to pursue the way modern social shifts produce and disperse culture. Raising Cain follows these forms as they prolong and adapt folk performance and popular rites for industrial commerce, then project themselves into the rougher modes of postmodern life through such heirs of blackface as stand-up comedy, rock 'n' roll, talk TV, and hip hop.

Formally raising Cain in its myriad variants, blackface appears here as a racial project more radical even than abolitionism. Lhamon's account of its provenance and persistence is a major reinterpretation of American culture.

Editorial Reviews

Greil Marcus
In my reading of contemporary American cultural criticism, or cultural criticism generally, Lhamon's ability to supersede the barriers between cultural forms that most writers take for granted is very nearly unique. Beyond his consistently forceful, lucid, jargon-free, careful, and enthusiastic prose style, I think this is the most striking aspect of his work. Lhamon's book locates the sources, practice, and reception of minstrelsy as a cultural battleground, and takes it as seriously as other historians of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries have taken religious revivals. -- Greil Marcus
Paul Gilroy
W.T. Lhamon's dazzling book is an extraordinary piece of work that offers much. By turns he is marvelously erudite, probing, poetic, witty, and politically incisive...The history and historiography of minstrelsy and mimesis are folded into powerful readings of texts, performances, and films that are both well-known and entirely unfamiliar...."Raising Cain" will obviously become a central reference point for future discussions of race and culture. -- Paul Gilroy
Leigh Raiford
Raising Cain is cultural criticism at its most innovative and engaging because it offers insightful ways of imagining the past.
Times Literary Supplement

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674747111
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Publication date:
02/28/1998
Pages:
269
Product dimensions:
6.44(w) x 9.49(h) x 0.97(d)

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